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21
Wednesday
  Leonard Cohen, A Modern Music Legend, Has Left Us 哈利路亞 不朽的樂章
by Evan Witkowski
Leonard Cohen was distinguished for his poetic lyrics, iconic songs, and baritone voice.
李歐納.柯恩因其帶有詩意的歌詞、標誌性的歌曲以及男中音而著稱。

(右鍵可另存)
  Music lovers around the world were grieving on November 7, 2016, the day Leonard Cohen died. The prolific singer-songwriter performed as a renowned and enigmatic entertainer for almost 60 years, touching the hearts and spirits of millions of fans. Cohen was born into a prosperous, middle class family in Westmount, an English speaking area of Montreal, Canada, on September 21, 1934. _(1)_ This would later shape his career as a wordsmith and musician.
  His first volume of poetry, Let Us Compare Mythologies, came out in 1956. _(2)_ He quipped, "I wish I could say everything in one word. I hate all the things that can happen between the beginning of a sentence and the end."
  _(3)_ Consequently, he was determined to try his luck as a singer-songwriter. In 1966, he visited New York City, and this experience influenced the innovative style on his first record, Songs of Leonard Cohen, which was released in 1967. _(4)_ In 1984, his album Various Positions hit the charts with his most famous tune entitled "Hallelujah." The song was not an immediate hit, but countless musicians have covered it over the years. _(5)_
  Cohen, endearingly known as "the poet of rock and roll," among a long list of other monikers, certainly had a way with words. His lyrics and music will live on through his fans and each time a new listener hears the immortal words to "Hallelujah."
(A) He subsequently wrote several other collections of poetry and two novels that were also published.
(B) Cohen once famously said, "I think it's a good song, but I think too many people sing it."
(C) For several years, Cohen continued to produce popular albums and play concerts all over the world.
(D) While in school, his interests were mostly poetry, music, and theater.
(E) Cohen's countless fans took to social media to pay their respects to the man whose numerous hits spanned five decades.
(F) While Cohen received worldwide praise for his poetry and novels as a writer, the books didn't earn much money due to a lack of sales.


原來如此

1. 第一題空格應選 (D)

理由:
a. 空格後一句提及 "This would later shape his career as a wordsmith and musician."(這於往後塑造了他的職業生涯而成為一位語文大師和樂手。),而 (D) 項句子提及 "While in school, his interests were mostly poetry, music, and theater."(在學時,他的興趣主要是詩歌、音樂和戲劇。),空格後一句的 wordsmith and musician(語文大師和樂手)與 (D) 項句子中的 poetry, music(詩歌、音樂)互相呼應,故形成關聯。
b. 根據上述,(D) 項應為正選。

大補丸
poetry n. 詩(集合名詞,不可數)
衍: poem n.(一首)詩(可數)
poet n. 詩人

2. 第二題空格應選 (A)

理由:
a. 空格前一句提及 "His first volume of poetry, Let Us Compare Mythologies, came out in 1956."(他的第一本詩集《讓我們比較神話》於 1956 年問世。),而 (A) 項句子提及 "He subsequently wrote several other collections of poetry and two novels that were also published."(他後來寫了其他幾本詩集和兩本小說也都出版了。),前後兩句以 poetry(詩集)一字形成關聯。
b. 根據上述,(A) 項應為正選。

大補丸
a. subsequently adv. 隨後地
Stanley was arrested and subsequently sentenced to life imprisonment.
史丹利被逮捕,隨後被判終身監禁。
*imprisonment n. 監禁
b. collection n.(一系列)收藏的東西
My father's book collection varies from historical to science fiction novels.
我爸爸的藏書從歷史小說到科幻小說都有。

3. 第三題空格應選 (F)

