讀取中

正在加載···

★ 杜絕假冒人才 伊隆.馬斯克的面試哲學 Elon Musk’s Hiring Philosophy

這位 Tesla 及 SpaceX 的執行長不僅是世界最有錢的人之一,還是公認最成功的人之一。
收藏文章

文章難易度文章難易度 3.5 顆星

 混合題型   混和題型   電子報精選文章 

Angela, Wesley

杜絕假冒人才 伊隆.馬斯克的面試哲學 Elon Musk’s Hiring Philosophy 圖片來源:Naresh777 / Shutterstock.com
圖片來源:Naresh777 / Shutterstock.com

The name Elon Musk is known the world over. The Tesla and SpaceX CEO is not only one of the wealthiest people in the world but also generally considered one of the most successful. So, what exactly is it that has enabled Musk to enjoy such unparalleled success?

伊隆.馬斯克這個名字在世上家喻戶曉。這位 Tesla 及 SpaceX 的執行長不僅是世界最有錢的人之一,還是公認最成功的人之一。那麼,究竟是什麼讓馬斯克享有這般無比的成功呢?

While there are many factors behind Musk’s success, one key element appears to be his hiring strategy . It’s no great secret that the success of any company depends heavily on the employees it hires. Musk seems to be acutely aware of this reality, as revealed by one particular question that he poses to all candidates.

雖然馬斯克成功的背後有許多因素,不過看來關鍵要素之一就是他的徵才策略。一家公司的成功高度取決於它所僱用的員工,這不是什麼大祕密。看來馬斯克深諳這個道理,從他問所有求職者的一個特定問題便可見一斑。

strategy [ ˈstrætədʒɪ ] n. 策略,行動計畫
acutely [ əˈkjutlɪ ] adv. 深深地,極其
candidate [ ˈkændəˌdet ] n. 申請者;候選人

Specifically , he asks them to describe some of the most difficult problems they have solved in life and to explain in detail the processes for solving them. So, what makes this seemingly obvious interview question so effective ?

具體來說,他會要求他們描述人生中解決過最難的問題,並詳細解釋解決問題的過程。那麼,是什麼讓這個看似明顯的面試問題如此有效呢?

specifically = to be specific [ spɪˈsɪfɪkl̩ɪ ] adv. 具體/明確地說
seemingly [ ˈsimɪŋlɪ ] adv. 看起來,表面上
effective [ ɪˈfɛktɪv ] a. 有效的,產生預期效果的

把英文變OK,站得更高看臺灣。長期訂閱65折起,33週年慶專案只到8/15。

This question is an example of a technique known as asymmetric information management, which is a strategy used to determine whether someone is telling the truth or lying. To be specific , by asking a candidate to describe their problem-solving methods in detail, Musk invites them to use as much information as possible in their descriptions. Put simply, the more detail a candidate uses in such a description, the easier it becomes to determine whether they are telling the truth.

這個問題是一個稱為資訊不對稱管理的技巧實例,這是一種用來確認一個人是在說實話或是在說謊的策略。確切地說,在要求求職者詳述他們解決問題的方法時,馬斯克請他們在敘述中盡量提供資訊。簡單來說,一位求職者在這樣的敘述中講到愈多細節,要確認他們是否在說實話也就變得愈容易。

technique [ tɛkˈnik ] n. 技巧,技術

杜絕假冒人才 伊隆.馬斯克的面試哲學 Elon Musk’s Hiring Philosophy 圖片來源:Naresh777 / Shutterstock.com
圖片來源:Zigres / Shutterstock.com

In a 2014 interview, Musk revealed that he likes his candidates to clearly demonstrate that they actually solved their described problems. The ability to identify such candidates enables Musk to hire people who are able to prove their problem-solving abilities as well as show clear dedication to developing effective problem-solving approaches.

在一場 2014 年的訪談中,馬斯克透露他喜歡求職者清楚證明他們確實解決了自己所描述的問題。能夠認出此類求職者的能力使馬斯克得以僱到能證明自己的問題解決能力、並顯然能夠全心全力開發有效解決方法的人。

identify [ aɪˈdɛntəˌfaɪ ] vt. 確定,辨認,發現
dedication [ ˌdɛdəˈkeʃən ] n. 奉獻,全心全力投入

So, if you are applying for a position at Tesla, when asked how you solve problems, remember to use as much detail as possible!

所以,假如你要去 Tesla 求職,當被問到你如何解決問題時,記得要描述愈多細節愈好!


 108 課綱混合題型 

  1. What is the tone of this passage?

    (A) Critical.

    (B) Humorous.

