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  Barbie's Big Makeover 擁抱多元 回歸真實之美
by Ivy Liu
Barbie dolls finally have body shapes that exist in reality.
芭比娃娃終於擁有符合現實存在的體型。

(右鍵可另存)

  Criticized for years for distorting young children's image of beauty, Mattel finally gave Barbie a total makeover. In January 2016, it _(1)_ three realistic body types: petite, curvy, and tall. It also created a new _(2)_ of dolls with seven different skin tones to reflect the diversity of children who play with the dolls. They'll even have 24 new hairstyles, like curly red, afro, or blue hair.
  Many thought it was _(3)_ time for the company to make moves. The original Barbie has such unrealistic _(4)_ that if she were real, it would be impossible for her to walk or even live. After Lego overtook Mattel as the top-selling toy brand and Frozen's Elsa doll took the top-selling spot from Barbie in 2014, Mattel spent two years under the codename "Project Dawn" to revamp Barbie's _(5)_ shape. With the diversity of the new dolls, the company hopes to rekindle the interests of more socially conscious "millennial moms."
  We live in a world _(6)_ advertisements, magazines, and more that have been touched up surround us, providing unrealistic standards of beauty. Research has shown that children are _(7)_ by the wrong images around them, which can harm their self-image and worth for years afterwards. In July 2015, a study discovered that children as young as eight in the UK were dissatisfied with their bodies and 40% of adolescent girls _(8)_ dieted. While many say that this change has come too late, several charities that promote body confidence and assist _(9)_ struggling with eating disorders have welcomed these new dolls.
  Liam Preston, spokesman for the YMCA's Be Real campaign, said, "It's so important that young people _(10)_ diversity and feel happy with who they are, and the dolls could really help that."

(A) high (B) affected (C) regularly (D) unveiled (E) where
(F) proportions (G) embrace (H) classic (I) those (J) range

原來如此
  1. In January 2016, it unveiled three realistic body types: petite, curvy, and tall.
    2016 年一月,它展示了三種真實的身材:嬌小、曲線和高大。
    理由:
    a. 空格前有代名詞 it(它),空格後有名詞詞組 three realistic body types(三種真實的身材),得知空格應置單數及物動詞或過去式及物動詞。
    b. 選項中符合上述的有 (B) affected(影響)及 (D) unveiled(展示),惟根據語意,(D) 項應為正選。
    c. unveil vt. 展示;揭幕
    The artist will unveil his newest paintings next month.
    這名藝術家將在下個月展示他的最新畫作。
  2. It also created a new range of dolls with seven different skin tones to reflect the diversity of children who play with the dolls.
    它也創造出一系列新的芭比,擁有七種不同膚色以反映玩芭比娃娃孩童的多樣性。
    理由:
    a. 本題測試以下固定用法:
    a range of...  一系列的……
    The restaurant offers a range of authentic Spanish dishes.
    這家餐廳供應一系列道地的西班牙菜。
    *authentic a. 正宗的;真跡的
    b. 根據上述用法,(J) 項應為正選。
  3. Many thought it was high time for the company to make moves.
    許多人都認為這正是該公司採取行動的時候了。
    理由:
    a. 本題測試以下固定用法:
    it is (high / about) time for sb to V  該是某人……的時候了
    It is high time for our children to receive some education.
    是我們的孩子該受教育的時候了。
    b. 根據上述用法,(A) 項應為正選。
  4. The original Barbie has such unrealistic proportions that if she were real, it would be impossible for her to walk or even live.
    原本的芭比擁有的比例實在太失真,因此她若是真正存在,她將無法行走,或甚至無法存活。
    理由:
    a. 空格前有形容詞 unrealistic(失真的),得知空格應置名詞或代名詞以被 unrealistic 修飾。
    b. 選項中符合上述的有 (F) proportions(比例)、 (H) classic(經典著作)及 (I) those(那些),惟根據語意,(F) 項應為正選。
    c. proportion n. 比例
    衍: in proportion to...  與……成比例
    This chart shows how weight increases in proportion to height.
    這張圖表顯示體重增加值和身高增加值成正比。
  5. ..., Mattel spent two years under the codename "Project Dawn" to revamp Barbie's classic shape.
    ……美泰兒花了兩年的時間以代號『破曉計劃』之名來改造芭比的經典外形。
    理由:
    a. 空格前有所有格 Barbie's(芭比的),空格後有名詞 shape(外形),得知空格應置形容詞以修飾 shape。
    b. 選項中為形容詞的僅剩 (H) classic(經典的),置入後亦符合語意,故為正選。
    c. classic a. 經典的;典型的
    Jane Austen's Pride and Prejudice is considered a classic novel.
    珍‧奧斯汀的《傲慢與偏見》被視為經典小說。
  6. We live in a world where advertisements, magazines, and more that have been touched up surround us, providing unrealistic standards of beauty.
    我們生活在一個身邊廣告、雜誌與其他更多東西都被修改過的世界,提供了不切實際美的標準。
    理由:
    a. 空格前有表地方的先行詞 a world(世界),空格後有一子句,得知空格應置關係副詞 where(= in which)以引導該形容詞子句。
    This is the house where I once lived.
    這就是我曾經住過的房子。
    b. 根據上述用法,(E) 項應為正選。
  7. Research has shown that children are affected by the wrong images around them, which can harm their self-image and worth for years afterwards.
    研究顯示,孩童會受到周圍錯誤印象的影響,這在之後幾年可能會損害他們的自我形象與自我價值。
    理由:
    a. 本題測試以下固定用法:
    be affected by...  被……所影響∕侵襲
    The audience in the movie theater were affected by the lack of air-conditioning.
    電影院中的觀眾因沒有空調而受到影響。
    b. 根據上述用法,(B) 項應為正選。
  8. In July 2015, a study discovered that children as young as eight in the UK were dissatisfied with their bodies and 40% of adolescent girls regularly dieted.
    2015 年七月,一項研究發現英國年僅八歲的孩童對他們的身體不甚滿意,且 40% 的少女經常節食。
    理由:
    a. 空格前有名詞詞組 adolescent girls(少女),空格後有不及物動詞 dieted(節食),得知空格應置副詞以修飾 dieted。
    b. 選項中為副詞的僅有 (C) regularly(經常地),置入後亦符合語意,故為正選。
    c. regularly adv. 經常地;規律地
    You should have your teeth checked regularly.
    你應該定期檢查牙齒。
  9. While many say that this change has come too late, several charities that promote body confidence and assist those struggling with eating disorders have welcomed these new dolls.
    儘管許多人說這個改變來得太晚,數個提倡身體自信與協助對抗飲食失調的慈善組織都很歡迎這些新的娃娃。
    理由:
    a. 空格前有及物動詞 assist(協助),空格後有現在分詞 struggling(對抗)形成的形容詞片語,得知空格應置名詞或代名詞以作 assist 的受詞。
    b. 選項中符合上述的僅剩 (I) those(那些),置入後亦符合語意,故為正選。
    本句實等於:"... and assist those who are struggling with eating disorders...
    c. those pron. 那些
    Those who are going camping please gather at the gate.
    那些要去露營的人請在大門口集合。
  10. ... "It's so important that young people embrace diversity and feel happy with who they are, and the dolls could really help that."
    ……『年輕人擁抱多樣性並對真正的自己感到滿意是很重要的,而且這些娃娃在這一方面真的有幫助。』
    理由:
    a. 空格前有名詞詞組 young people(年輕人),空格後亦有名詞 diversity(多樣性),得知空格應置及物動詞。
    b. 選項中為及物動詞的僅剩 (G) embrace(擁抱),置入後亦符合語意,故為正選。
    c. embrace vt. 擁抱;欣然接受
    Many people have embraced bike riding as a way to reduce air pollution.
    許多人都欣然接受騎自行車來當作減少空氣污染的一種方法。

