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9
Wednesday
  Kärcher Cleaning the World  凱馳 橫『掃』全球
by Daniel Howard
Kärcher is a cleaning product brand that does great things.
凱馳是一個從事非凡事業的清潔產品品牌。

(右鍵可另存)

  A German company founded in 1935, Kärcher is a world leader in cleaning technology. The company began when Alfred Kärcher invented a new machine for hardening metals. He then _(1)_ produce high-quality cleaning equipment, especially pressure washers.
  In the 1980s, the company was the first to make portable pressure washers for home and small business use. It has become a multi-billion dollar business with more than 10,000 employees. In _(2)_ for its success, and to make sure it is always pushing itself to improve, Kärcher began the cultural sponsorship program, which cleans monuments and landmarks for free.
  In the United Kingdom, Kärcher _(3)_ its pressure washer technology to the London Eye. Their crew members worked at night to get rid of years of dirt from air pollution and the oil that keeps the Eye spinning. The Kärcher team had to first _(4)_ everything by hand before rinsing the cleaned areas with a pressure washer.
  In the United States, the team was called in to clean the iconic Mount Rushmore. These huge faces carved into the side of a mountain posed unique _(5)_ to Kärcher employees. They had to wear harnesses and hang off the side of the mountain as they cleared moss from the _(6)_ Presidents.
  Kärcher has also worked to restore the Brandenburg Gate in Germany, the Statue of Liberty in the United States, the Colossi of Memnon in Egypt, and Christ the Redeemer in Brazil, to _(7)_ just a few. Altogether, Kärcher has cleaned and restored 90 landmarks in its years of operation, which shows that big businesses can sometimes make a big difference, too.

1. (A) went on to  (B) held on to  (C) gave in to  (D) tuned in to
2. (A) hatred  (B) exchange  (C) grief  (D) gratitude
3. (A) exposed  (B) limited  (C) applied  (D) awarded
4. (A) bend  (B) scrub  (C) stain  (D) toss
5. (A) challenges  (B) proposals  (C) necessities  (D) commands
6. (A) inferior  (B) brutal  (C) historic  (D) gloomy
7. (A) utter  (B) mean  (C) say  (D) name



