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26
Wednesday
  Halloween Fundraising for UNICEF 不給糖就搗蛋!
by Ivy Liu
One of the most successful trick-or-treat traditions carries on to this day.
其中一項最成功的不給糖就搗蛋傳統持續進行至今日。

(右鍵可另存)

  Many children are familiar with going from door to door on Halloween to collect sweets in their neighborhood and indulging in their stash of candy later at home. _(1)_ In some parts of the world, children are sent out on All Hallows' Eve carrying little orange cardboard boxes with the iconic words "Trick-or-Treat for UNICEF" on them. One may ask what a respectable organization such as UNICEF, the United Nations Children's Emergency Fund, which helps millions of children all over the world, has to do with a Halloween tradition. It all started from the time UNICEF was created when World War II came to an end in Europe to provide assistance to children in countries damaged by the war. _(2)_
  The Trick-or-Treat for UNICEF fundraising program started in 1950 in Philadelphia by Clyde Allison, a local priest, and his wife to help raise money for children in impoverished areas. _(3)_ Nowadays, donating US$5 to UNICEF can give a child five days of food. Children have collected over US$175 million since the establishment of the campaign. The program has also worked very well outside the US. _(4)_
  Last year, Trick-or-Treat for UNICEF celebrated its 65th anniversary by collaborating with Peanuts, which also turned 65. _(5)_ Thus, beloved characters like Charlie Brown and Snoopy will inspire children to be part of a worthy campaign that actively helps save children's lives all over the world.

(A) The organization now works in more than 190 countries and strives to protect children from preventable deaths.
(B) It became very popular in Canada, and in 2001, it was introduced to Hong Kong.
(C) However, the candy-harvesting day can be a child's first charitable experience, too.
(D) According to reports, food and medicine are running out and clean water is in short supply.
(E) Back then, a dime could provide 50 glasses of milk to children.
(F) In November, The Peanuts Movie was released, introducing the entire Peanuts gang to a whole new generation of children.