    (C) Pessimistic.

    (D) Descriptive.

  2. According to the passage, what is one of the decisive factors in Elon Musk’s success?

    ____________________________________________________________________________________

  3. According to the passage, what kind of candidate is Musk’s ideal employee?

    ____________________________________________________________________________________

  4. Please fill in the blanks with the information contained in the passage about Musk’s interview method.

    Technique asymmetric information management
    Method Ask candidates to
    - describe some of the most difficult problems they have solved in life.
    - ________________________________ⓐ________________________________.
    Purpose   ________________________________ⓑ________________________________.

 

critical [ ˈkrɪtɪkl̩ ] a. 批判的,批評的
pessimistic [ ˌpɛsəˈmɪstɪk ] a. 悲觀的
be pessimistic about...  對⋯⋯悲觀
descriptive [ dɪˈskrɪptɪv ] a. 描述的
decisive [ dɪˈsaɪsɪv ] a. 關鍵性的,決定性的

 

延伸學習|介紹動詞 demonstrate 的其他意思及用法

demonstrate [ ˈdɛmənˌstret ] vt. 證明,論證

  • vt. 表明,說明
    My brother demonstrated his dedication to the country when he joined the army.
  • vt. 演示,示範
    The scientist conducted a simple experiment to demonstrate the effects of greenhouse gases.
  • vt. 展現/表露出(品質、能力、感情等)
    The computer company demonstrated its human side when it donated money to build a hospital.
  • vi. 示威,遊行
    Hundreds of people demonstrated in front of the police station.

 


  1. 本文的語氣為何?
    (A) 批判的。 (B) 幽默的。
    (C) 悲觀的。 (D) 敘事的。
    答案: D
  2. 根據本文,伊隆.馬斯克成功的關鍵因素之一為何?
    答案: his hiring strategy
  3. 根據本文,什麼樣的求職者是馬斯克的理想員工?
    答案: Those who are able to prove their problemsolving abilities and show clear dedication to developing effective problem-solving approaches.
  4. 請將本文提到關於馬斯克面試方法的資訊填入以下空格。
    答案: ⓐ explain in detail the processes for solving the problems
    ⓑ to determine whether a candidate is telling the truth or lying

文章難易度文章難易度 3.5 顆星

 混合題型   混和題型   電子報精選文章 

Angela, Wesley

杜絕假冒人才 伊隆.馬斯克的面試哲學 Elon Musk’s Hiring Philosophy 圖片來源:Naresh777 / Shutterstock.com
圖片來源:Naresh777 / Shutterstock.com

The name Elon Musk is known the world over. The Tesla and SpaceX CEO is not only one of the wealthiest people in the world but also generally considered one of the most successful. So, what exactly is it that has enabled Musk to enjoy such unparalleled success?

伊隆.馬斯克這個名字在世上家喻戶曉。這位 Tesla 及 SpaceX 的執行長不僅是世界最有錢的人之一,還是公認最成功的人之一。那麼,究竟是什麼讓馬斯克享有這般無比的成功呢?

While there are many factors behind Musk’s success, one key element appears to be his hiring strategy . It’s no great secret that the success of any company depends heavily on the employees it hires. Musk seems to be acutely aware of this reality, as revealed by one particular question that he poses to all candidates.

雖然馬斯克成功的背後有許多因素,不過看來關鍵要素之一就是他的徵才策略。一家公司的成功高度取決於它所僱用的員工,這不是什麼大祕密。看來馬斯克深諳這個道理,從他問所有求職者的一個特定問題便可見一斑。

strategy [ ˈstrætədʒɪ ] n. 策略,行動計畫
acutely [ əˈkjutlɪ ] adv. 深深地,極其
candidate [ ˈkændəˌdet ] n. 申請者;候選人

Specifically , he asks them to describe some of the most difficult problems they have solved in life and to explain in detail the processes for solving them. So, what makes this seemingly obvious interview question so effective ?

具體來說,他會要求他們描述人生中解決過最難的問題,並詳細解釋解決問題的過程。那麼,是什麼讓這個看似明顯的面試問題如此有效呢?

specifically = to be specific [ spɪˈsɪfɪkl̩ɪ ] adv. 具體/明確地說
seemingly [ ˈsimɪŋlɪ ] adv. 看起來,表面上
effective [ ɪˈfɛktɪv ] a. 有效的,產生預期效果的

把英文變OK,站得更高看臺灣。長期訂閱65折起,33週年慶專案只到8/15。

This question is an example of a technique known as asymmetric information management, which is a strategy used to determine whether someone is telling the truth or lying. To be specific , by asking a candidate to describe their problem-solving methods in detail, Musk invites them to use as much information as possible in their descriptions. Put simply, the more detail a candidate uses in such a description, the easier it becomes to determine whether they are telling the truth.

