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14
Wednesday
  Make School: Teaching the Maker Generation 學以致用
by Daniel Howard
Make School is a new kind of school teaching the skills college misses.
Make School 是一種新式學校,教導大學所欠缺的技巧。

(右鍵可另存)

  Making your own app or product can be difficult. Not only does it require computer skills like coding and design, but building an app also requires business skills such as talking to investors and managing money. It is a good thing that Make School now _(1)_.
  Founded in 2012, Make School is _(2)_ tied with Silicon Valley, which is home to Google, Facebook, Twitter, Yahoo, and many more of the world's most advanced high-tech companies. Being part of the Silicon Valley start-up culture, Make School has very _(3)_ goals: to teach necessary skills that university graduates do not learn in school. This includes critical thinking, _(4)_, and practical business sense.
  Make School has a number of programs, including its Summer Academy and Product Academy. The summer program is just the length of the summer break, but the Product Academy is a two-year program that _(5)_ both the technical and social skills necessary for success. Students also get the chance to work as interns at start-ups and _(6)_ companies. This on-the-job experience makes it much more likely that graduates can find a good job or even start their own company.
  Tuition is over $10,000 a year, _(7)_, so Make School isn't cheap. Luckily, American citizens and residents who want to attend Make School can use Income Based Repayment. This means that the students repay the school based on their salary after graduating. The idea is to give students an education without incurring a huge student debt, and it opens the program up to people who couldn't normally afford higher education.

1. (A) differs  (B) vanishes  (C) exists  (D) collapses
2. (A) closely  (B) strangely  (C) carelessly  (D) accidentally
3. (A) imaginary  (B) artificial  (C) weary  (D) specific
4. (A) hindrance  (B) creativity  (C) fortune  (D) mystery
5. (A) deals with  (B) abides by  (C) evolves from  (D) reflects on
6. (A) prestigious  (B) systematic  (C) insignificant  (D) permissive
7. (A) likewise  (B) therefore  (C) however  (D) otherwise



原來如此
  1. It is a good thing that Make School now exists.
    如今,Make School 存在真是一則福音。
    理由:
    a. (A) differ vi. 不同,相異
    衍: differ from...  不同於……
    = be different from...
    Terry differs from his parents in many ways.
    泰瑞與他父母在許多方面都不相同。
    (B) vanish vi. 消失
    同: disappear vi.
    The two bank robbers ran out of the bank and vanished without a trace.
    兩名銀行搶匪逃離現場後便消失得無影無蹤。
    *without a trace  失去蹤影,未留下任何線索
    (C) exist vi. 存在
    Several rare species of plants exist in this area of the country.
    許多稀有植物生長在該國的這個區域。
    (D) collapse vi. 倒塌,塌陷
    Many buildings collapsed when that devastating earthquake occurred.
    很多大樓在那場極具破壞性的地震中倒塌。
    *devastating a. 破壞力大的
    b. 根據語意,(C) 項應為正選。

  2. Founded in 2012, Make School is closely tied with Silicon Valley, which is home to Google, Facebook, Twitter, Yahoo, and many more of the world's most advanced high-tech companies.
    Make School 創立於 2012 年,該校與矽谷有密切的關係,矽谷為谷歌、臉書、推特、雅虎以及許多世界上最先進高科技公司的所在地。
    理由:
    a. (A) closely adv. 緊密地;密切地
    Some people feel that government policy should focus more closely on education.
    有些人認為政府的政策應該更密切集中在教育上。
    (B) strangely adv. 怪異地
    What's wrong with Tony? He's acting really strangely.
    東尼是怎麼了?他的行為真是怪異。
    (C) carelessly adv. 不小心地
    Tim carelessly discarded a cigarette butt and caused a fire.
    提姆亂丟菸蒂,引發了火災。
    *discard vt. 丟棄,遺棄
    (D) accidentally adv. 意外地,偶然地
    同: by accident
    Susan accidentally deleted all her files from the computer.
    蘇珊不小心把她所有的檔案從該電腦中刪除。
    b. 根據語意,(A) 項應為正選。

