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Wednesday
 
  Mission Critical  危險任務
by Marcus Maurice & Ivy Liu
NGC photographers travel to all parts of the world to raise awareness on dire issues, such as wildlife conservation.
國家地理頻道的攝影師跑遍世界各地,為的是要喚起大眾對諸如野生動物保育等迫切問題的關注。

(右鍵可另存)

  Steve Winter is one of the best photographers National Geographic has. He truly cares about the animals that he photographs and believes that a single photo can change the world. His mission is to bring big cats, including leopards and cougars, to the forefront. Winter took a picture of a cougar near the Hollywood sign in California, and everyone thought it was photoshopped. This particular picture has raised awareness of the struggles facing big cats and other animals in urban environments. Talks of conservation, such as building a wildlife tunnel across one of the busiest highways in the world for cougars, have been discussed. It was because of this single photo that led to him working on Mission Critical: Leopards at the Door for National Geographic Channel (NGC).
  In Mission Critical, Winter's goal is to photograph the leopards of Mumbai, India, living close to the city with a population of around 24 million people. Winter finds the perfect spot on a walkway near an apartment complex and has his crew go to work. They build a camera rig with bamboo scaffolding, and then they attach cameras and lights to the branches. This way, some stunning shots can be easily captured at leopard level. The big cats only come out at night, so Winter must remotely work using infrared sensors.
  To get the perfect shot, Winter typically has to wait months on end. Eventually, he gets his shots for Mission Critical as the biggest leopard of the bunch, Big Daddy, shows up on the walkway. Those dedicated to filming these beautiful, mighty creatures firmly believe that photography can make the future of coexistence between big cats and humans in urban places possible. With this enlightening show, people can better understand why NGC's photographers love what they do and how these types of pictures hold the power to change the world.



精解字詞
  1. mission n. 任務
  2. critical a. 危急的;關鍵性的,極重要的
    衍: be in critical condition  處於危急的狀況
    be in stable condition  處於穩定的狀況
    The patient is still in critical condition so he is being monitored day and night.
    病人的情況仍然危急,所以日夜都受到監控。
    Efficient management is of critical importance to a successful company.
    有效率的管理對一家成功的公司至關重要。
  3. photographer n. 攝影師
    衍: photography n. 攝影業;攝影術
    photograph n. 相片,照片(常縮寫為 photo)& vt. 照相
    photogenic a. 上鏡頭的
    take a photograph of...  拍……的照片
    take a photograph for sb  代替某人(做)拍照(的工作)
    Helen does not like to be photographed.
    海倫不喜歡拍照。
    Sally is a very photogenic girl.
    莎莉是一個非常上鏡的女孩。
    Clara loves to take photographs of old buildings.
    克蕾拉喜歡拍古老建築物的照片。
    When you go to Paris, can you take a photograph of the Eiffel Tower for me?
    你去巴黎時能不能幫我拍一張艾菲爾鐵塔的照片?
  4. dire a. 極度的;極嚴重的,可怕的
    衍: be in dire straits  處於困境
    We were in dire straits and had no one to turn to for help.
    我們身陷困境,並且求助無門。
  5. conservation n. 保育;保護
    衍: conserve vt. 保育;節約(自然資源)
    The international conservation group condemned the poachers for killing endangered animals.
    該國際保育團體譴責盜獵者殺害瀕臨絕種的動物。
    *poacher n. 盜獵者
    New laws have been regulated to conserve wildlife in that mountain area.
    政府已制定新的法規以保育該山區的野生生物。
    You should try to conserve water when you brush your teeth.
    你刷牙時應盡量節約用水。
  6. photoshop vt. 用 Photoshop 軟體編輯圖片 & n.(大寫)一套數位影像軟體
  7. struggle n. 掙扎;難事 & vi. 努力;掙扎
    衍: struggle to V  努力……
    struggle for / against...  努力爭取∕對抗……
    Climbing up the mountain was a struggle, but I'm glad I made it.
    登頂真是難事,但我很高興我做到了。
    There are many families struggling to survive on low incomes.
    有許多家庭靠著微薄的收入努力過活。
    The puppy struggled for hours to break free from the cage.
    那隻小狗狗掙扎了好幾個小時想要掙脫這個籠子。
  8. complex n. 綜合樓群;情結 & a. 複雜的
  9. crew n. 全體工作人員(集合名詞,不可數)
    衍: a crew of 20 / 50  二十∕五十位工作人員
    We have a crew of 20 on our ship.
    = We have 20 crew members on our ship.
    我們船上一共有二十位工作人員。
  10. typically adv. 通常,典型地
    Typically, I enjoy going to the movies on Sunday afternoons.
    我通常喜歡在星期天下午去看場電影。
  11. mighty a. 強有力的
    同: powerful a.
    Terry was a mighty man who could lift a car off the ground.
    泰瑞是一名能把汽車舉離地面的大力士。
  12. enlightening a. 有啟迪作用的;具啟發性的
    衍: enlighten vt. 啟發
    enlighten sb on sth  啟發某人某事
    The conversation with my grandmother was rather enlightening.
    和我奶奶的一席談話對我深具啟發性。
    The speech enlightened us on the importance of recycling.
    那場演說啟發我們明白回收的重要性。

