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13
Wednesday
 
  Nanxi Liu: A Rags-to-Riches Story  小資女孩搖身一變 CEO
by Daniel Howard
At just 25 years old, Nanxi Liu is already one of the hottest entrepreneurs in LA.
年僅二十五歲的劉南西已經是洛杉磯最炙手可熱的企業家之一。

(右鍵可另存)

  Nanxi Liu is a Chinese-American entrepreneur and the CEO of Enplug, a company which she helped start. Liu's success has put her on Forbes' 30-under-30 list of the world's most successful young people. Her _(1)_ are even more impressive when we know how hard she worked to achieve them.
  Liu began her life in _(2)_ China with her aunt and uncle in a home that didn't even have running water. She didn't live with her parents until they went to the US from Europe to further pursue higher education when she was five years old. Life was better for them there, but the whole family lived off Liu's parents' scholarships.
  However, things eventually got better. Liu learned to play the piano, and she grew into a beautiful young woman. She _(3)_ that she could win scholarships in piano competitions and beauty pageants. With her talent and a lot of hard work, she _(4)_ UC Berkeley on a full scholarship, where she and a friend also founded a successful company. They developed a _(5)_ for storing vaccines, which won them the 2014 Young Innovators Award.
  But that wasn't enough for Liu. _(6)_ some funding she won from her university, she started a new tech company, Enplug. The software developed by the company allows screens to become _(7)_ signs that show pictures, social media, or apps. The company has been so successful it was named one of Entrepreneur magazine's Top 30 Startups to Watch. Only time will tell what's next for Nanxi Liu, but we can all be sure it will be impressive.

1. (A) failures  (B) disadvantages  (C) accomplishments  (D) arguments
2. (A) rural  (B) luxurious  (C) trendy  (D) casual
3. (A) suffered from  (B) kept up  (C) brought about  (D) figured out
4. (A) escaped  (B) attended  (C) declined  (D) established
5. (A) chemical  (B) wreckage  (C) feedback  (D) recipient
6. (A) In spite of  (B) Despite  (C) With  (D) Without
7. (A) financial  (B) inefficient  (C) negative  (D) interactive


原來如此
  1. Her accomplishments are even more impressive when we know how hard she worked to achieve them.
    當我們得知她是多麼地努力去付諸實現,她的成就更為令人刮目相看。
    理由:
    a. (A) failure n. 失敗
    In short, it is David's laziness that led to his failure.
    簡言之,就是大衛的懶惰導致他的失敗。
    (B) disadvantage n. 缺點
    反: advantage n. 優點,優勢
    Cara weighed the advantages and disadvantages of taking the job offer.
    卡拉衡量接受那份工作的好處與壞處。
    *weigh vt. 考慮,權衡
    (C) accomplishment n. 成就
    The awards dinner will honor the students' accomplishments.
    在頒獎晚宴上將表揚學生們的成就。
    (D) argument n. 論點,爭吵
    Sam's persuasive argument made me doubt my decision.
    山姆深具說服力的論點讓我懷疑自己的決定。
    *persuasive a. 有說服力的
    b. 根據語意,(C) 項應為正選。

  2. Liu began her life in rural China with her aunt and uncle in a home that didn't even have running water.
    劉南西出生在中國的鄉村,她與她的阿姨和姨丈一起住在一個連自來水都沒有的家。
    理由:
    a. (A) rural a. 鄉村的
    Mr. Li has been dedicated to educating children in rural areas.
    李先生一直致力於教育農村子弟。
    (B) luxurious a. 奢侈的;豪華的
    The hotel where I stayed in Paris was the most luxurious place I had ever stayed at.
    我去巴黎旅行時住的飯店是我待過最豪華的一家。
    (C) trendy a. 流行的
    Frank is obsessed with collecting trendy and expensive sneakers.
    法蘭克對收集新潮昂貴的球鞋著迷不已。
    (D) casual a. 休閒的;非正式的
    Tammy's tastes in clothes range from casual to formal.
    譚咪的穿著品味從休閒到正式的都有。
    b. 根據語意,(A) 項應為正選。

  3. She figured out that she could win scholarships in piano competitions and beauty pageants.
    她想出她可以藉由鋼琴競賽與選美比賽獲得獎學金。
    理由:
    a. (A) suffer from...  飽受……(疾病)之苦
    When people face a relatively heavy workload at the office, they tend to suffer from stress.
    人們在辦公室面臨較繁重的工作量時,他們往往會飽受壓力之苦。
    (B) keep up...  繼續保持……
    You've got to keep up your studies if you want to get into that university.
    如果你想進那所大學就讀,就得繼續好好讀書。
    (C) bring about...  帶來……;導致……
    同: result in...
    = lead to...
    The government hopes the new tax break will bring about economic development.
    政府希望新的減稅政策能帶來經濟成長。
    (D) figure out...  理解∕想出……
    Ed overlooked the question's key point, so he couldn't figure out the answer.
    艾德忽略了這問題的重點,所以想不出答案。
    *overlook vt. 忽略,忽視
    b. 根據語意,(D) 項應為正選。

  4. With her talent and a lot of hard work, she attended UC Berkeley on a full scholarship, where she and a friend also founded a successful company.
    憑藉著她的才華和辛勤付出,她以全額獎學金就讀加州大學柏克萊分校,她和一位友人也在那裡創立了一間成功的公司。
    理由:
    a. (A) escape vt. 逃脫,逃離
    As many as 250 people escaped the burning building.
    有多達兩百五十人從那棟著火的建築物中脫困。
    (B) attend vt. 上(學);參加
    Edward had no intention of attending college in his hometown.
    艾德華不想上家鄉的大學。
    (C) decline vt. 婉拒,謝絕
    Anna declined my invitation to dinner because she had to work overtime.
    安娜婉拒與我共進晚餐的邀約,因為她得加班。
    (D) establish vt. 建立
    Our company has established several new rules this year.
    今年我們公司制定了幾條新的規定。
    b. 根據語意,(B) 項應為正選。

