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✶ 健康威脅!室內空氣比室外髒? The Surprising Air Pollution in Your Home

聯合國估計,全球每年有三百八十萬人的直接死亡原因是室內空氣汙染
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健康威脅!室內空氣比室外髒? The Surprising Air Pollution in Your Home
全球每年有三百八十萬人的直接死亡原因是室內空氣汙染
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文章主講 Wesley

Research has shown that indoor air quality is often poorer than outdoor air quality, even when one lives in a particularly polluted area. This is due to a variety of factors that include everything from cooking to cleaning. And while it is more common in __1__ countries to have poor indoor air quality, in reality, it’s a problem everywhere.

研究顯示,室內空氣品質經常比室外空氣更差,即使一個人住在汙染特別嚴重的地區也一樣。這是因為多種因素造成的,包括從烹飪到清潔的一切。而儘管室內空氣品質不良的現象在開發中國家比較常見,但實際上,這個問題無處不在。

in reality = in fact  實際上,事實上

 健康威脅!室內空氣比室外髒? The Surprising Air Pollution in Your Home

Cooking is probably the biggest cause of indoor air pollution. Smoke and food particles released into the air during cooking can have a(n) __2__ impact on people’s health. Households that cook over open flames—like many low-income households around the world—also add more smoke and harmful gases to the mix. But even high-tech devices like ovens and air fryers cause huge outputs of PM2.5 pollution, the smallest __3__ of pollution, which has a significant impact on health.

烹飪可能是室內空氣汙染的最大原因。烹調過程中釋放到空氣中的煙霧和食物微粒會對人們的健康造成負面影響。用明火烹飪的家庭(例如世界上許多的低收入家庭)會讓家中的混合汙染物再加上更多的煙霧和有害氣體。但即使是像烤箱和氣炸鍋這樣的高科技設備,也會造成大量的 PM2.5(細懸浮微粒,最小的汙染計量單位)汙染,對健康有重大影響。

particle [ ˈpɑrtɪkl̩ ]  n. 微粒,顆粒
high-tech [ ˌhaɪˈtɛk ] a. 高科技的
an air fryer  (使用極少量或不用油的)氣炸鍋

 健康威脅!室內空氣比室外髒? The Surprising Air Pollution in Your Home

In addition, common household materials like cleaning products, paints, air fresheners, and even the glues that hold furniture together can __4__ to low indoor air quality. In humid areas, mold may be an issue, while in dry areas, dust __5__ a problem. And of course, any open flames like candles, fireplaces, and incense will add to the __6__.

此外,常見的家用材料(像是清潔產品、油漆、空氣清新劑,甚至是黏合傢俱的膠水)也會導致室內空氣品質不良。在潮溼地區,發霉可能是一個問題,而在乾燥地區,灰塵會造成問題。當然,任何明火(如蠟燭、壁爐和香)都會加劇這種困境。

material [ məˈtɪrɪəl ] n. 原料,材料
air freshener  空氣清新劑
mold [ mold ] n. 黴菌
incense [ ˈɪnsɛns ] n. 香

The health effects of indoor air pollution can range from issues like __7__ and asthma to certain forms of cancer, heart disease, and pneumonia. The UN __8__ 3.8 million people worldwide die as a direct result of indoor air pollution every year.

室內空氣汙染對健康的影響範圍從過敏、氣喘等問題到某些形式的癌症、心臟疾病和肺炎都有。聯合國估計,全球每年有三百八十萬人的直接死亡原因是室內空氣汙染。

asthma [ ˈæzmə ] n. 氣喘
pneumonia [ njuˈmonjə ] n. 肺炎

So what can we do? For starters, we can use things like candles and open flames sparingly. When we are cooking, it’s important to open a window or turn on the stovetop’s __9__ fan. And it’s a good idea to regularly open windows and __10__ air in our homes. We want to feel safe and comfortable indoors, so it’s important to make sure we maintain good air quality whenever possible.

那我們能做些什麼呢?首先,我們可以少用蠟燭和明火之類的東西。煮飯時,打開窗戶或開啟爐臺上方的風扇很重要。經常打開窗戶讓屋內的空氣循環是個好主意。我們希望在室內感到安全且舒適,因此確保盡可能維持良好的空氣品質至關重要。

sparingly [ ˈspɛrɪŋlɪ ] adv. 少量,一點點
stovetop [ ˈstovˌtɑp ] n.(爐具上的)爐臺∕爐盤

 

文意選填選項
(A) poses    (B) circulate    (C) threatened    (D) estimates
(E) overhead    (F) developing    (G) negative    (H) pressures
(I) dilemma    (J) contribute    (K) allergies    (L) measurement

 

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Ans:1.    F    2.    G    3.    L    4.    J    5.    A
         6.    I    7.    K    8.    D    9.    E    10.    B

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Daniel Howard
Daniel Howard
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