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4
Wednesday
  The Lowline 充滿陽光和綠意的首座地下公園
by Marcus Maurice
The Lowline is trying to bring a bit of green to one of the densest urban landscapes in the world.
低線公園計劃試圖將一些綠意帶進世上最密集的其中一處城市景觀中。

(右鍵可另存)

  New York City is not known for its natural wonders. _(1)_ Central Park, New York City is full of buildings, skyscrapers, traffic, and people. Just below Delancey Street on the Lower East Side of Manhattan, the Williamsburg Bridge Trolley Terminal was opened in 1908. After 40 years, the trolley service stopped, but an empty space with some incredible _(2)_ has been below the street surface for more than 70 years. In 2009, two friends, James Ramsey of the design firm Raad Studio, and Dan Barasch, a man who was trying to get works of art into New York City subways, _(3)_ for wine. Out of this meeting, the idea of an underground park at the Williamsburg Bridge Trolley Terminal _(4)_, later forming the Lowline project.

  Within a few years, the plan to use innovative solar technology in order to _(5)_ this trolley terminal began. In 2012, a full-scale model of the aboveground solar panels was completed. Sunlight is piped underground using lenses and mirrors to help trees and other plants grow. The first _(6)_ was only open for two weeks. Within that time, more than 11,000 people visited the Lowline, and the buzz for the project was _(7)_. In 2015, the Lowline Lab opened to much fanfare. Visitors to the lab saw metal canopies, wooden terraces, and about 5% of what the 1.5-acre park would look like. It has taken a lot of hard work to get the project off the ground, and now the Lowline is expected to open to the public in 2020.

1. (A) With the exception of(B) In accordance with(C) As a result of(D) With regard to
2. (A) passions  (B) monitors  (C) features  (D) processes
3. (A) meet  (B) met  (C) meeting  (D) to meet
4. (A) came about  (B) broke down  (C) paid off  (D) faded away
5. (A) indicate  (B) allocate  (C) eliminate  (D) illuminate
6. (A) guideline  (B) rehearsal  (C) exhibit  (D) identity
7. (A) discouraging  (B) phenomenal  (C) suspicious   (D) ambitious




原來如此
  1. With the exception of Central Park, New York City is full of buildings, skyscrapers, traffic, and people.
    除了中央公園之外,紐約市充滿建築物與摩天大樓,且交通、人口擁擠。
    理由:
    a. (A) with the exception of...  除了……之外
    同: except for...
    With the exception of his ill temper, John is quite a nice person.
    約翰除了脾氣壞之外,為人倒是挺不錯的。
    (B) in accordance with...  依照∕根據……
    accordance n. 一致,符合
    In accordance with the new law, you'll have to smoke outside.
    根據新法,你得到室外抽菸。
    (C) as a result of...  由於……
    同: because of...
    = due to...
    = on account of...
    As a result of work and dedication, Dora got her first novel published.
    由於朵拉的努力與全心投入,她的第一本小說問世了。
    *dedication n. 專心致力,奉獻
    (D) with regard to...  關於∕有關……
    同: in regard to...
    With regard to Amy's proposal, we don't think it's feasible.
    關於愛咪的提案,我們不覺得可行。
    *feasible a. 可行的
    b. 根據語意,(A) 項應為正選。

  2. After 40 years, the trolley service stopped, but an empty space with some incredible features has been below the street surface for more than 70 years.
    四十年後,該電車站停止服務,儘管如此,七十多年以來,這個一直在街道下的閒置空間擁有一些令人難以置信的地貌。
    理由:
    a. (A) passion n.(對某事物的)熱愛∕熱情
    Angela devoted all of her time and passion to dancing.
    安琪拉在舞蹈上投注了她所有時間與熱情。
    *devote vt. 致力於
    (B) monitor n. 螢幕
    Standing on top of the monitor are some of my favorite model robots.
    電腦螢幕上立了一些我最喜歡的模型機器人。
    (C) feature n. 特色,特徵
    One of the features of this car is that it's powered by the sun.
    這輛車的其中一項特色就是它靠太陽能發電。
    (D) process n. 過程;程序
    衍: in the process of...  在……過程中
    Teaching a child to write is a slow process.
    教小孩子寫字是一個緩慢的過程。
    Bill and Linda are in the process of getting a divorce.
    比爾和琳達目前正在辦離婚手續。
    *divorce n. 離婚
    b. 根據語意,(C) 項應為正選。

  3. In 2009, two friends, James Ramsey of the design firm Raad Studio, and Dan Barasch, a man who was trying to get works of art into New York City subways, met for wine.
    2009 年,兩位朋友 ── 拉德工作室設計公司的詹姆斯.拉姆齊和丹.巴勒希(他試圖讓藝術品融入紐約地鐵)相約喝酒。
    理由:
    a. 本句句子為過去式時態,得知空格應置過去式動詞。
    b. 根據上述, (B) 項應為正選。