理由:
a. 空格後一句提及 "Consequently, he was determined to try his luck as a singer-songwriter."(因此,他決定碰碰運氣去當創作歌手。),而 (F) 項句子提及 "While Cohen received worldwide praise for his poetry and novels as a writer, the books didn't earn much money due to a lack of sales."(儘管身為作家的柯恩因其詩歌和小說而廣受讚譽,不過這些書籍因為銷售業績不佳,所以並沒有賺多少錢。),空格後一句的 as a singer-songwriter(當創作歌手)與 (F) 項句子中的 as a writer(身為作家)互相對比,故形成關聯。
b. 根據上述,(F) 項應為正選。

大補丸
a. praise n. & vt. 稱讚
Cathy deserves our praise for doing such a great job.
凱西表現優異,值得我們稱讚。
Tina felt a great sense of achievement when the manager praised her at the end of her presentation.
經理在簡報結束時讚賞蒂娜,讓她覺得很有成就感。
b. a lack of...  缺乏……
The failure of our project was mainly due to a lack of funding.
我們的計劃失敗,主要歸因於資金匱乏。

4. 第四題空格應選 (C)

理由:
a. 空格後一句提及 "In 1984, his album Various Positions hit the charts with his most famous tune entitled 'Hallelujah.'"(1984 年,他的專輯《多重身分》以一首他最熱門的歌曲打入了排行榜,歌名為「哈利路亞」。),而 (C) 項句子提及
"For several years, Cohen continued to produce popular albums and play concerts all over the world."(幾年來,柯恩持續製作流行專輯並在世界各地舉辦演唱會。),前後兩句以 album(專輯)一字形成關聯。
b. 根據上述,(C) 項應為正選。

大補丸
continue to V  繼續……
同: continue V-ing
= go on V-ing
You'll be fired if you continue to make one mistake after another.
如果你繼續接二連三地犯錯,一定會被炒魷魚。
*one... after another  一個接一個的……

5. 第五題空格應選 (B)

理由:
a. 空格前一句提及 "The song was not an immediate hit, but countless musicians have covered it over the years."(這首歌當時並非一炮而紅,但多年來不計其數的樂手皆翻唱這首歌。),而 (B) 項句子提及 "Cohen once famously said, 'I think it's a good song, but I think too many people sing it.'"(柯恩曾有一句名言:「我覺得這是一首很好的歌曲,但我認為唱的人太多了。」),空格後一句的 countless musicians(不計其數的音樂人)與 (B) 項句子中的 too many people(太多人)互相呼應,故形成關聯。
b. 根據上述,(B) 項應為正選。

精解字詞
  1. poetic a. 如詩一般的
    Wesley wrote a poetic love song to his beloved wife.
    衛斯理寫了一首充滿詩意的情歌給他深愛的妻子。
    *beloved a. 喜愛的,心愛的
  2. grieve vi. 哀悼,悲傷
    衍: grieve over...  因……而哀傷
    The old couple grieved over the death of their only son.
    這對老夫妻因獨子過世而悲傷萬分。
  3. prosperous a. 富裕的;繁榮的
    The country became prosperous after oil was found in the desert.
    該國家在沙漠發現石油後便繁榮了起來。
  4. volume n. 冊;容量;音量
  5. quip vt. 說俏皮話∕妙語(三態為:quip, quipped, quipped。)
    "Giving up smoking is easy," Mike quipped, "I've done it hundreds of times."
    「戒菸很容易啊,」麥克俏皮地說:「我已經戒過幾百次了。」
  6. consequently adv. 因此
    同: as a result / consequence
    It rained, and consequently our picnic was postponed.
    那天下雨,因此我們的野餐延期了。
  7. entitle vt. 命名;給予權利∕資格
    衍: be entitled to N / V  有資格∕權利(做)……
    I'm looking for the writer's latest novel entitled The Girl on the Train.
    我正在找這位作家那本名為《列車上的女孩》的最新小說。
    In democratic societies, people are entitled to freedom of speech.
    在民主社會中,人民享有言論自由。
    *democratic a. 民主的
  8. cover vt. 翻唱
    The band first gained popularity by covering several of the greatest hits from the 1980s.
    該樂團藉由翻唱好幾首 1980 年代的精選歌曲而首次嚐到走紅的滋味。
  9. immortal a. 不朽的
    The great man has passed away, but his life's work remains immortal.
    這位偉人雖然已經過世,但他畢生的作品永垂不朽。