原來如此
  1. 第一題空格應選 (C)
    理由:
    a. 空格前一句提及 "Many children are familiar with going from door to door on Halloween to collect sweets in their neighborhood and indulging in their stash of candy later at home."(很多孩童對於萬聖節期間在他們的社區挨家挨戶地收集糖果,並於稍後返家時盡情享受他們所收來的糖果相當熟悉。),而 (C) 項句子提及 "However, the candy-harvesting day can be a child's first charitable experience, too."(然而,這個糖果豐收日也可以成為孩童的第一次慈善體驗。),前一句的 sweets(糖果)與 (C) 項句子的 candy(糖果)互相呼應,故形成關聯。
    b. 根據上述,(C) 項應為正選。
    大補丸:
    a. harvesting a. 收穫的
    b. charitable a. 慈善的
  2. 第二題空格應選 (A)
    理由:
    a. 空格前一句提及 "It all started from the time UNICEF was created when World War II came to an end in Europe to provide assistance to children in countries damaged by the war."(這全都起源於聯合國兒童基金會創立之時(當時二戰於歐洲結束),這是為了向受到該戰爭摧殘之國家內的兒童提供協助。),而 (A) 項句子提及 "The organization now works in more than 190 countries and strives to protect children from preventable deaths."(該組織目前在一百九十幾個國家中運作並力求保護兒童免於可避免的死亡。),(A) 項句子的 The organization(該組織)指的即是前一句的 UNICEF(聯合國兒童基金會);而前一句的 provided assistance to children(向兒童提供協助)與 (A) 項句子的 protect children(保護兒童)互相呼應,故為正選。
    b. 根據上述,(A) 項應為正選。
    大補丸:
    a. strive to V  努力(做)……
    衍: strive vi. 努力(三態為:strive, strove, striven。)
    Mark has been striving to raise his grades for over a year.
    馬克一年多來一直努力提昇他的成績。
    b. protect... from...  保護……免於……
    My goal in life is to protect my family from harm.
    我的人生目標是保護我的家庭不受傷害。
    c. preventable a. 可避免的
  3. 第三題空格應選 (E)
    理由:
    a. 空格前一句提及 "The Trick-or-Treat for UNICEF fundraising program started in 1950 in Philadelphia by Clyde Allison, a local priest, and his wife to help raise money for children in impoverished areas."(『聯合國兒童基金會 ── 不給糖就搗蛋』募款計劃是由一位費城當地的牧師克萊德.艾里森和他的妻子在費城於 1950 年所創立的,旨在協助為身處貧困地區的孩童募款。),而 (E) 項的句子提及 "Back then, a dime could provide 50 glasses of milk to children."(當時,十美分可以提供孩童五十杯牛奶。),前一句的 in 1950(1950 年)與 (E) 項句子的 Back then(當時)互相呼應,故形成關聯。
    b. 根據上述,(E) 項應為正選。
    大補丸:
    a. dime n. 十美分
    b. penny n. 一分錢(便士)
    c. nickel n. 五分錢;鎳
    d. quarter n. 二十五分
  4. 第四題空格應選 (B)
    理由:
    a. 空格前一句提及 "The program has also worked very well outside the US."(該計劃在美國以外的地區也進行得相當順利。),而 (B) 項的句子提及 "It became very popular in Canada, and in 2001, it was introduced to Hong Kong."(它在加拿大廣受歡迎,且在 2001 年時被引進香港。),(B) 項句子的 Canada(加拿大)和 Hong Kong(香港)即是舉例說明前一句的 outside the US(美國以外的地區),故為正選。
    b. 根據上述,(B) 項應為正選。
    大補丸:
    be introduced to + 地方  被引進某地
    Pineapples were introduced to Hawaii in the early 19th century.
    鳳梨於十九世紀初被引進夏威夷。
  5. 第五題空格應選 (F)
    理由:
    a. 空格前一句提及 "Last year, Trick-or-Treat for UNICEF celebrated its 65th anniversary by collaborating with Peanuts, which also turned 65."(去年,『聯合國兒童基金會 ── 不給糖就搗蛋』藉由與《史努比》合作來慶祝它六十五週年慶,《史努比》也同樣剛滿六十五歲。),而 (F) 項的句子提及 "In November, The Peanuts Movie was released, introducing the entire Peanuts gang to a whole new generation of children."(在十一月,《史努比》電影上映並且向新一代的孩童介紹全體《史努比》陣容。),前一句的 Peanuts(《史努比》)與 (F) 項句子的 The Peanuts Movie(《史努比》電影)互相呼應,故形成關聯。
    b. 根據上述,(F) 項應為正選。
    大補丸:
    a. release vt. 發行;發表
    b. gang n. 一夥;幫派(本文引申為陣容)

精解字詞
  1. fundraising n. 募款
    Tom asked everyone to help with his fundraising event.
    湯姆請每個人在他的募款活動中幫忙。
  2. trick-or-treat n. 不給糖就搗蛋
  3. collect vt. 收集;收藏
    Ever since she was a kid, my sister has collected seashells.
    我妹妹從小就收集貝殼。
  4. iconic a. 指標性的,代表性的
    That iconic logo is easily recognized everywhere in the world.
    那個指標性的商標在世界上任何地方都很容易認得出來。
  5. respectable a. 值得尊敬的
    During class, you should conduct yourself in a respectable fashion.
    上課時,你的行為舉止應該要讓人值得尊敬。
  6. assistance n. 幫助,援助
    衍: come to one's assistance  前往幫助某人
    I was hoping that someone would come to my assistance when I was lost.
    我當時很希望有人可以在我迷路時來幫助我。
  7. donate vt. 捐獻
    A small percentage of the company's revenue was donated to charity.
    該公司捐出一小部份的收入給慈善機構。
    *revenue n. 收入,收益
  8. establishment n. 建立,設立
    衍: establish vt. 建立(= set up...)
    The committee is working toward the establishment of a home for the elderly.
    該委員會正在推動一間老人院的設立。
    Mr. Wang is establishing a charity to help the poor.
    王先生正在籌設一個慈善機構來幫助窮人。
  9. beloved a. 被喜愛的,受鍾愛的
    衍: be beloved of / by...  受……所深愛
    Our teacher is beloved of all his students.
    我們的老師受他所有學生愛戴。
  10. campaign n.(社會、宣傳)運動 & vi. 從事運動
    衍: launch a campaign 發起一項宣傳活動
    campaign for...  為……而發起∕從事活動
    The organizations are going to launch a campaign against sexual harassment.
    這些組織準備要發起一個反性騷擾的運動。
    *sexual harassment  性騷擾
    Let's campaign for better lunches in the school cafeteria.
    咱們發起活動爭取學校自助餐廳供應更棒的午餐吧。
  11. actively adv. 主動地
    反: passively adv. 被動地

