文章主講 Karen, Wesley
Many people claim that Taiwan is a fruit paradise. In fact, it would take quite a while to list all the wonderful kinds of fruit grown here. In addition, due to the subtropical climate in the north, tropical climate in the south, and temperate and alpine climates in its mountainous areas, fruits such as fresh pineapples, bananas, and oranges can be found year-round in markets alongside apples, pears, and peaches—hence the moniker fruit paradise.
很多人說臺灣是水果天堂。事實上，要列出這裡種植的所有美妙水果需要花上不少時間。此外，由於北部屬亞熱帶氣候、南部屬熱帶氣候，而山區屬溫帶和高山氣候，一年到頭都可以在市場上找到新鮮的鳳梨、香蕉、橙等水果與蘋果、梨子和桃子陳列在一起 ─ 因此臺灣有水果天堂之稱。
One of the tropical, hot-weather fruits grown in Taiwan is the pineapple. Whether it’s eaten fresh or cooked, its tangy taste is almost universally welcome. Many people find the taste of pineapple irresistible, but despite its addictive flavor and attractive honey-yellow appearance, pineapple isn’t always a treat. Especially when eaten fresh, this fruit can consume its consumer!
Come again? No, pineapples don’t have teeth, but they do contain the enzyme bromelain. Enzymes occur in many foods. Nature designed them to break down proteins essential for all animal health, including ours. Bromelain dissolves the protective mucus covering the inside of the mouth, resulting in a burning or stinging sensation. Pineapple lovers need not panic, though. There are a few methods used to reduce the pain caused by this acidic food.
One such method is to just cook the fruit. Heating food to above 50°C will inactivate most enzymes, including bromelain. Another way to avoid the pineapple’s bite is by not eating the hard, central core of the peeled fruit. That is where bromelain is the most concentrated. Furthermore, you can also soak pineapple chunks in salt water before eating. Now you can freely enjoy this delicious fruit without worrying about being eaten in return .
|(A)||A pineapple’s core contains the highest levels of bromelain, so let’s cut it out completely.|
|(B)||The best way to stop pineapple from burning our tongues is to cook it. Let’s have pineapple fried rice tonight.|
|(C)||Just cut the peeled pineapple into small chunks to make sure that the bromelain in it gets totally broken down.|
|(D)||Before eating any pineapple, we’d better put it in some salt water. The salt water can destroy the bromelain in it.|
irresistible [ ˌɪrɪˈzɪstəbl̩ ] a. 令人無法抗拒的
Ans: 1. D 2. C 3. C