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單字小舖

baritone n. 男中音
: bass n. 男低音
  tenor n. 男高音
prolific a. 作品豐富的,多產的
enigmatic a. 高深莫測的,如謎一般的
wordsmith n. 語言大師
endearingly adv. 親切地;討人喜愛地
moniker n. 名字,綽號

片語小鋪

1. be distinguished for...  因……而出名
同: be renowned / famous for...
Japan is a country that has long been distinguished for its creativity.
日本長久以來就是以其創造力聞名的國家。

2. be born into...  出生於……(家庭、環境等)
衍: be born with...  天生具有……
Born into a wealthy family, Ashley was one of a small number of women in her generation to graduate from college.
艾希莉出生於富裕家庭,她是那個年代少數幾位從大學畢業的女性之一。
Daniel was born with a talent for singing.
丹尼爾天生有唱歌的才華。

3. be determined to V  下決心做……
同: be resolved to V
Chris is determined to quit smoking.
克里斯下定決心要戒菸。
*quit V-ing  放棄(做)……

4. try one's luck  碰碰某人的運氣
Ralph wanted to try his luck at the casino, but he ended up losing all his money.
羅夫想在賭場試試手氣,結果卻輸得精光。

5. have a way with...  對……有一套,擅長處理……
Anna would make a good teacher since she has a way with children.
安娜會成為好老師的,因為她對孩子很有一套。

6. live on  繼續存在



中文翻譯&標準答案


哈利路亞 不朽的樂章
李歐納.柯恩因其帶有詩意的歌詞、標誌性的歌曲以及男中音而著稱。

   李歐納.柯恩因其帶有詩意的歌詞、標誌性的歌曲以及男中音而著稱。
   全世界的音樂愛好者皆在 2016 年十一月七日這天哀悼,這天是李歐納.柯恩與世長辭的日子。這位作品豐富的創作歌手近六十年來都是一位夙負盛名且高深莫測的藝人,觸動著數百萬粉絲的心靈。柯恩於 1934 年九月二十一日出生在西山(加拿大蒙特婁英語區)的一個富裕中產階級家庭。在學時,他的興趣主要是詩歌、音樂和戲劇。這於往後塑造了他的職業生涯而成為一位語文大師和樂手。
他的第一本詩集《讓我們比較神話》於 1956 年問世。他後來寫了其他幾本詩集和兩本小說也都出版了。他俏皮地說:「我希望用一個字說盡我要表達的話。我不喜歡出現在句子開端與完結間的所有東西。」
   儘管身為作家的柯恩因其詩歌和小說而廣受讚譽,不過這些書籍因為銷售業績不佳,所以並沒有賺多少錢。因此,他決定碰碰運氣去當創作歌手。1966 年,他走訪了紐約市,這一趟經驗影響了他首張創新風格的唱片《李歐納.柯恩之歌》,該專輯於 1967 年發行。幾年來,柯恩持續製作流行專輯並在世界各地舉辦演唱會。1984 年,他的專輯《多重身分》以一首他最熱門的歌曲打入了排行榜,歌名為「哈利路亞」。這首歌當時並非一炮而紅,但多年來不計其數的樂手皆翻唱這首歌。柯恩曾有一句名言:「我覺得這是一首很好的歌曲,但我認為唱的人太多了。」
   被暱稱為「搖滾詩人」(這只是一長串其他的別名之一)的柯恩肯定對文字很有一套。他的歌詞與音樂將透過他的粉絲長存,且每當一位新樂迷聽到「哈利路亞」這不朽的歌詞時亦能流芳百世。
答案: 1. D  2. A  3. F  4. C  5. B









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