  3. Being part of the Silicon Valley start-up culture, Make School has very specific goals: to teach necessary skills that university graduates do not learn in school.
    作為矽谷新創公司文化的一部份,Make School 具有非常具體的目標:教導大學畢業生在學校學不到的必備技能。
    理由:
    a. (A) imaginary a. 想像中的,虛構的
    When Sandra was young, she had an imaginary friend.
    珊卓拉小時候有一個虛構的朋友。
    (B) artificial a. 人工的,人造的
    The material feels like silk, but it's actually artificial fiber.
    這質料摸起來像絲綢,但事實上卻是人造纖維。
    (C) weary a. 疲憊的;厭倦的
    Traveling is the best cure for a weary heart.
    旅行是治癒疲憊心靈的最佳療法。
    (D) specific a. 特定的
    Billy was driving around without a specific destination in mind.
    比利漫無目的地開車到處閒晃。
    b. 根據語意,(D) 項應為正選。

  4. This includes critical thinking, creativity, and practical business sense.
    這包括了批判性思維、創造力以及講求實際的商業頭腦。
    理由:
    a. (A) hindrance n. 障礙,絆腳石
    衍: be a hindrance to...  是……的阻礙∕絆腳石
    His parents' objection is a hindrance to Larry's marriage.
    賴瑞雙親的反對是他結婚的阻礙。
    (B) creativity n. 創造力
    When it comes to creativity, no one can compare to my younger brother.
    說到創意,沒人比得上我弟弟。
    (C) fortune n. 財富;好運
    Rex lived a luxurious life after he made a fortune investing in real estate.
    雷克斯投資房地產致富後過著奢華的生活。
    (D) mystery n. 神祕(的事物)
    The assassination remained an unsolved mystery for 50 years.
    這起暗殺事件五十年來仍未偵破。
    *assassination n. 暗殺,行刺
    b. 根據語意,(B) 項應為正選。

  5. The summer program is just the length of the summer break, but the Product Academy is a two-year program that deals with both the technical and social skills necessary for success.
    夏季課程的時間長度與暑假相當,但產品學院卻是為期兩年的課程計劃,探討成功所需的技術與社會技巧。
    理由:
    a. (A) deal with...  處理∕應付……
    Bill tried to convince the boss that he was able to deal with the problem on his own.
    比爾努力要讓老闆相信他自己有能力處理這個問題。
    (B) abide by...  遵守……
    同: comply with...
    = conform to...
    It is important to abide by all the safety rules in the construction zone.
    在工地遵守所有安全規則是很重要的。
    (C) evolve from...  從……進化∕演變而來
    evolve vi. 進化,演化
    Biologists think that birds probably evolved from reptiles.
    生物學家認為鳥類可能是從爬蟲類進化而來。
    *reptile n. 爬蟲類
    (D) reflect on / upon...  思考∕反省……
    The boss wants us to take some time to reflect on what he said at the meeting.
    老闆要我們花點時間想想他在會議上所說的話。
    b. 根據語意,(A) 項應為正選。

  6. Students also get the chance to work as interns at start-ups and prestigious companies.
    學生也有機會在新創公司和頗具聲望的公司實習。
    理由:
    a. (A) prestigious a. 有名望的
    Several underprivileged students were given full scholarships to the prestigious university.
    幾位家境清寒的學生被給予就讀該名校的全額獎學金。
    *underprivileged a. 貧困的;下層社會的
    (B) systematic a. 有系統的
    In an assembly line, everything must be done in a systematic way.
    在生產線上,一切都必須以有系統的方式作業。
    *an assembly line  生產線
    (C) insignificant a. 不重要的;微不足道的
    Our actions, no matter how insignificant, affect others.
    不論我們的行為多微不足道,都會對他人造成影響。
    (D) permissive a. 寬容的
    The boss is permissive about our schedule as long as the work gets done.
    只要我們工作做得完,老闆對我們的行程很寬容。
    b. 根據語意,(A) 項應為正選。

  7. Tuition is over $10,000 a year, however, so Make School isn't cheap.
    然而,一學年的學費超過一萬美元,因此 Make School並不便宜。
    理由:
    a. (A) likewise adv. 同樣地
    I always respect other people's privacy. Likewise, I don't want anyone to encroach upon mine.
    我向來尊重他人的隱私。同樣地,我也不願別人侵犯我的隱私。
    *encroach vi. 侵入,侵佔
    (B) therefore adv. 因此,所以
    Luke's passport has expired and is therefore invalid.
    路克的護照已經過期,因此失效了。
    *invalid a. 無效的
    (C) however adv. 然而,不過
    We saw a rainbow in the sky. Before long, however, it vanished.
    我們看到天空有彩虹。但不久之後就消失了。
    (D) otherwise adv. 否則,不然
    Unless otherwise noted, you should arrive one hour early for the performance.
    除非另有通知,否則你應該在表演開演前一小時抵達。
    b. 根據語意,(C) 項應為正選。

