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27
Wednesday
 
  Tails Wag for Surf's Up  白浪滔滔狗不怕
by Evan M. Gioia
These surfing pooches hang ten for charity.
這些衝浪的狗狗為了慈善而大顯身手。

  The Humane Society of the United States estimates that an average of three to four million dogs and cats are euthanized each year. _(1)_ Many pets, especially dogs, are abandoned by their owners or are terribly abused by them. The Animal Cruelty Task Force estimates that at least 16,000 dogs are killed each year in organized dog fighting syndicates. Unfortunately, the people involved in this illegal activity seek to make dog fighting into a commercial activity, where the prize money for a winning dog can be as much as US$100,000. _(2)_ The prospect of a happy life looks grim for these abandoned and abused dogs. _(3)_
  The Surf City Surf Dog competition of Huntington Beach, California, is trying to give abandoned and abused dogs a leg up by getting them to hang ten. _(4)_ As the onlookers on the beach root for their favorite surfing canines, these daring dogs straddle their boards, trying not to wipe out. For the past six years, thousands of devoted dog lovers have gotten together at the beach to help raise money for dog shelters around California. Last year in September, more than 2,500 people attended the competition to raise more than US$6,000. _(5)_ In addition, the money donated will help many dogs abused from fighting find a safe and happy home.

(A) Unlike most surfing competitions, this one is only for dogs.
(B) If you are a prospective pet owner, there are many factors to take into consideration before making a decision.
(C) For the many dogs involved in these fights, unspeakable torture and abuse from the hands of their owners is common.
(D) While this statistic has decreased over the past decade, there is still a lot of work that needs to be done.
(E) All the money collected goes to several different nonprofit organizations that rescue dogs from being euthanized.
(F) However, there are people out there who seek to give a helping hand in some unique ways.




原來如此
  1. 第一題空格應選 (D)
    理由:
    a. 空格前一句提及 "... an average of three to four million dogs and cats are euthanized each year."(……每年平均有三到四百萬隻狗狗和貓咪被施行安樂死。),而 (D) 項的句子接著說明,"While this statistic has decreased over the past decade..."(雖然這項統計數據在過去十年來已經減少……),前一句的 three to four million(三到四百萬隻)和後一句的 this statistic(這項統計數據)前後呼應,故形成關聯。
    b. 根據上述,(D) 項應為正選。
    大補丸:
    a. statistic n. 統計數據
    b. decrease vi. & vt. 減少,減小
    Countries rich in oil have decreased production, which in turn is causing prices to rise.
    產油國家已經減產,因而造成油價上升。
  2. 第二題空格應選 (C)
    理由:
    a. 空格前一句提及 "Unfortunately, the people involved in this illegal activity seek to make dog fighting into a commercial activity, where the prize money for a winning dog can be as much as US$100,000."(不幸的是,參與這種非法活動的人們企圖將鬥狗比賽變成一種商業活動,活動中頒發給優勝狗狗的獎金竟可高達十萬美元之多),而 (C) 項的句子補充說明 "For the many dogs involved in these fights, unspeakable torture and abuse from the hands of their owners is common."(對於許多參與這些搏鬥的狗狗而言,飼主親手造成難以言喻的折磨和虐待相當常見。),前一句的 dog fighting(鬥狗比賽)和後一句的 these fights(這些搏鬥)前後呼應,故形成關聯。
    b. 根據上述,(C) 項應為正選。
    大補丸:
    a. unspeakable a. 無可言喻的
    b. torture n. 折磨;酷刑
  3. 第三題空格應選 (F)
    理由:
    a. 空格前一句提及 "The prospect of a happy life looks grim for these abandoned and abused dogs."(而對於這些被遺棄和受虐的狗狗來說,幸福生活的前景看起來黯淡無光。),而 (F) 項的句子提及 "However, there are people out there who seek to give a helping hand in some unique ways."(然而,世界上有人試著用獨特的方式來伸出援手。),前一句描述狗狗的幸福生活前景堪憂,後一句話鋒一轉,以 However (然而)作轉折,且語意連貫,故形成關聯。
    b. 根據上述,(F) 項應為正選。
    大補丸:
    seek to V  設法要……
    The city government is seeking to solve the annoying parking problems.
    市政府正設法解決惱人的停車問題。
  4. 第四題空格應選 (A)
    理由:
    a. 空格前一句提及 "The Surf City Surf Dog competition of Huntington Beach, California, is trying to give abandoned and abused dogs a leg up by getting them to hang ten."(加州杭亭頓海灘的狗狗衝浪大賽正設法運用狗狗參與衝浪比賽的方法,給予被丟棄和受虐的狗狗援助),而 (A) 項的句子提及 "Unlike most surfing competitions, this one is only for dogs."(和大多數的衝浪比賽不同的是,這個比賽只限狗狗參加。),前後兩句皆提及 competition(比賽)一字,故形成關聯。
    b. 根據上述,(A) 項應為正選。
  5. 第五題空格應選 (E)
    理由:
    a. 空格前一句提及 "Last year in September, more than 2,500 people attended the competition to raise more than US$6,000."(去年九月,共有兩千五百多人出席了這場競賽,募得六千多美元。),而 (E) 項的句子補充說明 "All the money collected goes to several different nonprofit organizations that rescue dogs from being euthanized."(所有募集到的錢都會捐給幾家救援狗狗免於安樂死的不同非營利組織。),前一句的 raise(募集)和後一句的 collected(募集)同義,故形成關聯。
    b. 根據上述,(E) 項應為正選。
    大補丸:
    a. collect vt. 募集;收集
    b. nonprofit a. 非營利的

