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9
Wednesday
 
  One New Zealand Gang Shows Its Heart Is in the Right Place 紐西蘭三明治黑幫
by Brian Foden
The Tribal Huk gang has been called "the sandwich gang" because of its program to provide free lunches for hungry school kids.
部落哈克幫因其提供免費午餐給挨餓學童的計劃而被稱為『三明治黑幫』。


  When the word "gang" is mentioned, people usually think of violent thugs committing crimes such as assault, robbery, and even murder. However, in the Waikato region on New Zealand's North Island, the Tribal Huk gang is doing something _(1)_ less menacing. In fact, it is exactly the opposite of what gangs are usually _(2)_. Every weekday, the gang's members make 500 sandwiches to feed hungry school children. Doing so isn't exactly cheap as it costs the gang, which has been dubbed "the sandwich gang," roughly NZ$2,150, or about NT$46,000 each week. The program is paid for by the _(3)_ from the gang's farm, where they raise animals for meat. After running the service for four years, the Tribal Huk gang now wants to _(4)_ it to feed hungry kids across New Zealand, not just those in one region of the country's North Island. To help pay for that broader initiative, the gang started a _(5)_ with an initial funding of NZ$21,500, or about NT$467,000.
  New Zealand has perhaps the highest number of gangs per capita in the world, ranging from motorcycle gangs and street gangs to ethnic gangs like the Tribal Huk. The Tribal Huk's leader, Jamie Pink, doesn't deny his _(6)_ past, admitting he has gone to jail for "bashing people, a few assault charges, the odd GBH (grievous bodily harm)." Some _(7)_ that the "sandwich gang" is providing free lunches as a way of recruiting new, younger members, but Pink strongly denied that was the case. He says, "It'd be a terrible thing if that was what we were doing it for; it definitely isn't. There's no cover for anything. It costs too much."

1. (A) some  (B) much  (C) many  (D) few
2. (A) accused of  (B) benefited from  (C) taken up  (D) known for
3. (A) profits  (B) accounts  (C) currencies  (D) trademarks
4. (A) abolish  (B) expand  (C) dismiss  (D) reform
5. (A) reservation  (B) competition  (C) foundation  (D) occupation
6. (A) peaceful  (B) loyal  (C) promising  (D) violent
7. (A) speculated  (B) diagnosed  (C) resembled  (D) terminated



