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Wednesday
 
  Is a Trash-Free Life a Real Possibility? 零垃圾夢想家
by Igor Bagrov
When getting rid of garbage, start with your mind.
當你清除垃圾時,從你的思想開始。


  Lauren Singer claims she lives a zero-waste life. Is this really possible in our world, where air is polluted, food and drinks are stuffed with _(1)_ harmful chemicals, and millions of tons of garbage are floating in the ocean?
  With a little bit of effort, it is possible, though the problems are vast, and they cannot be solved in the blink of an eye. If everyone takes a small step to _(2)_ his or her life as a trash-free zone, the outcome may surprise you. After all, big things often _(3)_ small beginnings.
  Singer, a New York University graduate majoring in environmental studies, shares her experience in making her life waste-free. One of the biggest problems is plastic packaging. Singer _(4)_ we bring our own reusable bags, jars, and other containers to stores. Regarding her diet, she has a _(5)_ for not eating processed food, which contains a lot of dubious chemicals. Instead, she chooses to eat fresh fruit, fish, nuts, and vegetables. In this way, Singer shows us how to eat healthier food and reduce the problem of packaging. Singer also believes that we can make many things by ourselves. For instance, baking soda is a fine _(6)_ for homemade toothpaste; homemade salad dressing is much tastier than that from a store.
  It is clear that Singer has reconsidered her shopping habits seriously. Indeed, we buy a lot of things we do not need at all, and they end up in a garbage can pretty soon. Singer now buys only second-hand clothes. They are cheaper, thus offering her a wider choice. Ultimately, the benefits of such a lifestyle are _(7)_. It saves a lot of money, encourages healthier eating habits and, as a result, improves our health, and the environment is saved little by little.

1. (A) swiftly  (B) emotionally  (C) potentially  (D) vividly
2. (A) measure  (B) advise  (C) navigate  (D) organize
3. (A) result from  (B) deal with   (C) put off  (D) reflect on
4. (A) discourages  (B) suggests  (C) regrets  (D) threatens
5. (A) fortune   (B) leisure  (C) resistance  (D) preference
6. (A) poison  (B) function  (C) ingredient  (D) flavor
7. (A) obvious  (B) ambiguous  (C) spontaneous  (D) outrageous


