您的位置在:首頁 > 免費電子報 > 電子報內容
解析電子報6月號 - 漢密爾頓 引爆百老匯
回首頁會員登入 購物車查詢 Q&A聯絡我們
 
8
Wednesday
 
  A Hip-Hop Twist on American History  漢密爾頓 引爆百老匯
by Igor Bagrov
Hip-hop culture conquers the past.
嘻哈文化征服了過去。

(右鍵可另存)

  In the summer of 2015, Broadway was smitten with a new musical called Hamilton. Blending hip-hop and history, the show has received enthusiastic critical _(1)_ and unprecedented box office success only a few months after its first appearance on Broadway.
  The story is built on true facts from the life and political activity of one of America's _(2)_ Fathers, Alexander Hamilton, a famous fighter for America's independence, talented politician, financier, and an influential lawyer. The plot of the musical is based on his _(3)_ published in 2004 by Ron Chernow. Viewers _(4)_ to see the protagonist's younger years, his marriage, the beginning of his revolutionary activities, his rise to power in the George Washington administration, and his political struggle against his opponents. His untimely death in 1804 at the hand of Aaron Burr, an unsuccessful presidential candidate, who _(5)_ Hamilton to a duel and mortally wounded him, becomes the focal point of the show.
  The costumes and the set may help viewers to imagine the epoch when the events _(6)_, but all the dialogues are arranged as musical numbers in a modern hip-hop style, which will appeal to rap lovers. Even one of the critics said, "I am _(7)_ to tell people to mortgage their houses and lease13 their children to acquire tickets to a hit Broadway show but Hamilton might just about be worth it." While Hamilton's live stage production should be required viewing for every American citizen, listening to its exhilarating recording is a much more practical, yet just as enjoyable, stand-in.

1. A) boost  (B) acclaim  (C) dispute  (D) request
2. (A) Founder  (B) Found  (C) Founding  (D) Founded
3. (A) publicity  (B) expertise  (C) revelation  (D) biography
4. (A) get  (B) set  (C) grow  (D) come
5. (A) persuaded  (B) obliged  (C) challenged  (D) tempted
6. (A) put off   (B) took place  (C) cut out  (D) dug into
7. (A) loath  (B) sympathetic  (C) attracted  (D) admitted