原來如此
  1. However, in the Waikato region on New Zealand's North Island, the Tribal Huk gang is doing something much less menacing.
    然而,在紐西蘭北島的懷卡托地區,部落哈克幫正在從事某件不那麼具威脅性的事。
    理由:
    a. 可用來修飾比較級形容詞或副詞的有下列副詞:
    even, far, much, a lot, a great deal, still。
    b. 在選項中符合上述的副詞僅有 much。
    Compared to that singer, my boyfriend is a much better performer.
    和那個歌手比起來,我男友的表演厲害多了。
    c. 根據上述用法,(B) 項應為正選。
  2. In fact, it is exactly the opposite of what gangs are usually known for.
    事實上,他們所做的事與通常幫派出名的原因完全相反。
    理由:
    a. (A) be accused of...  被指控??
    I was accused of taking my classmate's wallet, but I wasn't even at school that day.
    我被指控拿了同學的皮夾,但那天我根本就沒去學校。
    (B) be benefited from...  從……中受益
    The boy's writing was benefited from a discussion with the famous writer.
    該男孩的寫作受惠於與那位鼎鼎大名作家的討論。
    (C) be taken up  佔用;被……接受
    The whole three-hour meeting was taken up with arguing about the budget.
    有關預算的爭論佔用了整整三小時的會議。
    (D) be known for...  以……聞名
    Taiwan is known for its delicious snacks.
    臺灣以其美味的小吃而聞名。
    b. 根據語意,(D) 項應為正選。
  3. The program is paid for by the profits from the gang's farm, where they raise animals for meat.
    這項計劃是由來自該幫派農場的獲利所支付,他們在那裡飼養動物以作食用肉品。
    理由:
    a. (A) profit n. 利潤;利益
    衍: make a profit  獲利
    Mr. Wang ran a business for five years before he made a profit.
    王先生做生意五年後才開始獲利。
    (B) account n. 戶頭
    My mother transfers NT$10,000 into my bank account every month.
    我媽媽每個月會轉一萬元到我的銀行帳戶。
    (C) currency n. 貨幣
    We exchanged our Japanese currency for American dollars at the bank.
    我們在銀行用日幣兌換美元。
    (D) trademark n. 商標
    The Coca-Cola company registered its trademark to prevent it from being copied by its competitors.
    可口可樂公司註冊該商標以防止競爭對手仿冒。
    b. 根據語意,(A) 項應為正選。
  4. After running the service for four years, the Tribal Huk gang now wants to expand it to feed hungry kids across New Zealand, not just those in one region of the country's North Island.
    這項服務運行四年後,部落哈克幫現在想要擴展這項計劃來餵飽所有紐西蘭境內挨餓的孩童,而不只是該國北島單一地區裡的孩子。
    理由:
    a. (A) abolish vt. 廢除,廢止
    Slavery was abolished in the US in the 19th century.
    美國在十九世紀廢除奴隸制度。
    (B) expand vt. 擴展
    My father expanded the backyard to make room for a swimming pool.
    我爸爸把後院擴增,好挪出空間來蓋一座游泳池。
    (C) dismiss vt. 解散
    The professor dismissed all the students except Allen.
    這名教授解散了所有學生,只留下艾倫一人。
    (D) reform vt. 改革
    The government proposed a plan to reform the welfare system.
    政府提出了一項改革福利制度的計劃。
    b. 根據語意,(B) 項應為正選。
  5. To help pay for that broader initiative, the gang started a foundation with an initial funding of NZ$21,500, or about NT$467,000.
    為了幫助支付這項更為廣大的創舉,該幫派創辦了一個基金會,其初始資金為兩萬一千五百元紐西蘭幣(約新臺幣四十六萬七千元)。
    理由:
    a. (A) reservation n. 預約∕訂
    衍: make a reservation for...  預約∕訂……
    Mandy made a reservation for 10 at the KTV for tomorrow night.
    曼蒂在那家 KTV 預訂了明晚十個人的包廂。
    (B) competition n. 競爭;比賽
    衍: in competition for...  競爭∕爭取……
    Five contestants are in competition for the award.
    有五名參賽者角逐這個獎項。
    (C) foundation n. 基金會;基礎
    衍: lay a foundation for...  為……奠下基礎
    A good system helps lay a solid foundation for the company.
    好的制度會為公司奠定穩固的基礎。
    (D) occupation n. 工作,職業
    My ideal occupation is to edit magazines in a top publishing house.
    我理想的職業是在一家一流的出版社編輯雜誌。
    b. 根據語意,(C) 項應為正選。
  6. The Tribal Huk's leader, Jamie Pink, doesn't deny his violent past, admitting he has gone to jail for "bashing people, a few assault charges, the odd GBH (grievous bodily harm)."
    部落哈克幫的老大傑米‧聘克並不否認自己狂暴的過往,並承認他因為『痛毆他人、幾次人身攻擊指控、異常重度身體傷害事件』而鋃鐺入獄。
    理由:
    a. (A) peaceful a. 寧靜的,平靜的
    Ms. Hsiao has led a peaceful life since she retired.
    蕭太太退休後就一直過著平靜的生活。
    (B) loyal a. 忠誠的,忠心的
    衍: be loyal to...  對……忠誠∕忠心
    = be faithful to...
    The couple remained loyal to each other throughout their lives.
    這對夫妻一生都對彼此忠誠。
    (C) promising a. 有前途的
    Dong is a promising young businessman.
    阿東是名年輕有為的生意人。
    (D) violent a. 狂暴的,暴力的
    When Kent gets drunk, he becomes violent.
    肯特喝醉時,他就會變得很暴力。
    b. 根據語意,(D) 項應為正選。
  7. Some speculated that the "sandwich gang" is providing free lunches as a way of recruiting new, younger members, but Pink strongly denied that was the case.
    某些人猜測『三明治黑幫』將提供免費午餐作為招募年輕新成員的一種手段,但聘克強烈否認這樣的說法。
    理由:
    a. (A) speculate vt. 猜測,推測 & vi. 思索
    衍: speculate + that 子句  猜測∕推測……
    Some people have speculated that this Hollywood couple will break up within a year.
    有些人臆測這對好萊塢情侶一年之內就會分手。
    (B) diagnose vt. 診斷
    衍: be diagnosed with + 疾病  被診斷患有……疾病
    My dog was diagnosed with an infectious disease and had to be quarantined.
    我的狗被診斷出得了傳染病而必須被隔離。
    *infectious a. 傳染(性)的
    quarantine vt. 使隔離
    (C) resemble vt. 像,與……相似
    同: look like...
    After the massive earthquake, the city resembled a battlefield.
    在那場強烈地震過後,該城市好似戰場一般。
    (D) terminate vt. 終止
    You have to give one month's notice if you want to terminate the contract.
    如果你想終止合約,就必須提前一個月通知。
    b. 根據語意,(A) 項應為正選。

