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5
Wednesday
  Polar Bear Invasion 北極熊的入侵
by Evan Witkowski
See inside the life of polar bears struggling to survive in one of the coldest places on Earth.
來看看北極熊在地球上最寒冷的地方之一奮力生存的生活吧。

(右鍵可另存)
    Spending summers on land and winters traveling from iceberg to iceberg is not an easy life. Their fur helps them blend into their surroundings, but polar bears living in the Arctic are threatened by climate change more than being spotted by their prey. Melting icebergs mean that many animals are suffering from a loss of their habitats. Destination Wild's Polar Bear Invasion episode is the latest special from National Geographic Channel (NGC) that follows these bears on their journey to raise cubs in the harsh climate of the North.
    Unlike other species of bears, polar bears don't sleep through the winter months, and they spend their winters living in the cold and snow of the subarctic and Arctic areas. The crew of Polar Bear Invasion manages to follow several bears relying on their instincts to travel around the icy, snow-covered landscape. Seeing up-close how polar bears live, and the challenges they overcome every day, really illustrates how hard life is for these animals.
    From late fall, polar bears migrate north to the ice floes of the Arctic to hunt for fish and seals. They can only swim for so long before they run out of energy, so the melting icebergs are a serious problem for polar bears. If there is less ice, then the bears have nowhere to hunt from, so they get stranded in the water and drown. Many also starve while stuck on an iceberg where there is nothing to eat nearby. Most scientists agree that the major cause of climate change is the burning of fossil fuels, so help save the polar bears by conserving resources. Learn some fascinating facts and observe the lives of these arctic hunters on NGC's Polar Bear Invasion.



精解字詞

1. invasion n. 入侵,侵略
: invade vt. 入侵
The international community claimed Russia's move was an act of invasion.
國際社會聲稱俄羅斯的行動是侵略行為。
Unfortunately, the cancer cells have already spread and invaded other parts of Tim's body.
不幸的是,癌細胞已經擴散並入侵提姆身體的其他部位。

2. prey n. 獵物(集合名詞,不可數)& vi. 獵取
: fall prey to...  成為……的受害者
prey on...  捕食……
My mom fell prey to a con man a few years ago.
好幾年前我媽被詐騙過。
*con man n. 騙徒
Eagles prey on small animals for food.
老鷹獵捕小動物為食。

3. habitat n.(動物的)棲息地
We all must do our best to preserve the natural habitat of those butterflies.
我們都必須盡力保護這些蝴蝶的自然棲息地。
*preserve vt. 保護,維護

4. harsh a. 嚴酷的,惡劣的;嚴厲的
: be harsh on sb  對某人很嚴苛
I had no idea this plant would be able to thrive under such harsh conditions.
我不知道原來這種植物能在如此惡劣的環境下成長茁壯。
*thrive vi. 茂盛,健壯,茁壯
Mrs. Chou was a harsh mother and imposed severe punishments on her children.
周太太是名嚴厲的母親,她對小孩都會加以嚴懲。
Don't be too harsh on your little brother. After all, he's just a kid.
別對你小弟太嚴厲。畢竟,他還只是個孩子。

5. instinct n. 本能,天性
: instinctive a. 本能的;直覺的
Birds do not learn to build nests, but they build them using their instincts.
鳥類並沒有學習築巢,而是依本能去築巢。
The spinning of webs is instinctive in spiders.
結網是蜘蛛的本能。
*spin vt. 結(網),吐(絲)(三態為:spin, spun, spun。)

6. landscape n.(陸上的)景色,風景

7. overcome vt. 克服,征服(三態為:overcome, overcame, overcome。)
Courage will help you overcome whatever life throws at you.
勇氣將幫你克服人生中困擾你的每件事。
*courage n. 勇氣(不可數)

8. illustrate vt. 說明,闡明;為……畫插圖
: illustration n. 插圖,圖解
The doctor illustrated the effects of smoking with some graphic photos.
那位醫生用了一些清晰的照片來說明吸菸所造成的影響。
*graphic a. 清晰的
Lisa just finished illustrating a book on cats.
麗莎剛完成一本講述貓咪書籍的插畫。
This children's book is full of beautiful illustrations.
這本童書裡充滿了美麗的插圖。

9. migrate vi.(鳥類、動物)遷徙
: emigrate vi.(往外)移居
immigrate vi.(從外)移民到(本國)
When will the bluebirds begin to migrate?
這批藍知更鳥何時會開始遷徙?
If law and order don't improve in this country, I will consider emigrating to Finland.
假如這個國家的法治再不改善,我會考慮移居至芬蘭。
In what year did your parents immigrate from Vietnam?
你父母是哪一年從越南移民來的?