原來如此
  1. He then went on to produce high-quality cleaning equipment, especially pressure washers.
    然後,他又接著生產高品質的清洗設備,尤其是高壓清洗機。
    理由:
    a. (A) go on to V  (做完某事)接著從事……
    同: proceed to V
    Despite starting her career in teaching, Kelly went on to become an editor.
    儘管凱莉一開始是投入教職,她接著成為了一名編輯。
    (B) hold on to sth  抓牢某物
    The old lady held on to the railing as she walked down the steps.
    那名老太太下樓梯時緊抓著扶手欄杆。
    *railing n. 欄杆
    (C) give in to sth  對某事讓步
    同: surrender to sth
    = concede to sth
    = yield to sth
    Mary quit her job instead of giving in to Mr. Smith's unreasonable demands.
    瑪莉不屈服於史密斯先生不合理的要求,而是辭去了那份工作。
    (D) tune in to...  收看∕收聽……
    Every morning, I tune in to FM100 for the news.
    每天早上我都會收聽 FM100 的新聞。
    b. 根據語意,(A) 項應為正選。
  2. In gratitude for its success, and to make sure it is always pushing itself to improve, Kärcher began the cultural sponsorship program...
    為了對自身企業的成功表達感激之意,並確保該公司始終都在鞭策自身進步,凱馳展開了文化贊助計劃……
    理由:
    a. (A) hatred n. 厭惡,憎恨
    Philip made no secret of his hatred of rapists.
    菲利普毫不掩飾他對強暴犯的厭惡。
    *make no secret of...  不隱瞞……
    rapist n. 強暴犯
    (B) exchange n. 交換
    衍: in exchange for...  以換取……
    I gave John my watch in exchange for his fountain pen.
    我把我的錶給約翰以換取他的鋼筆。
    *a fountain pen  鋼筆
    (C) grief n. 極度悲傷
    Jill suffered intense grief over her son's death.
    吉兒為她兒子的過世感到極度悲痛。
    (D) gratitude n. 感激
    衍: in gratitude for...  表示對……的感謝
    I must treat you to dinner in gratitude for what you've done for me.
    我一定要請妳吃頓晚餐,以對妳為我所付出的一切表達感激。
    b. 根據語意及用法,(D) 項應為正選。
  3. In the United Kingdom, Kärcher applied its pressure washer technology to the London Eye.
    在英國,凱馳將其高壓清洗機技術應用在倫敦眼的清潔上。
    理由:
    a. 本題測試以下固定用法:
    apply A to B  把 A 運用到 B
    Scientists are trying to apply solar technology to automobiles.
    科學家試圖將太陽能科技運用於汽車上。
    b. 其他選項:
    (A) expose A to B  使 A 接觸到 B
    To learn English well, you should expose yourself to it as often as possible.
    要想學好英文,你就應儘量多接觸它。
    (B) limit A to B  將 A 限制於 B
    Peter was asked to limit his speech on the education system to an hour.
    彼得被要求將其針對教育體系的演講時間限制在一小時內。
    (D) award A to B  將 A 頒給 B
    The principal awarded a trophy to the winning team.
    校長將獎杯頒給獲勝的球隊。
    *trophy n. 獎杯;戰利品
    c. 根據上述語意及用法,(C) 項應為正選。
  4. The Kärcher team had to first scrub everything by hand before rinsing the cleaned areas with a pressure washer.
    凱馳團隊必須先將所有東西以徒手擦洗,之後再用高壓清洗機把已擦拭過的區塊沖洗一遍。
    理由:
    a. (A) bend vt. 折彎 & vi. 彎下身來(三態為:bend, bent, bent。)
    衍: bend down  彎腰
    The strong man can bend a steel bar with his bare hands.
    那個大力士可以徒手折彎鋼條。
    Mandy bent down to kiss her daughter good-bye.
    曼蒂俯身和女兒吻別。
    (B) scrub vt. 擦洗;刷洗
    Dora tried to scrub the mark on the wall, but it wouldn't come off.
    朵拉試圖要將牆上的那道污痕刷掉,但就是清不掉。
    (C) stain vt. 玷污;弄髒 & n. 污點
    The child spilled juice on the floor and stained the new white rug his mother bought.
    那小孩將果汁打翻在地上,把他媽媽買的全新白地毯給弄髒了。
    (D) toss vt. 扔,擲,拋 & vi. 翻來覆去
    After reading the note, David crumpled it up and tossed it into the trash can.
    大衛看完那張紙條後,把它揉成一團丟到垃圾桶裡。
    *crumple vt. 弄皺
    Matt tossed and turned for hours, worrying about his interview in the morning.
    麥特輾轉反側好幾個小時,擔心早上的面試。
    b. 根據語意,(B) 項應為正選。
  5. These huge faces carved into the side of a mountain posed unique challenges to Kärcher employees.
    這些刻在山側的巨大臉孔帶給凱馳員工獨特的挑戰。
    理由:
    a. 本題測試以下固定用法:
    pose a challenge to...  給……帶來挑戰
    Rising food prices pose a serious challenge to society at large.
    食品價格不斷上漲給整個社會帶來嚴峻的挑戰。
    *at large  (用於名詞後)整個地
    b. 其他選項:
    (B) proposal n. 方案,提案
    (C) necessity n. 必需品
    (D) command n. 命令;指揮
    c. 根據上述語意及用法,(A) 項應為正選。
  6. They had to wear harnesses and hang off the side of the mountain as they cleared moss from the historic Presidents.
    他們在清理這幾位史上有名的總統臉上的苔蘚時必須得配戴安全帶並懸掛在山邊。
    理由:
    a. (A) inferior a. 低劣的,較差的
    反: superior a. 優秀的;比……好的
    This sequel is inferior to the original movie.
    這部電影的續集比第一集糟糕。
    The functions of my new cell phone are superior to those of my old one.
    我新手機的功能比舊的好。
    (B) brutal a. 殘忍的
    The government took extremely brutal measures to suppress the rebellion.
    該政府採取極度殘忍的手段以鎮壓叛變。
    *suppress vt. 鎮壓,壓制
    rebellion n. 叛亂
    (C) historic a. 歷史上著名的;歷史性的
    衍: historical a. 與歷史有關的
    It was on this historic spot that the battle was fought.
    那場戰役就是在這歷史上著名的地方開打的。
    The popular novel is based on historical events.
    這本當紅小說是根據歷史事件寫成的。
    (D) gloomy a. 憂鬱的;陰暗的(指天氣)
    Mary felt gloomy, so we all tried to lift her spirits.
    瑪麗心情不好,所以我們全想法子要讓她快樂起來。
    b. 根據語意,(C) 項應為正選。
  7. Kärcher has also worked to restore the Brandenburg Gate in Germany, the Statue of Liberty in the United States, the Colossi of Memnon in Egypt, and Christ the Redeemer in Brazil, to name just a few.
    凱馳也曾致力於將德國布蘭登堡門、美國自由女神像、埃及門農巨石像及巴西救世基督像復原,以上僅舉幾例。
    理由:
    a. 本題測試以下固定用法:
    to name just a few / couple  隨便舉幾個∕一、兩個例子
    Tissue paper, soap, and toothpaste are daily necessities, to name just a few.
    隨便舉幾個例子,衛生紙、肥皂及牙膏都是日用品。
    b. 根據上述用法,(D) 項應為正選。