精解字詞
  1. makeover n.(改頭換面的)裝扮,改造
    Marsha was transformed into a great beauty after a three-hour makeover.
    經過三個小時的改造後,瑪莎變身成為大美女。
  2. criticize vt. 批評
    Reviewers have criticized this movie for having too much violence.
    影評人批評這部電影太過暴力。
  3. realistic a. 實際的,務實的
    反: unrealistic a. 不切實際的
    Joseph needs to be realistic about the fact that he has no chance of dating Jessica.
    喬瑟夫必須現實點,知道自己根本沒機會與潔西卡約會。
    It is unrealistic to expect everything to get better at once.
    期待每件事能立即改善是不切實際的。
  4. reflect vt. 反映
    David's behavior reflects the changing attitudes of today's young people.
    大衛的行為反映了現今年輕人態度的轉變。
  5. diversity n. 多樣性
    衍: diverse a. 各種各樣的;不同的
    The university campus has a wide diversity of students from all parts of the globe.
    大學校園擁有許多來自全球各地不同的學生。
    The city's diverse population makes life colorful.
    這座城市的多樣化人口使得生活多采多姿。
  6. original a. 原先的,最初的
    衍: origin n. 起源
    The original plan was replaced with a much more effective one.
    原先的計劃被一個更有效率的計劃給取代了。
    I am currently researching the origins of jazz music.
    我目前正在研究爵士樂的起源。
  7. overtake vt. 超越,趕上(三態為:overtake, overtook, overtaken。)
    Judy overtook the lead runner in the last lap to win the race.
    茱蒂在最後一圈超越領先的跑者而贏得比賽。
    *lap n.(競技場)一圈;大腿
  8. conscious a. 有意識的,關注的
    People nowadays are more environmentally conscious than before.
    人們如今較以往更有環保意識。
  9. discover vt. 發現
    衍: discovery n. 發現
    The artifacts that were recently discovered here date back thousands of years.
    最近在此處發現的古代文物可追溯至數千年前。
    The discovery of this new cancer drug is significant for treatment.
    這種新癌症藥品的發現對治療十分重要。
  10. promote vt. 促進,提倡
    That company is trying to promote a new kind of coffee.
    那家公司正試著宣傳一種新咖啡。
  11. assist vt. 幫助,協助
    衍: assist / aid sb in...  在……方面協助某人
    My father assisted me in putting the bookcase together.
    我爸爸幫忙我組裝這個書架。
  12. campaign n.(為達某種目標的)運動,活動
    衍: launch a campaign  發起活動
    The groups are going to launch a campaign against corruption.
    那些團體準備要發起反貪污運動。
    *corruption n. 貪污,腐敗

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