片語小舖
  1. bring... to the forefront  使……成為關注焦點
  2. attach A to B  將 A 繫在∕固定在 B 上
    attach vt. 繫住;固定;使附著
    衍: be attached to...  被固定在∕附著在⋯⋯上
    Jerry attached the speakers to his laptop.
    傑瑞將喇叭接到他的筆記型電腦。
    There is a trailer attached to this truck.
    這輛卡車連結著一輛拖車。
    *trailer n. 拖車
  3. on end  連續地(不與數字並用)
    比較  in a row  連續地(與數字並用)
    Jim sometimes plays computer games for days on end.
    吉姆有時候會連續玩好幾天的電腦遊戲。
    Poor Chris was sick for five days in a row last week.
    可憐的克里斯上星期一連病了五天。
  4. be dedicated to N/V-ing  致力於(做)……
    同: be devoted to N/V-ing
    = dedicate oneself to N/V-ing
    = devote oneself to N/V-ing
    = commit oneself to N/V-ing
    衍: devote A to B  將 A 奉獻給∕致力於 B
    The firefighters were dedicated to rescuing the people from the burning building.
    消防隊員們盡全力搶救身陷失火大樓的人。
    Dr. Chen has devoted himself to researching lung cancer for the past 20 years.
    陳醫生過去二十年來一直致力於研究肺癌。
    Dr. Robinson devoted his whole life to taking care of the poor.
    羅賓遜醫生把他的一生都奉獻在照顧窮人上。


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單字小舖

leopard n. 花豹,美洲豹
cougar n. 美洲獅
tunnel n. 隧道,地道
衍: channel n. 水道
rig n. 承架;裝備
scaffolding n. 鷹架
infrared a. 紅外線的
衍: ultraviolet a. 紫外線的
bunch n. 一群;一束
衍: a bunch of...  一群∕一束……
coexistence n. 共存

中文翻譯&標準答案


危險任務
國家地理頻道的攝影師跑遍世界各地,為的是要喚起大眾對諸如野生動物保育等迫切問題的關注。
  史蒂芬.溫特是《國家地理雜誌》中最出色的攝影師之一。他真正關心他所拍攝的動物,並且相信單是一張照片就能改變這個世界。他的使命就是讓大型貓科動物(包括花豹和美洲獅)成為關注焦點。溫特在加州鄰近好萊塢標誌的地方拍了一張美洲獅的照片,大家都認為這張照片經過影像處理。這張特別的照片已經喚起大眾對大型貓科動物和其他動物在都市環境中面臨生存困境的注意。人們早已在探討保育話題,像是為美洲獅打造一條橫跨世上最繁忙高速公路之一的野生動物通道等。就是因為這麼一張照片讓他得以為國家地理頻道中的《危險任務:美洲豹零距離》單元擔綱拍攝工作。

  在《危險任務》單元中,溫特的目標是拍攝生活在鄰近印度孟買這座擁有約兩千四百萬人口城市的花豹。溫特在靠近公寓大樓的人行道上找到了一個絕佳的拍攝地點,並讓他的組員著手工作。他們用竹製鷹架建造一個攝影機承架,然後將攝影機與燈光架到竹子分支上。這樣一來,便能輕易捕捉某些以花豹為水平高度的驚艷鏡頭。這些大型貓科動物僅於夜晚出沒,因此溫特必須在偏遠處使用紅外線感應器來工作。

  為了捕捉到完美鏡頭,溫特通常得連續等上幾個月。最終,整群花豹裡頭體型最大的一隻(名為大老爹)出現在人行道上時,他為《危險任務》捕捉到了一些畫面。致力於拍攝這些展現力與美的動物的人們堅信,攝影能讓生存在都市地區的大型貓科動物與人類未來的共存成為可能。透過這個有啟迪作用的節目,大家會更明白為何國家地理頻道的攝影師熱愛他們的工作,並了解這些類型的照片如何擁有改變世界的力量。

註:本篇文章中文標題為暫譯,正式節目名稱及播出時間請見國家地理頻道官網。
















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