各國文化 4 分鐘閱讀
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Vincent van Gogh’s painting The Starry Night (1889) is likely the most famous painting in Western history after Leonardo da Vinci’s Mona Lisa (c. 1503). The swirling of stars and houses under a brilliant night sky have attracted millions, if not billions. This famous painting has been on countless T-shirts, towels, and posters. Van Gogh’s style, despite belonging to the Impressionists, was unique. Van Gogh’s personal tragedy led to his suicide by gunshot in 1890 at the early age of 37. He left hundreds of paintings, though in his day no one purchased them, except for his brother Theo. As van Gogh is considered among the greatest and most consequential of all Western painters, his strange behavior and lifestyle have come under close .
文森．梵谷的畫作《星夜》（1889 年）可能是西方史上名氣僅次於李奧納多．達文西的《蒙娜麗莎》（約 1503 年）的畫作。受畫中星星與美麗夜空下的房子的漩渦狀圖像吸引的人數就算沒有數十億也有數百萬。這幅名畫已被翻印在無數的 T 恤、毛巾和海報上。梵谷儘管屬於印象派畫家，他的風格卻很獨特。梵谷的個人悲劇導致他在 1890 年開槍自殺，當時他年僅三十七歲。他留下數百幅畫，雖然那些畫在他活著的年代除了他弟弟西奧之外並無人購買。現在由於梵谷被奉為最偉大及最重要的西方畫家之一，他的怪異行為和生活方式便被放大檢視。
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A group of Dutch doctors has recently re-opened the case of what caused van Gogh’s nearly life-long mental problems that led to his suicide. Experts in neurology and psychiatry at the University Medical Center Groningen in the Netherlands conducted their study in a “bottom-up” . They used the abundant number of letters van Gogh had written, especially to his brother Theo, as well as doctors’ written reports in several European locations. This kind of attempt—diagnosing someone long dead—had not been performed before. Their aim was to on the most likely source of the patient’s condition. Over the past century, several of what ailed van Gogh had been suggested. The Groningen team thus explored all possible diagnoses in order to unlikely illnesses. This would leave other remaining illnesses as the more likely causes.
Previous attempts to diagnose van Gogh’s mental condition offered schizophrenia as the cause. The most recent research strongly disputed this idea. Classic epilepsy and bipolar disorder were also as causes of the artist’s condition. Instead, the medical team asserts that van Gogh’s sickness was most likely a combination of several comorbid psychotic, mood, and personality disorders, which resulted in his deep depression and suicide.
(A) exclude (B) nominated (C) theories (D) refuted (E) approach (F) speculate
(G) worthy (H) images (I) eventual (J) examination (K) reproduced (L) potential