這個問題是一個稱為資訊不對稱管理的技巧實例,這是一種用來確認一個人是在說實話或是在說謊的策略。確切地說,在要求求職者詳述他們解決問題的方法時,馬斯克請他們在敘述中盡量提供資訊。簡單來說,一位求職者在這樣的敘述中講到愈多細節,要確認他們是否在說實話也就變得愈容易。

technique [ tɛkˈnik ] n. 技巧,技術

杜絕假冒人才 伊隆.馬斯克的面試哲學 Elon Musk’s Hiring Philosophy 圖片來源:Naresh777 / Shutterstock.com
圖片來源:Zigres / Shutterstock.com

In a 2014 interview, Musk revealed that he likes his candidates to clearly demonstrate that they actually solved their described problems. The ability to identify such candidates enables Musk to hire people who are able to prove their problem-solving abilities as well as show clear dedication to developing effective problem-solving approaches.

在一場 2014 年的訪談中,馬斯克透露他喜歡求職者清楚證明他們確實解決了自己所描述的問題。能夠認出此類求職者的能力使馬斯克得以僱到能證明自己的問題解決能力、並顯然能夠全心全力開發有效解決方法的人。

identify [ aɪˈdɛntəˌfaɪ ] vt. 確定,辨認,發現
dedication [ ˌdɛdəˈkeʃən ] n. 奉獻,全心全力投入

So, if you are applying for a position at Tesla, when asked how you solve problems, remember to use as much detail as possible!

所以,假如你要去 Tesla 求職,當被問到你如何解決問題時,記得要描述愈多細節愈好!


 108 課綱混合題型 

  1. What is the tone of this passage?

    (A) Critical.

    (B) Humorous.

    (C) Pessimistic.

    (D) Descriptive.

  2. According to the passage, what is one of the decisive factors in Elon Musk’s success?

    ____________________________________________________________________________________

  3. According to the passage, what kind of candidate is Musk’s ideal employee?

    ____________________________________________________________________________________

  4. Please fill in the blanks with the information contained in the passage about Musk’s interview method.

    Technique asymmetric information management
    Method Ask candidates to
    - describe some of the most difficult problems they have solved in life.
    - ________________________________ⓐ________________________________.
    Purpose   ________________________________ⓑ________________________________.

 

critical [ ˈkrɪtɪkl̩ ] a. 批判的,批評的
pessimistic [ ˌpɛsəˈmɪstɪk ] a. 悲觀的
be pessimistic about...  對⋯⋯悲觀
descriptive [ dɪˈskrɪptɪv ] a. 描述的
decisive [ dɪˈsaɪsɪv ] a. 關鍵性的,決定性的

 

延伸學習|介紹動詞 demonstrate 的其他意思及用法

demonstrate [ ˈdɛmənˌstret ] vt. 證明,論證

  • vt. 表明,說明
    My brother demonstrated his dedication to the country when he joined the army.
  • vt. 演示,示範
    The scientist conducted a simple experiment to demonstrate the effects of greenhouse gases.
  • vt. 展現/表露出(品質、能力、感情等)
    The computer company demonstrated its human side when it donated money to build a hospital.
  • vi. 示威,遊行
    Hundreds of people demonstrated in front of the police station.

 


  1. 本文的語氣為何?
    (A) 批判的。 (B) 幽默的。
    (C) 悲觀的。 (D) 敘事的。
    答案: D
  2. 根據本文,伊隆.馬斯克成功的關鍵因素之一為何?
    答案: his hiring strategy
  3. 根據本文,什麼樣的求職者是馬斯克的理想員工?
    答案: Those who are able to prove their problemsolving abilities and show clear dedication to developing effective problem-solving approaches.
  4. 請將本文提到關於馬斯克面試方法的資訊填入以下空格。
    答案: ⓐ explain in detail the processes for solving the problems
    ⓑ to determine whether a candidate is telling the truth or lying
想看完整文章內容嗎?《常春藤解析英語》雜誌裡有更多精闢的單字片語、例句與文法補充喔!

點我訂閱回家看 >>

延伸閱讀

關鍵字: 

回饋與建議

為了提供更好的閱讀體驗與學習感受,有任何建議或問題歡迎留言讓我們知道,感謝~
1000

作者

Mark Darvill
Mark Darvill
Don’t let the noise of other people’s opinions drown your inner voice.