精解字詞
  1. harden vt. 使變硬 & vi. 變硬
    反: soften vt. 使柔軟;軟化
    The sun hardened the mud on the road.
    太陽把路面上的泥巴曬硬了。
    My grandfather finally softened his stance on gay marriage.
    我外公看待同性婚姻的態度終於軟化了。
    *stance n. 態度;立場
  2. equipment n. 設備,裝備(不可數)
    注意
    one equipment (×)
    a piece of equipment (○)  一項設備
    You need special pieces of equipment in order to go scuba diving.
    你去深海潛水需要幾項特殊裝備。
  3. portable a. 便於攜帶的;手提式的
    Our product possesses the triple advantage of being inexpensive, portable, and easy to operate.
    我們的產品具有價格便宜、便於攜帶以及易於操作的三重優點。
    *triple a. 三重的;三倍的
  4. sponsorship n. 贊助,資助
    衍: sponsor vt. 資助,贊助 & n. 贊助者
    The TV show was exclusively sponsored by Honda.
    這個電視節目由本田汽車獨家贊助。
  5. monument n. 紀念碑;遺跡
    The villagers set up a monument in honor of the late hero.
    村民們建立一座紀念碑以紀念這位已故的英雄。
    *in honor of...  以紀念……;向……表示敬意
  6. rinse vt. 沖洗
    After washing them in soapy water, rinse the clothes thoroughly.
    衣服在肥皂水裡洗過之後要徹底沖乾淨。
    *thoroughly adv. 徹底地,完全地
  7. carve vt. & vi. 雕刻;開創
    衍: carve out...  開創出……
    In less than five minutes, the chef carved the ice into a swan.
    該主廚以不到五分鐘的時間就把這塊冰雕成一隻天鵝。
    *swan n. 天鵝
    Only by working hard can you carve out a bright future.
    你唯有努力才能開創出光明的前途。
  8. restore vt. 復原;修復;恢復
    衍: restoration n. 修復(建築物、畫)
    The government has been working on restoring the historic building.
    政府致力於修復這棟歷史性的建築。
    The museum is closed temporarily for restoration and is scheduled to reopen to the public on May 1.
    這間博物館暫時關閉以進行維修,預計五月一日重新對大眾開放。
  9. liberty n. 自由
    衍: liberate vt. 解放,使自由
    liberate sb from sth  將某人從某事中解放
    Give me liberty or give me death.
    不自由,毋寧死。── 格言
    A 10-day trip to Japan temporarily liberated Larry from his daily routine.
    十天的日本行暫時將賴瑞從每天的例行公事裡解放出來。

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單字小舖

a pressure washer  高壓清洗機
同: a power washer
harness n. 安全帶;馬具
moss n. 苔蘚
同: lichen n.
Redeemer n. 救世主

片語小舖
  1. push oneself to V  鞭策∕強迫自己做……
    Frank must have pushed himself very hard to get where he is today.
    法蘭克肯定是非常努力鞭策自己才取得今日的成就。
  2. for free  免費
    同: free of charge
    The room costs NT$6,000 a night, with breakfast and dinner provided for free.
    這個房間一晚要價六千元,早晚餐免費供應。
  3. get rid of...  去除(= clear away);擺脫……
    My mother tried all kinds of remedies to get rid of her headache.
    我媽媽試了各種療法來擺脫頭痛。
    *remedy n. 療法
  4. call in...  請來……
    Several experts were called in to examine the unusual antiques.
    若干名專家被請來檢視這些奇特的古董。
    *antique n. 古董
  5. make a difference  有影響;使有所差別
    Nothing you say will make a difference because Luke is very stubborn.

中文翻譯&標準答案


凱馳 橫『掃』全球
凱馳是一個從事非凡事業的清潔產品品牌。

  凱馳是一間成立於 1935 年的德國公司,它是清潔科技領域中的全球領導品牌。該公司草創時是以阿爾弗雷德‧凱馳發明一種能硬化金屬的新型機器作為開始的。然後,他又接著生產高品質的清洗設備,尤其是高壓清洗機。

  1980 年代,該公司領先製造針對家庭和小型企業使用的便攜式高壓清洗機。它已成為一間數十億美元的企業,擁有一萬多名員工。為了對自身企業的成功表達感激之意,並確保該公司始終都在鞭策自身進步,凱馳展開了文化贊助計劃,亦即無償清洗紀念碑和地標。

  在英國,凱馳將其高壓清洗機技術應用在倫敦眼的清潔上。工作人員在晚上作業,將多年空氣污染所累積的灰塵以及維持倫敦眼旋轉的機油給清除。凱馳團隊必須先將所有東西以徒手擦洗,之後再用高壓清洗機把已擦拭過的區塊沖洗一遍。

  在美國,該團隊被請來為指標性的拉什莫爾山(編按:俗稱美國總統公園、美國總統山或總統雕像山。公園內有四座高達六十英尺的前總統頭像,分別是華盛頓、傑佛遜、老羅斯福和林肯,這四位總統被視為美國最偉大的總統,也代表美國建國一百三十年來的歷史。)做清潔。這些刻在山側的巨大臉孔帶給凱馳員工獨特的挑戰。他們在清理這幾位史上有名的總統臉上的苔蘚時必須得配戴安全帶並懸掛在山邊。

  凱馳也曾致力於將德國布蘭登堡門、美國自由女神像、埃及門農巨石像及巴西救世基督像復原,以上僅舉幾例。總的來說,凱馳在其營運的這些年來已清理並復原了九十處地標,這表明了大企業有時亦能產生很大的影響。

答案: 1. A  2. D  3. C  4. B  5. A  6. C  7. D

















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