片語小舖
  1. hang ten  衝浪(指衝浪客將十隻腳趾扣在衝浪板的最前端來衝浪)
  2. root for...  支持……
    Which football team are you rooting for?
    你支持哪一支足球隊?
  3. wipe out  (衝浪時)落水;(騎車時)翻跌下來
    Should you wipe out, just swim as hard as you can to the shore.
    如果你落水了,就盡力游到岸上去吧。


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參考字詞

pooch n. 狗
syndicate n. 犯罪集團
canine n. 犬,狗
shelter n. 避難所

精解字詞
  1. euthanize vt. 使安樂死
  2. abandon vt. 丟棄,拋棄
    衍: abandon oneself to N/V-ing  縱情∕耽溺於……
    Eric abandoned his wife and children because he was irresponsible.
    艾瑞克因為不負責任而拋棄了妻小。
    Debbie only meant to eat one piece of chocolate, but before long she had abandoned herself to the pleasure of eating.
    黛比原來只想吃一片巧克力,但不久她就縱情開懷地大吃起來。
  3. abuse vt. & n. 虐待;濫用
    衍: alcohol / drug abuse  酒精∕藥物濫用
    The man was bitterly criticized for abusing his children.
    那名男子因為虐待子女而被嚴厲批評。
    The main problems of this city are associated with drug abuse.
    這座城市的主要問題和藥物濫用有關。
  4. commercial a. 商業的 & n. 廣告
    Advertisers are quick to exploit the commercial possibilities of people's obsessions.
    廣告商迅速利用人們狂熱所帶來的商機。
    This commercial raised awareness of breast cancer.
    這支廣告讓大家更了解乳癌。
  5. prospect n. 前景;可能性
    Nancy gave the prospect of becoming a nun careful consideration.
    南西仔細考慮剃度為尼的願景。
  6. grim a. 令人沮喪的;嚴峻的
  7. onlooker n. 旁觀者;觀眾
    Thousands of onlookers swarmed to the site of the explosion to see the damage.
    數以千計的旁觀者蜂擁至爆炸現場觀看受創的情況。
  8. straddle vt. 跨立於;騎
  9. devoted a. 專心致志的;忠誠的
    衍: devote vt. 使專心,致力於
    devote A to B  將 A 奉獻給∕致力於 B
    be devoted to N/V-ing  致力於……
    Dr. Robinson devoted his whole life to taking care of the poor.
    羅賓遜醫生把他的一生都奉獻在照顧窮人。
    The wedding photographer is devoted to capturing the best moments for her clients.
    該婚禮攝影師致力於替客戶捕捉最美好的時刻。

中文翻譯&標準答案


白浪滔滔狗不怕

這些衝浪的狗狗為了慈善而大顯身手。

  美國人道社會組織估計,每年平均有三到四百萬隻狗狗和貓咪被施行安樂死。雖然這項統計數據在過去十年來已經減少,仍然有許多改善的空間。許多寵物都遭到牠們的主人遺棄或殘酷虐待,尤其是狗狗。動物保護工作小組估計,每年至少有一萬六千隻狗死於組織化的鬥狗犯罪集團手下。不幸的是,參與這種非法活動的人們企圖將鬥狗比賽變成一種商業活動,活動中頒發給優勝狗狗的獎金竟可高達十萬美元之多。對於許多參與這些搏鬥的狗狗而言,飼主親手造成難以言喻的折磨和虐待相當常見。而對於這些被遺棄和受虐的狗狗來說,幸福生活的前景看起來黯淡無光。然而,世界上有人試著用獨特的方式來伸出援手。
  加州杭亭頓海灘的狗狗衝浪大賽正設法運用狗狗參與衝浪比賽的方法,給予被丟棄和受虐的狗狗援助。和大多數的衝浪比賽不同的是,這個比賽只限狗狗參加。當觀眾站在沙灘上為他們最鍾愛的衝浪狗狗加油,這些勇敢的狗狗跨立在牠們的衝浪板上,試著不被浪潮沖走。過去六年來,數千位熱衷的愛狗人士都會聚集在海邊,幫助為加州各地的流浪狗收容所募款。去年九月,共有兩千五百多人出席了這場競賽,募得六千多美元。所有募集到的錢都會捐給幾家救援狗狗免於安樂死的不同非營利組織。除此之外,這些善款也會幫助許多於搏鬥中受害的狗狗找尋一個安全又幸福的家園。(註:本文標題 Tails Wag for Surf's Up 源自於動畫電影《衝浪季節(Surf's Up!)》,而 Tails Wag 意即狗狗尾巴搖擺,故與狗狗衝浪大賽一語雙關。)
答案: 1. D 2. C 3. F 4. A 5. E

 
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