  5. They developed a chemical for storing vaccines, which won them the 2014 Young Innovators Award.
    他們研發出一個存放疫苗的化學物質,因而贏得 2014 年的青年創新者獎項。
    理由:
    a. (A) chemical n. 化學物質 & a. 化學的
    The chemical waste will have a permanent impact on the environment.
    這些化學廢棄物會對環境造成永久的影響。
    *permanent a. 永久的
    (B) wreckage n. 殘骸(不可數)
    Investigators examined the wreckage of the UFO.
    調查人員仔細檢查那架幽浮殘骸。
    (C) feedback n. 回應;回饋意見
    Emma received a lot of feedback on the funny stories she posted on her blog.
    愛瑪在她部落格上張貼的趣事獲得很大的迴響。
    (D) recipient n. 接受者
    Unfortunately, my name wasn't on the list of recipients of the prize.
    很不幸地,我的名字沒在受獎名單上。
    b. 根據語意,(A) 項應為正選。

  6. With some funding she won from her university, she started a new tech company, Enplug.
    她運用在學校獲得的專款補助來創立一間新的科技公司 Enplug。
    理由:
    a. With 所引導的介詞片語(with + 名詞)譯為『有了……』,通常置於句首,修飾後面的主要子句。
    With your help, we can finish the job on time.
    = Having your help, we can finish the job on time.
    有了你的幫助,我們可以準時完成工作。
    b. 根據上述用法,(C) 項應為正選。

  7. The software developed by the company allows screens to become interactive signs that show pictures, social media, or apps.
    該公司所研發的軟體讓螢幕變成顯示照片、社群媒體或應用程式的互動信號。
    理由:
    a. (A) financial a. 財務的;金融的
    Karen followed her financial consultant's suggestions and invested in the gold market.
    凱倫聽從理財專員的建議投資黃金市場。
    (B) inefficient a. 無效率的
    反: efficient a. 有效率的
    Ray's boss criticized him as a lazy and inefficient employee.
    小雷的老闆批評他是個既懶惰又沒效率的員工。
    David thinks highly of his secretary because she is very efficient.
    大衛對他的祕書評價很高,因為她很有效率。
    (C) negative a. 負面的;消極的
    People who have a negative attitude towards life are usually unhappy.
    對生命抱持消極態度的人通常不快樂。
    (D) interactive a. 互動的
    Interactive video games have become very popular recently.
    互動式的電玩遊戲近來很流行。
    b. 根據語意,(D) 項應為正選。


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精解字詞
  1. rags-to-riches a. 白手起家的
    衍: from rags to riches  從赤貧到富有
    The beggar went from rags to riches overnight by winning the lottery.
    那個乞丐贏了彩券後一夕間由赤貧變為富有。
  2. entrepreneur n. 企業家
    The entrepreneur is on the verge of bankruptcy.
    那位企業家正瀕臨破產邊緣。
    *be on the verge of...  處於……的邊緣
  3. impressive a. 令人印象深刻的
    衍: impression n. 印象
    The children's obedience during class is impressive.
    這些孩子在課堂上表現的順從令人印象深刻。
    *obedience n. 服從,順從
    Mark dressed up in hopes of making a good impression on his girlfriend's parents.
    馬克盛裝打扮以期給女友的父母留下好印象。
    *make an impression on sb  給某人留下印象
  4. achieve vt. 完成,達到
    同: accomplish vt.
    If you work hard, you will eventually achieve your goals.
    如果你努力,最後一定會達成目標。
  5. eventually adv. 最後,終於
    同: finally adv.
    Amy's constant complaints eventually pushed her husband over the edge.
    愛咪不停的抱怨終於把她老公逼到忍無可忍。
    *push sb over the edge  把某人逼到絕境
  6. competition n. 比賽,競賽
    Christine was proud of being able to represent her school at the speech competition.
    克莉絲汀以能夠代表學校參加演講比賽為榮。
  7. found vt. 創立,建立(三態為:found, founded, founded。)
    衍: founder n. 創始人,創立者
    The organization was founded to make sure all children have access to a good education.
    這個組織成立的目的是為了確保所有孩童都能接受良好的教育。
    The newspaper took a stand on WikiLeaks and declared support for its founder.
    那家報社針對維基解密表明立場,宣稱會支持該網站的創辦人。
    *take a stand on...  對……表明立場
  8. develop vt. 發展;擴展
    衍: development n. 發展;成長
    That country has spent a large sum of money developing universal health care.
    那個國家在發展全民健保上花了一大筆錢。
    Parents play a major role in their children's development.
    家長在孩童發展過程中扮演重要的角色。
  9. innovator n. 革新者,創新者
    衍: innovate vt. 創新,革新
    This computer company is innovating new products all the time.
    這家電腦公司不斷在創新產品。
  10. startup n. 新興公司 & a. 創辦時期的

單字小舖

scholarship n. 獎學金
pageant n. 選美比賽
store vt. 貯存
vaccine n. 疫苗
funding n. 專∕撥款(不可數)
software n. 軟體
app n. 應用程式
同: application n.

片語小舖
  1. live off...  以……維持生計
    I don't know how Helen manages to live off her painting.
    我不知道海倫是如何靠畫畫維持生計。
  2. allow sb to V  允許某人(做)……
    My father doesn't allow me to stay at my friend's house overnight.
    我爸爸不允許我在朋友家過夜。

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