原來如此
  1. Blending hip-hop and history, the show has received enthusiastic critical acclaim and unprecedented box office success only a few months after its first appearance on Broadway.
    這場表演融合了嘻哈與歷史,它在百老匯首次亮相後僅僅幾個月就已獲得熱烈好評,在票房上也取得史無前例的成功。
    理由:
    a. (A) boost n. 提振
    The struggling economy needs a boost from the government.
    低迷的經濟需要政府的提振。
    (B) acclaim n. & vt. 讚揚,稱讚
    Rachel's innovative photography won her worldwide acclaim.
    瑞秋創新的攝影手法贏得了全世界的讚譽。
    The writer's work has been acclaimed as the best of its genre.
    那位作家的作品被譽為該文類中的箇中翹楚。
    *genre n.(音樂、文藝作品等)類型
    (C) dispute n. 爭執,糾紛
    The couple had a dispute over how to educate their child.
    這對夫婦針對如何教育孩子一事起了爭執。
    (D) request n. 要求
    衍: at sb's request / at the request of sb  依某人的要求
    Our new product was made at the request of our customers.
    我們的新商品是應顧客要求製作出來的。
    b. 根據語意,(B) 項應為正選。
  2. The story is built on true facts from the life and political activity of one of America's Founding Fathers, Alexander Hamilton...
    這個故事是依據美國開國元勛之一亞歷山大‧漢密爾頓的一生及政治活動的真實事蹟所建構而成的……
    理由:
    a. 本題測試以下固定用法:
    Founding Father  (參加 1787 年美國制憲會議的)制憲元勛,開國元勛(大寫);創建人
    The Founding Fathers of the United States include George Washington, Thomas Jefferson, and Benjamin Franklin.
    美國的開國元勛包括了喬治‧華盛頓、湯瑪斯‧傑佛遜及班傑明‧富蘭克林。
    b. 根據上述用法,(C) 項應為正選。
  3. The plot of the musical is based on his biography published in 2004 by Ron Chernow.
    音樂劇的情節以他的傳記為基礎,該傳記由羅恩‧徹諾於 2004 年所出版。
    理由:
    a. (A) publicity n. 名氣;公開;宣傳
    Few attended the concert because of bad publicity.
    因為宣傳不好,來看這場演唱會的人寥寥無幾。
    (B) expertise n. 專業知識
    Peter's expertise in pottery has won him great fame.
    彼得在陶藝方面的專業知識使他聲名大噪。
    *pottery n. 陶藝;陶器
    (C) revelation n. 揭露
    The mayor resigned soon after revelations about the embezzlement.
    市長在挪用公款案被揭露後不久就辭職了。
    *embezzlement n. 挪用公款
    (D) biography n. 傳記
    Dr. Wilson authorized Nick to write his biography.
    威爾森博士授權尼克為他的傳記執筆。
    b. 根據語意,(D) 項應為正選。
  4. Viewers get to see the protagonist's younger years, his marriage, the beginning of his revolutionary activities, his rise to power in the George Washington administration, and his political struggle against his opponents.
    觀眾能看到主角的年輕歲月、婚姻、革命活動的源起、在喬治‧華盛頓政府崛起掌權以及與其對手的政治鬥爭。
    理由:
    a. 本題測試以下固定用法:
    get to V  能有機會(做)……
    I never have time to go to the movie theater, but once in a while, I do get to watch TV.
    我從來沒有時間去電影院,但偶爾能看看電視。
    b. 根據上述用法,(A) 項應為正選。
  5. His untimely death in 1804 at the hand of Aaron Burr, an unsuccessful presidential candidate, who challenged Hamilton to a duel and mortally wounded him, becomes the focal point of the show.
    英年早逝的他於 1804 年喪生於艾倫‧伯爾(一位向漢密爾頓下戰帖進行決鬥,並對他造成致命傷害的落選總統候選人)之手,成為整齣劇的焦點。
    理由:
    a. 本題測試以下固定用法:
    challenge sb to N/V  向某人挑戰(做)……
    Mike challenged me to a game of chess.
    邁克向我挑戰下一盤西洋棋。
    b. 其他選項:
    (A) persuade vt. 說服
    衍: persuade sb to V  說服某人(做)??
    (B) oblige vt. 迫使;使負義務
    衍: oblige sb to V  迫使某人……
    (D) tempt vt. 引誘
    衍: tempt sb to V  誘使某人做……
    c. 根據語意及用法,(C) 項應為正選。
  6. The costumes and the set may help viewers to imagine the epoch when the events took place...
    服裝和舞臺佈景能幫助觀眾想像當時事件發生的時代……理由:
    a. (A) put off... / put... off  把……延期
    同: postpone vt.
    The meeting was put off until next week.
    該會議延期到下週。
    (B) take place  發生;舉行
    Our charity auction will take place this Friday.
    我們的慈善拍賣會將於本週五舉行。
    *auction n. 拍賣(會)
    (C) cut out... / cut... out  戒除……
    Ted has made up his mind to cut out alcohol from his life.
    泰德已下定決心要一輩子戒酒。
    (D) dig into...  津津有味地吃……
    Jerry dug into his lunch as soon as he found a seat in the cafeteria.
    傑瑞在自助餐廳一找到座位後就開始埋頭吃午餐。
    b. 根據語意,(B) 項應為正選。
  7. Even one of the critics said, "I am loath to tell people to mortgage their houses and lease their children to acquire tickets to a hit Broadway show...
    甚至其中一位劇評還表示:『我很不願意叫大家去抵押自己的房子並把自家的孩子出借以獲得一齣熱門百老匯音樂劇的門票……
    理由:
    a. (A) loath a. 不願意的(= unwilling)
    衍: be loath to V  不願意(做)……
    My brother is loath to get out of bed on cold mornings.
    我弟弟不願意在寒冷的早晨起床。
    (B) sympathetic a. 同情的
    衍: be sympathetic to...  對……表示同情
    I am sympathetic to those who lost loved ones in that tragic accident.
    我很同情那些在這起慘烈的事故中失去摯愛的人。
    (C) attracted a. 被吸引的
    衍: be attracted to sb/sth  受某人∕物吸引
    I was attracted to the exotic scenery on that island.
    那座島上的異國風景很吸引我。
    (D) admitted a. 被獲准的
    衍: be admitted to...  獲准進入……
    Only 5% of the applicants are admitted to the university.
    只有 5% 的申請者獲准進入該所大學。
    b. 根據語意,(A) 項應為正選。


粉絲團熱門話題 | hot topics
熱門活動 | hot event

雙喜臨門!狂賀常春藤中國掛牌成功!
◆ 賴世雄老師獲得知名網路電台人氣主播冠軍!賴老師得意門生Johnny老師也榮獲第五名喔!