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精解字詞
  1. investor n. 投資者
    衍: invest vi. & vt. 投資
    The investors were very pleased with the profits they made in the stock market.
    投資者因在股票市場中獲利而感到很高興。
    By investing wisely, Alan accumulated a fortune.
    藉由聰明投資,艾倫累積了一筆財富。
    *accumulate vt. 累積
  2. manage vt. 管理;處理
    衍: managed to V  設法做到……
    Wendy aided her husband in managing the company.
    溫蒂協助她的先生管理公司。
    *aid sb in V-ing  協助某人做……
    Jennifer managed to raise funds to expand her business.
    珍妮佛設法募集基金以擴張她的事業。
  3. advanced a. 先進的;進階的
    The school offers courses ranging from basic to advanced levels.
    這間學校提供的課程範圍從基礎到進階程度的都有。
  4. necessary a. 有必要的;必須的
    反: unnecessary a. 不必要的
    Proper maintenance is necessary to keep vehicles in working order.
    要保持車子的正常運作,適當的保養是必要的。
    Many violent and unnecessary confrontations can be avoided with communication.
    透過溝通可以避免許多暴力和無謂的衝突。
    *confrontation n. 衝突,對峙
  5. critical a. 批判的;吹毛求疵的
    衍: be critical of...  批評……;對……吹毛求疵
    Frankly speaking, Mark is too critical of his son's academic performance.
    老實說,馬克對他兒子的學業表現太過吹毛求疵。
  6. practical a. 實際的;實用的
    反: impractical a. 不切實際的
    This new technology has many practical applications.
    這項新科技有許多實用的用途。
    My dad told me that it is important to work hard instead of relying on impractical dreams.
    爸爸告訴我努力工作才是最重要的,而不是依賴不切實際的夢想。
  7. technical a. 技術的;專門的
    This technical school supplies local companies with highly skilled workers.
    這間技術學校供應本地公司高技術水準的員工。
  8. tuition n. 學費(不可數)
    We must raise enough money to pay for our son's tuition somehow.
    我們必須設法籌到足夠的錢來付兒子的學費。
  9. incur vt. 引發,招致
    Julia incurred her sister's wrath when she kept criticizing her dress.
    茱莉亞一直批評她姊姊的洋裝,引發了姊姊的怒氣。
    *wrath n. 憤怒
  10. normally adv. 平常;正常地
    Despite the power outage, the hospital continued to function normally.
    儘管斷電,該醫院還是繼續正常運作。

單字小舖

coding n. 編碼
start-up n. 新創立的公司
academy n. 學院;專科學校
intern n. 實習生
衍: internship n. 實習
on-the-job  在職的;工作上的
衍: on-the-job training  在職訓練
repayment n. 償還;回報

片語小舖
  1. be tied with...  與……有關;(在比賽中)與……打成平手
    Boko Haram terrorists are closely tied with several other international terrorist groups.
    博科聖地恐怖組織與其他幾個國際恐怖組織有密切關聯。
    Gary was tied with Chris at the end of the race.
    蓋瑞和克里斯在比賽結束時打成平手。
  2. be home to...  是……的所在地∕發源地
    This river is home to several endangered species of fish.
    這條河
    電話: 02-23317600
    補習班訂書:02-23317600(北北基及宜蘭 轉66 / 桃.竹.苗.台中及花.東 轉17
    / 南投.彰化以南 請改撥 02-2331761128
    大專院校訂書 02-2331761151 國中以下及高中職轉 28
    諮詢專線:0800-581-568   傳真:02-2381-0918
    地址:台北市中正區忠孝西路一段33號2樓 (台北火車站 捷運 M7號出口)
    客服信箱: service@ivy.com.tw   網頁設計:中壹資訊
    常春藤英语集团 (常春藤大陆唯一官方网站) www.ivytw.com
    南宁北极熊咨询有限公司 / 台湾常春藤有声出版有限公司
    地址:南宁市青秀区民族大道157号财富国际广场C区34栋402
    电话: 0771-5710819 / QQ:2757750711 / 電子信箱:2757750711@qq.com