  4. Out of this meeting, the idea of an underground park at the Williamsburg Bridge Trolley Terminal came about, later forming the Lowline project.
    由於這次的聚會,於威廉斯堡大橋電車站建立地下公園的想法便產生了,後來形成低線公園計劃。
    理由:
    a. (A) come about  產生,發生(無被動用法)
    The event came about because of one man's dream for a cleaner world.
    這項活動的發起是因為某個人期望能有更乾淨的世界。
    (B) break down  故障,拋錨
    Mark's scooter broke down in the middle of the road.
    馬克的機車在半路上拋錨了。
    (C) pay off  有收穫,有代價
    If I invest my money in the company, do you think it will pay off in the long run?
    如果我投資這家公司,你覺得長期下來會獲利嗎?
    *in the long run  長期下來;最後
    (D) fade away  逐漸消失;凋零
    fade vi. 逐漸消失;枯萎,凋謝
    The scar on my arm eventually faded away.
    我手臂上的疤痕終於慢慢淡掉了。
    *scar n. 傷疤
    Old soldiers never die; they just fade away.
    老兵不死,只是凋零。—— 麥克阿瑟將軍的名言
    b. 根據語意,(A) 項應為正選。

  5. Within a few years, the plan to use innovative solar technology in order to illuminate this trolley terminal began.
    在幾年之內,運用創新太陽能技術以照亮該電車站的計劃揭開序幕。
    理由:
    a. (A) indicate vt. 顯示;指出
    The study indicated that females live longer.
    這項研究指出女性較為長壽。
    (B) allocate vt. 撥出(經費);分配
    衍: allocate A for B  撥出 A 給 B
    The rich man will allocate funds for the new children's home.
    那名有錢人將會撥款給新的兒童之家。
    (C) eliminate vt. 去除,消除
    A filter will help to eliminate unhealthy elements from the water.
    過濾器有助於去除水中不衛生的雜質。
    *filter n. 過濾器
    (D) illuminate vt. 照亮
    同: light up...
    My living room is illuminated by three lamps.
    我的客廳用三盞燈來照明。
    b. 根據語意,(D) 項應為正選。

  6. The first exhibit was only open for two weeks.
    第一場展覽只開放兩週。
    理由:
    a. (A) guideline n. 指導方針;準則(常用複數)
    Be sure to follow all the safety guidelines when using electrical devices.
    使用電器時,務必遵循所有的安全規則。
    (B) rehearsal n. 排練
    衍: a dress rehearsal  彩排(正式演出前最後一次的排演)
    The actors are preparing for the dress rehearsal.
    那些演員們正在準備彩排。
    (C) exhibit n. 展示品;展覽(會)
    同: exhibition n.
    衍: on exhibit  展出中
    = on exhibition
    = on display
    The famous artist's oil paintings are on exhibit at Sun Yat-sen Memorial Hall.
    那位名畫家的油畫正在國父紀念館展出中。
    (D) identity n. 身份
    The identity of the kidnapper is still unknown at this point.
    至今綁匪仍身份未明。
    *kidnapper n. 綁票者
    b. 根據語意,(C) 項應為正選。

  7. Within that time, more than 11,000 people visited the Lowline, and the buzz for the project was phenomenal.
    在那段期間,有一萬一千多人參觀了低線公園,大家對該計劃的熱情可謂沸沸揚揚。
    理由:
    a. (A) discouraging a. 令人沮喪的
    衍: discourage vt. 使氣餒;勸阻
    discourage sb from V-ing  勸阻某人(做)……
    encourage sb to V  鼓勵某人(做)……
    It was discouraging to learn that my little brother didn't make the volleyball team.
    知道我弟弟沒入選排球隊真是令人洩氣。
    Nothing could discourage me from trying again.
    任何事都阻止不了我再嘗試的決心。
    I'd like to encourage all of you to vote in the upcoming election.
    我要鼓勵你們大家去即將舉行的選舉中投票。
    (B) phenomenal a. 驚人的;非凡的
    衍: phenomenon n. 現象(單數形)
    phenomena n. 現象(複數形)
    Jerry has experienced phenomenal success in recent years.
    近年來傑瑞的成就非凡。
    Unemployment is a social phenomenon.
    失業是一種社會現象。
    (C) suspicious a. 懷疑的
    衍: be suspicious about / of...  對……感到懷疑
    The security guard was suspicious of the nervous-looking man dressed in black.
    那名保全對那名神色緊張的黑衣男子起了疑心。
    (D) ambitious a. 野心勃勃的
    Jack has always been very ambitious, believing that he was born to be a leader.
    傑克向來野心勃勃,覺得自己天生就是當領袖的料。
    b. 根據語意,(B) 項應為正選。