歡慶常春藤28周年!全館任兩本75折!
◆ 單筆滿1,000現折100!最高折300元!
◆ 滿額1,000送「韓版旅行收納六件套」!滿2,000則送「真空悶燒罐」!滿3,000送「酷炫VR手機3D眼鏡」
◆ 滿額再抽「眼部按摩機」、「小資族必備快煮鍋」及「運動耳掛耳機」
2015全年12期雜誌限時下殺499
◆ 購買上半年度熱銷 TOP 28 單書再送典藏雜誌任乙本!

現正優惠47折!
WORK SMART!輕鬆成為必備人才!常春藤英語雜誌與哈佛商業週刊聯合訂閱!現正優惠47折!
常春藤28周年獨家獻禮!長訂唯一一檔75折!
訂半年就送「豬鼻立體加厚後背包」!訂一年則送「正韓STACCATO真皮錶」!再抽小資最愛實用小家電!
變身英語達人‧從『聽』免開始!獨家優惠!! 前進美國休士頓 NASA詹森大空中心,親眼目睹如電影場景般並深入了解太空人培訓內容,激勵學生勇敢設定人生目標並努力追求卓越!
優惠延長55折!
常春藤解析英語雜誌+Traveler旅人。時。光護眼枱燈聯訂優惠!
週年慶強檔,錯過再等3年!
常春藤英語雜誌搭配Wicked Raven 旅行者系列 頭戴式耳機!!讓您學習加分!
嚴選新書 | new arrival
 
   
 
 
精解字詞
  1. conquer vt. 征服;克服
    Roy finally conquered his drug habit with the help of his friends.
    在朋友的幫助之下,洛伊終於克服了毒癮。
    *with the help of...  有了……的幫助
  2. enthusiastic a. 狂熱的
    衍: be enthusiastic about...  對……熱衷
    The bottom line for this job is that you must be enthusiastic about writing.
    這份工作的基本要求就是,你必須對寫作有熱忱。
    *the bottom line  原指『帳本底線』,此處指『最後成效』或『基本要求』
  3. unprecedented a. 史無前例的
    衍: to unprecedented proportions  
    到達前所未有的程度
    Homelessness in that city has grown to unprecedented proportions.
    在那座城市,遊民的問題已嚴重到前所未有的程度。
  4. box office n. 票房
    The film is a huge success in terms of the box office.
    就票房而言,這部電影極為成功。
  5. influential a. 有影響力的
    Gail hopes to work for an influential publisher after graduating from college.
    蓋兒希望在大學畢業後能到一家具影響力的出版社工作。
  6. plot n.(小說、電影)情節,佈局
    This movie has an all-star cast, but the plot is terrible.
    這部電影全是大牌卡司,故事情節卻很糟。
  7. revolutionary a. 革命性的;創新的 & n. 革命家
  8. political struggle  政治鬥爭
    struggle n. & vi. 爭鬥;努力;掙扎
    衍: struggle to V  努力∕奮力(做)……
    After a fierce struggle, Darren got his bag back from the robber.
    經過一場激烈的搏鬥後,達倫把他的包包從搶匪那裡搶回來了。
    After being laid off, my brother struggled to stay afloat.
    我哥哥被裁員後努力度過財務困境。
    *stay afloat  度過財務困境
  9. untimely a. 過早的;不合時宜的
    Lena fell apart after the untimely death of her father.
    蕾娜的父親早逝之後,她整個人都崩潰了。
    *fall apart  崩潰;分解
  10. candidate n. 候選人;應徵者
    Before the interview, the candidate spent several minutes adjusting his tie.
    面試前,這位應徵者花了幾分鐘調整他的領帶。
  11. critic n. 評論家;愛挑剔的人
    衍: commentator n. 時事評論者
    faultfinder n. 吹毛求疵者
  12. mortgage vt. & n. 抵押
    Johnson has to mortgage his house to pay off his debts.
    強森必須抵押他的房子以償還債務。
  13. lease vt. 租借 & n. 租約
    The business center contains 35 rooms, about two thirds of which are leased to the city government.
    這棟商業中心有三十五個房間,當中大約三分之二已租借給市政府。
    Under the terms of the lease, we are not allowed to have pets in this apartment.
    租約條約中有規定,我們不得在這棟公寓內養寵物。