10. starve vi. 挨餓
Many people starve in arid climates because there isn't enough rainfall to grow crops.
許多人因乾旱氣候而餓死,因為沒有足夠的降雨量供作物生長。
*arid a. 乾燥的;不毛的

11. conserve vt. 節省(資源、能源);保育
: conservation n.(動植物的)保育;保護
We should conserve as much energy as possible.
我們應該要盡可能地節約能源。
Conservation is one way to make sure we have enough natural resources in the future.
保育是確保我們將來有足夠自然資源的一種方法。


片語小鋪
  1. struggle to V  奮力∕努力(做)⋯⋯
    : struggle with...  與⋯⋯搏鬥
    Jim struggled to carry the box of heavy books up the stairs.
    吉姆努力搬著那箱沉重的書上樓。
    The character in the movie struggles with his good and bad sides.
    電影中的這個角色在內心的善與惡之間掙扎著。
  2. blend into...  與……融為一體
    The churches in Santorini seem to blend into the surroundings.
    聖托里尼的教堂似乎與周圍的環境融為一體了。
  3. suffer from...  飽受……之苦;罹患……疾病
    Sandy suffers from serious allergies when the seasons change.
    季節轉換的時候,姍蒂就會嚴重過敏。
    *allergy n. 過敏
  4. manage to V  設法做到……
    I couldn't manage to find shoes in my size.
    我無法找到合我腳尺寸的鞋子。
  5. run out of...  耗盡∕用完……
    My scooter ran out of gas on the way to the amusement park.
    我的機車在前往遊樂園的路上沒油了。

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單字小舖

iceberg n. 冰山
cub n.(熊、獅、虎等的)幼獸
subarctic a. 靠近北極的;亞北極的
up-close   近距離地
ice floe  浮冰
: floe n.
stranded a. 被困住的;(船)擱淺的
: strand vt. 使滯留;使擱淺
fossil fuel n. 化石燃料

中文翻譯&標準答案


北極熊的入侵
來看看北極熊在地球上最寒冷的地方之一奮力生存的生活吧。

  夏天在陸地上活動,而冬天在冰山間遊走的生活十分不易。北極熊的毛幫助牠們融入環境,但生活在北極的牠們受到氣候變遷的威脅遠遠大於被獵物發現的威脅。融化的冰山意味著許多動物正遭受棲息地消失的危害。《野生大地之旅》的《北極熊的入侵》是國家地理頻道的最新特輯,這集緊跟著這些熊踏上在北方嚴峻氣候下撫養小熊的旅程。
  跟其他種類的熊不同的是,北極熊不會冬眠,而且會住在近北極或北極的區域中度過冬季。《北極熊的入侵》的工作人員設法跟著這些熊,牠們依靠本能行走在結冰且被雪覆蓋的陸地上。近距離觀察北極熊如何生存及牠們每天所克服的挑戰,真的描繪出對這些動物來說,生活有多麼不易。
  從深秋開始,北極熊會北遷到北極地區的浮冰上去獵捕魚及海豹。牠們僅能在耗盡體力前的這段時間游泳,因此持續融化的冰山對北極熊而言是個嚴重的問題。如果冰減少了,那麼這些熊就沒有地方可以捕食,而且會受困在水中溺斃。許多北極熊也因被困在附近沒有東西可吃的冰山上而餓死。大多數的科學家認為導致氣候變遷的主因是燃燒化石燃料,所以藉由節省資源來幫忙拯救北極熊吧。鎖定國家地理頻道《北極熊的入侵》,你會得知一些驚人的事實並觀察這些北極獵食動物的生活。

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