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單字小舖

sweets n. 甜食(恆用複數,不可數)
衍: enjoy sweets  愛吃甜食(= have a sweet tooth)
stash n. 一批儲藏物
cardboard n. 硬紙板
priest n. 牧師
衍: preacher n. 傳教士,佈道的牧師
impoverished a. 貧困的

片語小舖
  1. carry on(...)  繼續(……)
    Life will carry on even if you lose your loved ones.
    即使失去所愛,日子還是要過下去。
  2. to this day  迄今
  3. from door to door  挨家挨戶地
  4. indulge in...  沉迷於……
  5. have to do with...  與……有關
    反: have nothing to do with...  與……沒有關係
  6. come to an end  結束,接近尾聲
    Everyone hopes that the economic crisis will come to an end soon.
    每個人都希望這次的經濟危機能快點結束。
  7. collaborate with...  和……合作
    Most singers like to collaborate with rappers nowadays.
    現在大部份歌星都喜歡和饒舌歌手合作。

中文翻譯&標準答案


不給糖就搗蛋!
其中一項最成功的不給糖就搗蛋傳統持續進行至今日。

  很多孩童對於萬聖夜期間在他們的社區挨家挨戶地收集糖果,並於稍後返家時盡情享用他們所收來的糖果相當熟悉。然而,這個糖果豐收日也可以成為孩童的第一次慈善體驗。在世界上某些地區,孩子們在萬聖節前夕被派出去,拿著小小的橘色紙盒,上面印有『聯合國兒童基金會 ── 不給糖就搗蛋』的標誌性字詞。或許有人會問像聯合國兒童基金會(UNICEF)這樣幫助世界各地孩童、備受尊崇的組織和萬聖夜傳統有何關係。這全都起源於聯合國兒童基金會創立之時(當時二戰於歐洲結束),這是為了向受到該戰爭摧殘之國家內的兒童提供協助。該組織目前在一百九十幾個國家中運作並力求保護兒童免於可避免的死亡。

  『聯合國兒童基金會 ── 不給糖就搗蛋』募款計劃是由一位費城當地的牧師克萊德.艾里森和他的妻子在費城於 1950 年所創立的,旨在協助為身處貧困地區的孩童募款。當時,十美分可以提供孩童五十杯牛奶。現今,捐款五美元給聯合國兒童基金會可以為一位孩童提供五天份的食物。自從該活動創辦以來,孩童們已募集了一億七千五百多萬美元。該計劃在美國以外的地區也進行得相當順利。它在加拿大廣受歡迎,且在 2001 年時被引進香港。

  去年,『聯合國兒童基金會 ── 不給糖就搗蛋』藉由與《史努比》合作來慶祝它六十五週年慶,《史努比》也同樣剛滿六十五歲。在十一月,《史努比》電影上映並且向新一代的孩童介紹全體《史努比》陣容。因此,像是查理‧布朗和史努比等備受愛戴的角色將會鼓舞孩童們加入一個值得參加的活動,這樣的活動可以積極幫忙拯救世界各地孩童的性命。

答案:1. C 2. A 3. E 4. B 5. F
























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