單字小舖

twist n. 改變(此處喻為『影響』)
financier n. 金融家
protagonist n. 主角
同: main / leading character
administration n.(某人執政時期的)政府
duel n. 決鬥
mortally adv. 致命地
epoch n. 時代
number n. 演奏樂曲
exhilarating a. 令人激動的
stand-in n. 代替人∕物;替身

片語小舖
  1. be smitten with...  為……神魂顛倒
    These girls are quite smitten with the singer's charm.
    這些女孩為該歌手的魅力所傾倒。
  2. become / be the focal point of...  成為∕是……的焦點
    focal a. 焦點的
    Reducing unemployment is the focal point of the government's plans.
    減少失業人數是政府計劃的重點。
  3. appeal to...  吸引……
    We're certain that this new album will appeal to all listeners, both young and old.
    我們確定這張專輯會老少咸宜。
  4. be worth it  很值得
    同: be worthwhile
    This restaurant is quite costly, but the food is worth it.
    這家餐廳很貴,但那裡的菜值得這種價格。
    *costly a. 昂貴的

中文翻譯&標準答案

漢密爾頓 引爆百老匯
嘻哈文化征服了過去。
  2015 年夏天,一齣名為《漢密爾頓》的新音樂劇令百老匯神魂顛倒。這場表演融合了嘻哈與歷史,它在百老匯首次亮相後僅僅幾個月就已獲得熱烈好評,在票房上也取得史無前例的成功。
  這個故事是依據美國開國元勛之一亞歷山大‧漢密爾頓的一生及政治活動的真實事蹟所建構而成的,他是一位著名的美國獨立鬥士、才華洋溢的政治家、金融家,還是一位舉足輕重的律師。音樂劇的情節以他的傳記為基礎,該傳記由羅恩‧徹諾於 2004 年所出版。觀眾能看到主角的年輕歲月、婚姻、革命活動的源起、在喬治‧華盛頓政府崛起掌權以及與其對手的政治鬥爭。英年早逝的他於 1804 年喪生於艾倫‧伯爾(一位向漢密爾頓下戰帖進行決鬥,並對他造成致命傷害的落選總統候選人)之手,成為整齣劇的焦點。
  服裝和舞臺佈景能幫助觀眾想像當時事件發生的時代,不過所有的對話皆以現代嘻哈風格按曲目來安排,這對饒舌愛好者來說吸引力十足。甚至其中一位劇評還表示:
『我很不願意叫大家去抵押自己的房子並把自家的孩子出借以獲得一齣熱門百老匯音樂劇的門票,但《漢密爾頓》大概就是這麼值得。』儘管每一位美國人都應該看看《漢密爾頓》的現場舞臺作品,不過聆聽其激動人心的錄製唱片卻也是更實際又同樣過癮的替代方式。
答案: 1. B 2. C 3. D 4. A 5. C 6. B 7. A

電話: 02-23317600
補習班、國中小、高中職及大專院校訂書:02-2331761138
諮詢專線:0800-581-568   傳真:02-2381-0918
地址:台北市中正區忠孝西路一段33號2樓 (台北火車站 捷運 M7號出口)
服務時間:週一至週五 上午09:00∼12:00 及 下午13:00∼17:30
(午休時間12:00∼13:00不提供服務或諮詢/國定假日/例假日無營業)
客服信箱: service@ivy.com.tw   網頁設計:中壹資訊
常春藤英语集团 (常春藤大陆唯一官方网站) www.ivytw.com
南宁北极熊咨询有限公司 / 台湾常春藤有声出版有限公司
地址:南宁市青秀区民族大道157号财富国际广场C区34栋402
电话: 0771-5710819 / QQ:2757750711 / 電子信箱:2757750711@qq.com