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精解字詞
  1. dense a. 稠密的
    Taipei's dense population can feel overwhelming sometimes.
    臺北稠密的人口有時候可能會讓人覺得喘不過氣。
  2. urban a. 都市的
    反: rural a. 鄉下的
    I'd rather live in a rural area than in an urban area.
    我寧願住在鄉下也不願住在都會區。
  3. landscape n. 景致,景色
  4. skyscraper n. 摩天大樓
  5. terminal n. 總站;航空站 & a. 末期的,末端的
    衍: the bus terminal  巴士總站
    the air terminal  機場航廈
    There's a shuttle service between the air terminal and the city center.
    該機場航廈跟市中心之間有接駁車往返的服務。
    *shuttle n. 接駁車
    Charles was diagnosed with terminal lung cancer.
    查理斯經診斷發現罹患了肺癌末期。
    *diagnose vt. 診斷
  6. surface n. 表面
    The surface of the table was covered in dirt.
    那張桌子的表面佈著一層灰塵。
  7. underground a. 地下的 & adv. 在地下
    There's an underground passage leading to the museum.
    有一條地下走道可以通到那間博物館。
    Some rats spend most of their lives underground.
    有些老鼠幾乎一生都在地底下生活。
  8. form vt. 形成
    衍: reform vt. 改革
    Volunteers form one-third of the hospital's workforce.
    志工構成了這間醫院三分之一的人力。
    The education system needs to be reformed.
    該教育體制需要進行改革。
  9. innovative a. 新穎的,創新的
    The baker is known for creating big cakes with innovative designs.
    那位烘焙師傅以製作設計新穎的大型蛋糕而聞名。
  10. lens n. 鏡片(單數型)
    衍: lenses n. 鏡片(複數型)
    a contact lens  隱形眼鏡鏡片
    a pair of contact lenses  一副隱形眼鏡
    a camera lens  相機鏡頭
    Disposable contact lenses are rather popular among young people.
    拋棄式隱形眼鏡相當受年輕人歡迎。
    *disposable a. 用過即丟的
  11. buzz n. 嗡嗡聲(引申有『熱潮』之意)& vi.(蜜蜂)嗡嗡地飛;忙進忙出
    衍: give sb a buzz  打電話給某人
    buzz around  (蜜蜂)嗡嗡地四處飛來飛去;(人)忙進忙出
    Give me a buzz if you need help.
    你若需要幫忙就打電話給我。
    Reporters were buzzing around at the crime scene, trying to get more information about the case.
    記者們在犯罪現場忙進忙出,試圖得到更多關於該案的消息。
  12. acre n. 英畝

單字小舖

trolley n. 電車;手推車(英式用法)
firm n. 公司
full-scale a. 照原尺寸的
衍: small-scale a. 小規模的
large-scale a. 大規模的
aboveground a. 地上的 & adv. 地上地
a solar panel  太陽能板
pipe vt. 用導管輸送
fanfare n. 大張旗鼓;(喇叭等的)響亮吹奏聲
canopy n. 天篷
terrace n. 露臺

片語小舖
  1. be known for...  以……聞名∕為人所知
    Pablo Picasso was known for his abstract paintings.
    巴勃羅.畢卡索以他的抽象畫著稱。
    *abstract a. 抽象的
  2. get off the ground  順利起步∕開始
  3. be expected to V  預計(做)……
    同: be due to V
    The two pandas are expected to arrive at the zoo today.
    那兩隻貓熊預計今天就會抵達該動物園。

中文翻譯&標準答案


充滿陽光和綠意的首座地下公園
低線公園計劃試圖將一些綠意帶進世上最密集的其中一處城市景觀中。

  紐約市不以自然奇觀聞名。除了中央公園之外,紐約市充滿建築物與摩天大樓,且交通、人口擁擠。位於曼哈頓下東城德蘭西街下方的威廉斯堡大橋電車站於 1908 年開始營運。四十年後,該電車站停止服務,儘管如此,七十多年以來,這個一直在街道下的閒置空間擁有一些令人難以置信的地貌。2009 年,兩位朋友 ── 拉德工作室設計公司的詹姆斯.拉姆齊和丹.巴勒希(他試圖讓藝術品融入紐約地鐵)相約喝酒。由於這次的聚會,於威廉斯堡大橋電車站建立地下公園的想法便產生了,後來形成低線公園計劃。

  在幾年之內,運用創新太陽能技術以照亮該電車站的計劃揭開序幕。2012 年,地上太陽能板的實體模型完成了。太陽光透過光導管傳到地下,並使用凹面鏡和鏡面反射陽光以幫助樹木和其他植物生長。第一場展覽只開放兩週。在那段期間,有一萬一千多人參觀了低線公園,大家對該計劃的熱情可謂沸沸揚揚。2015 年,低線實驗室更加大張旗鼓地宣傳。造訪此實驗室的遊客可以看到金屬天蓬、木製露臺,以及這座佔地一點五英畝公園大約 5% 的樣貌。該計劃已進行許多艱困的作業以取得順利進展,低線公園目前預計於 2020 年對外開放。

答案:1. A 2. C 3. B 4. A 5. D 6. C 7. B

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