原來如此
  1. Is this really possible in our world, where air is polluted, food and drinks are stuffed with potentially harmful chemicals, and millions of tons of garbage are floating in the ocean?
    在我們這個空氣遭到汙染、食物和飲料都充斥潛在的有害化學物質以及數百萬噸的垃圾漂浮在海洋中的世界當中,那真的有可能嗎?
    理由:
    a. (A) swiftly adv. 迅速地
    My dog swiftly ran to me when I called it.
    當我呼喚我的狗狗時,牠迅速地朝我跑來。
    (B) emotionally adv. 情緒化地;激動地
    From time to time, we hear of couples that hurt each other physically or emotionally when they break up.
    我們不時聽到戀人分手時,在身體上或心靈上互相傷害的例子。
    (C) potentially adv. 潛在地,可能地
    The police were called in to handle the potentially explosive situation.
    警方被通知來處理這個可能一觸即發的情況。
    (D) vividly adv. 生動地
    This artist's painting vividly portrays what farm life is like in his hometown.
    這位畫家的畫作生動地描繪他老家農村生活的模樣。
    b. 根據語意,(C) 項應為正選。
  2. If everyone takes a small step to organize his or her life as a trash-free zone, the outcome may surprise you.
    倘若每個人都跨出一小步來將他們的生活規劃成無垃圾空間,結果可能會令你大吃一驚。
    理由:
    a. (A) measure vt. 測量
    Distances under water can be measured by sonar.
    聲納可測出水底下的距離。
    *sonar n. 聲納
    (B) advise vt. 勸告
    The doctor advised Charles to cut down on drinking alcohol.
    醫生勸告查爾斯減少飲酒量。
    (C) navigate vt. & vi. 導航
    The captain navigated his ship through the rough waters during a storm.
    船長引領船隻駛過暴風雨中驚濤駭浪的海域。
    (D) organize vt. 規劃,籌辦
    To use your time efficiently, you should organize your plans according to their priority.
    要有效運用時間,你應該依照事情的輕重緩急來規劃你的計劃。
    b. 根據語意,(D) 項應為正選。
  3. After all, big things often result from small beginnings.
    畢竟,偉大事業往往源自於小小的開端。
    理由:
    a. (A) result from...  起因於……,由於……
    The accident resulted from the security guard's carelessness.
    這起意外起因於該名警衛的粗心大意。
    (B) deal with...  處理∕應付……
    Bill tried to convince the boss that he was able to deal with the problem on his own.
    比爾努力要讓老闆相信他自己有能力處理這個問題。
    (C) put off... / put... off  延期……
    The project had to be put off due to insufficient funds.
    該企劃案由於資金不足而必須延後進行。
    *insufficient a. 不足的
    (D) reflect on / upon...  思考∕反省……
    The boss wants us to take some time to reflect on what he said at the meeting.
    老闆要我們花點時間想想他在會議上所說的話。
    b. 根據語意,(A) 項應為正選。
  4. Singer suggests we bring our own reusable bags, jars, and other containers to stores.
    辛格建議我們自行攜帶可重複使用的袋子、罐子以及其他容器到商店。
    理由:
    a. (A) discourage vt. 阻止,勸阻
    The price of the dress alone is enough to discourage me from buying it.
    光是這件洋裝的價格,就足以讓我打消買下它的念頭。
    (B) suggest vt. 建議,提議
    I suggest you thoroughly check your essay for spelling and grammatical errors.
    我建議你仔細檢查文章是否有拼字及文法錯誤。
    (C) regret vt. 後悔;遺憾
    Greg ended his relationship with Carla abruptly and regretted it afterwards.
    葛雷驟然結束和卡拉的關係,但之後就後悔了。
    *abruptly adv. 突然地
    (D) threaten vt. 威脅,脅迫
    Mary wasn't in her right mind when she threatened to commit suicide.
    當瑪麗威脅要自殺時,神智並不正常。
    *in one's right mind  精神正常,理智健全
    b. 根據語意,(B) 項應為正選。
  5. Regarding her diet, she has a preference for not eating processed food, which contains a lot of dubious chemicals.
    關於她的飲食方式,她較不喜歡吃含有大量可疑化學物質的加工食物。
    理由:
    a. 本題測試以下固定用法:
    have a preference for...  偏好∕喜愛……
    I always have a preference for KLM when it comes to choosing flights.
    說到選擇航班,我總是偏好荷蘭皇家航空。
    *when it comes to...  談到∕說到……
    b. 根據上述用法,(D) 項應為正選。
  6. For instance, baking soda is a fine ingredient for homemade toothpaste...
    舉例而言,小蘇打粉就是自製牙膏的絕佳原料…
    理由:
    a. (A) poison n. 毒物,毒藥
    The spy died because his dinner was laced with poison.
    這名間諜被毒死了,因為他的晚餐被下藥。
    *be laced with...  摻有……
    (B) function n. 功能
    The commercial highlights the cell phone's user-friendly functions.
    這支廣告強調那款新手機方便使用的功能。
    (C) ingredient n. 成份,原料
    Cookies are made from flour, sugar, and some other ingredients.
    餅乾是用麵粉、糖和其他材料做成的。
    (D) flavor n. 味道,口味
    The ice cream comes in 25 different flavors.
    這種冰淇淋有二十五種不同的口味。
    b. 根據語意,(C) 項應為正選。
  7. Ultimately, the benefits of such a lifestyle are obvious.
    最終,這種生活方式的益處顯而易見。
    理由:
    a. (A) obvious a. 明顯的
    There is an obvious hole in the country's tax code.
    該國家的稅法有明顯的漏洞。
    (B) ambiguous a. 模稜兩可的
    The wording of this contract is ambiguous. Thus, we refuse to sign it.
    這份合約的用字模稜兩可。因此,我們拒絕簽約。
    (C) spontaneous a. 隨興的;自然發生的
    I decided to take a trip to Japan because I was feeling spontaneous.
    我決定去日本旅行,因為我感到很隨興。
    (D) outrageous a. 駭人的
    The actor tried doing an outrageous stunt by jumping over 15 cars with a motorcycle.
    這名男演員試圖做出一項駭人的特技:騎摩托車越過十五輛汽車。
    b. 根據語意,(A) 項應為正選。