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精解字詞
  1. program n. 計劃;節目
    The end of the long-running Taiwanese TV program Kangxi Lai Le has stunned netizens all over the world.
    收視長紅的臺灣電視節目《康熙來了》的結束震驚了全球網友。
    *netizen n. 網友
  2. commit vt. 犯(罪∕錯等)
    衍: commit a crime / a murder / suicide  犯罪∕殺人∕自殺
    Those who commit crimes often do so because they feel there is no other choice.
    那些犯罪的人通常是因為他們覺得自己已經走投無路了。
  3. opposite n. 相反的人事物
    衍: be the complete opposite  根本是完全相反(的類型)
    May adores good-looking guys, but her boyfriend is the complete opposite.
    小梅喜歡帥哥,但她的男朋友卻完全不符合這個類型。
    *adore vt. 崇拜;喜歡
  4. dub vt. 給予……的稱號;把……稱作
    Donald Trump was dubbed one of New York City's best known and most controversial developers by other developers in the city.
    唐納‧川普被紐約市其他開發商稱為該市最著名且最具爭議性的開發者之一。
  5. raise vt. 飼養(動物);養育(孩子)
    The website of a state-run newspaper alleges that a KFC supplier had been raising chickens in unsanitary conditions.
    一家國營報社的網站聲稱肯德基的一個供應商在不衛生的環境中飼養雞隻。
    *state-run a. 國營的;國立的
    allege vt. 聲稱,宣稱
  6. initiative n. 創舉;首創精神;倡議
    衍: initiate vt. 創始;發起
    initial a. 最初的
    An initiative for the legalization of marijuana in Nevada will probably go into effect in 2016.
    內華達州的大麻合法化倡議可能將在 2016 年生效。
    The Finnish government initiated a program of economic reform last year.
    芬蘭政府去年開始實施經濟改革方案。
    The manager's initial reaction was to decline the attractive offer.
    該經理最初的反應是謝絕那項誘人的提議。
  7. funding n. 資金,撥款
  8. deny vt. 否認
    衍: deny V-ing  否認從事……
    Al denied having anything to do with the crime.
    艾爾否認與該罪行有關。
  9. admit vt. & vi. 承認
    衍: admit N/V-ing  承認(做)……
    Contrary to his previous statement, the suspect decided to admit his guilt.
    與先前供詞相反的是,該嫌犯決定認罪。
  10. recruit vt. 招募,徵募 & n. 新成員
    The increasing crime rate underlines the importance of recruiting more police officers.
    不斷提高的犯罪率突顯了招募更多警員的重要性。
    The company put all new recruits through a week-long training program.
    該公司讓所有新進員工參加為期一週的培訓課程。

單字小舖

gang n. 幫派
tribal a. 部落的
thug n. 流氓,惡徒
assault n. 施暴,攻擊
同: attack n.
robbery n. 搶劫
murder n. & vt. 謀殺
menacing a. 具威脅性的
per capita adv. 人均
ethnic a. 種族的
衍: ethnic groups  族群
bash vt. & vi. 毆打,猛擊
GBH (Grievous Bodily Harm)  嚴重身體傷害
(一項普通法罪行,為蓄意或惡意向受害人加以重度傷害其身體)
grievous a. 嚴重的;悲傷的

片語小舖
  1. range from A to B  從 A 到 B 都有
    People crazy about Japanese comics and anime range from teenagers to adults.
    那些為日本動漫瘋狂的人從青少年到成人都有。

中文翻譯&標準答案


紐西蘭三明治黑幫
部落哈克幫因其提供免費午餐給挨餓學童的計劃而被稱為『三明治黑幫』。

  當『幫派』這個字眼被提及時,人們通常想到流氓所犯下的罪行,例如施暴、搶劫,甚至謀殺。然而,在紐西蘭北島的懷卡托地區,部落哈克幫正在從事某件不那麼具威脅性的事。事實上,他們所做的事與通常幫派出名的原因完全相反。每個平日,該幫派的成員會製作五百份三明治以餵飽饑腸轆轆的學童。這麼做一點都不便宜,因為這個被戲稱為『三明治黑幫』的幫派每週會花費將近兩千一百五十元紐西蘭幣(約新臺幣四萬六千元)的費用。這項計劃是由來自該幫派農場的獲利所支付,他們在那裡飼養動物以作食用肉品。這項服務運行四年後,部落哈克幫現在想要擴展這項計劃來餵飽所有紐西蘭境內挨餓的孩童,而不只是該國北島單一地區裡的孩子。為了幫助支付這項更為廣大的創舉,該幫派創辦了一個基金會,其初始資金為兩萬一千五百元紐西蘭幣(約新臺幣四十六萬七千元)。

  紐西蘭大概擁有世界上按人口比例為數最高的幫派,從機車幫派與街頭幫派到像部落哈克幫的族群幫派都有。部落哈克幫的老大傑米‧聘克並不否認自己狂暴的過往,並承認他因為『痛毆他人、幾次人身攻擊指控、異常重度身體傷害事件』而鋃鐺入獄。某些人猜測『三明治黑幫』將提供免費午餐作為招募年輕新成員的一種手段,但聘克強烈否認這樣的說法。他表示:『假如那是我們這麼做的目的就太糟糕了;絕對不是如此。沒什麼需要遮遮掩掩的。這樣的成本花費太高了。』
答案: 1. B 2. D 3. A 4. B 5. C 6. D 7. A

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