原來如此
  1. Is this really possible in our world, where air is polluted, food and drinks are stuffed with potentially harmful chemicals, and millions of tons of garbage are floating in the ocean?
    在我們這個空氣遭到汙染、食物和飲料都充斥潛在的有害化學物質以及數百萬噸的垃圾漂浮在海洋中的世界當中,那真的有可能嗎?
    理由:
    a. (A) swiftly adv. 迅速地
    My dog swiftly ran to me when I called it.
    當我呼喚我的狗狗時,牠迅速地朝我跑來。
    (B) emotionally adv. 情緒化地;激動地
    From time to time, we hear of couples that hurt each other physically or emotionally when they break up.
    我們不時聽到戀人分手時,在身體上或心靈上互相傷害的例子。
    (C) potentially adv. 潛在地,可能地
    The police were called in to handle the potentially explosive situation.
    警方被通知來處理這個可能一觸即發的情況。
    (D) vividly adv. 生動地
    This artist's painting vividly portrays what farm life is like in his hometown.
    這位畫家的畫作生動地描繪他老家農村生活的模樣。
    b. 根據語意,(C) 項應為正選。
  2. If everyone takes a small step to organize his or her life as a trash-free zone, the outcome may surprise you.
    倘若每個人都跨出一小步來將他們的生活規劃成無垃圾空間,結果可能會令你大吃一驚。
    理由:
    a. (A) measure vt. 測量
    Distances under water can be measured by sonar.
    聲納可測出水底下的距離。
    *sonar n. 聲納
    (B) advise vt. 勸告
    The doctor advised Charles to cut down on drinking alcohol.
    醫生勸告查爾斯減少飲酒量。
    (C) navigate vt. & vi. 導航
    The captain navigated his ship through the rough waters during a storm.
    船長引領船隻駛過暴風雨中驚濤駭浪的海域。
    (D) organize vt. 規劃,籌辦
    To use your time efficiently, you should organize your plans according to their priority.
    要有效運用時間,你應該依照事情的輕重緩急來規劃你的計劃。
    b. 根據語意,(D) 項應為正選。
  3. After all, big things often result from small beginnings.
    畢竟,偉大事業往往源自於小小的開端。
    理由:
    a. (A) result from...  起因於……,由於……
    The accident resulted from the security guard's carelessness.
    這起意外起因於該名警衛的粗心大意。
    (B) deal with...  處理∕應付……
    Bill tried to convince the boss that he was able to deal with the problem on his own.
    比爾努力要讓老闆相信他自己有能力處理這個問題。
    (C) put off... / put... off  延期……
    The project had to be put off due to insufficient funds.
    該企劃案由於資金不足而必須延後進行。
    *insufficient a. 不足的
    (D) reflect on / upon...  思考∕反省……
    The boss wants us to take some time to reflect on what he said at the meeting.
    老闆要我們花點時間想想他在會議上所說的話。
    b. 根據語意,(A) 項應為正選。
  4. Singer suggests we bring our own reusable bags, jars, and other containers to stores.
    辛格建議我們自行攜帶可重複使用的袋子、罐子以及其他容器到商店。
    理由:
    a. (A) discourage vt. 阻止,勸阻
    The price of the dress alone is enough to discourage me from buying it.
    光是這件洋裝的價格,就足以讓我打消買下它的念頭。
    (B) suggest vt. 建議,提議
    I suggest you thoroughly check your essay for spelling and grammatical errors.
    我建議你仔細檢查文章是否有拼字及文法錯誤。
    (C) regret vt. 後悔;遺憾
    Greg ended his relationship with Carla abruptly and regretted it afterwards.
    葛雷驟然結束和卡拉的關係,但之後就後悔了。
    *abruptly adv. 突然地
    (D) threaten vt. 威脅,脅迫
    Mary wasn't in her right mind when she threatened to commit suicide.
    當瑪麗威脅要自殺時,神智並不正常。
    *in one's right mind  精神正常,理智健全
    b. 根據語意,(B) 項應為正選。
  5. Regarding her diet, she has a preference for not eating processed food, which contains a lot of dubious chemicals.
    關於她的飲食方式,她較不喜歡吃含有大量可疑化學物質的加工食物。
    理由:
    a. 本題測試以下固定用法:
    have a preference for...  偏好∕喜愛……
    I always have a preference for KLM when it comes to choosing flights.
    說到選擇航班,我總是偏好荷蘭皇家航空。
    *when it comes to...  談到∕說到……
    b. 根據上述用法,(D) 項應為正選。
  6. For instance, baking soda is a fine ingredient for homemade toothpaste...
    舉例而言,小蘇打粉就是自製牙膏的絕佳原料…
    理由:
    a. (A) poison n. 毒物,毒藥
    The spy died because his dinner was laced with poison.
    這名間諜被毒死了,因為他的晚餐被下藥。
    *be laced with...  摻有……
    (B) function n. 功能
    The commercial highlights the cell phone's user-friendly functions.
    這支廣告強調那款新手機方便使用的功能。
    (C) ingredient n. 成份,原料
    Cookies are made from flour, sugar, and some other ingredients.
    餅乾是用麵粉、糖和其他材料做成的。
    (D) flavor n. 味道,口味
    The ice cream comes in 25 different flavors.
    這種冰淇淋有二十五種不同的口味。
    b. 根據語意,(C) 項應為正選。
  7. Ultimately, the benefits of such a lifestyle are obvious.
    最終,這種生活方式的益處顯而易見。
    理由:
    a. (A) obvious a. 明顯的
    There is an obvious hole in the country's tax code.
    該國家的稅法有明顯的漏洞。
    (B) ambiguous a. 模稜兩可的
    The wording of this contract is ambiguous. Thus, we refuse to sign it.
    這份合約的用字模稜兩可。因此,我們拒絕簽約。
    (C) spontaneous a. 隨興的;自然發生的
    I decided to take a trip to Japan because I was feeling spontaneous.
    我決定去日本旅行,因為我感到很隨興。
    (D) outrageous a. 駭人的
    The actor tried doing an outrageous stunt by jumping over 15 cars with a motorcycle.
    這名男演員試圖做出一項駭人的特技:騎摩托車越過十五輛汽車。
    b. 根據語意,(A) 項應為正選。

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精解字詞

  1. claim vt. & n. 主張,聲稱
    衍: stake a claim to...  公開聲明對……擁有所有權
    stake vt. 立界標以表明(所有權)
    Before World War I, many doctors claimed that heroin was not addictive.
    在第一次世界大戰前,許多醫生宣稱海洛因不會使人上癮。
    *addictive a. 使人上癮的
    Both countries have staked a claim to this island.
    那兩國都聲稱擁有這座島嶼的所有
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