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✶ 葛萊美獎:音樂人的盛典 The Grammys: Music Lovers’ Festival

The Grammys: Music Lovers’ Festival
5/4 解析英語

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葛萊美獎:音樂人的盛典 The Grammys: Music Lovers’ Festival
這個一年一度的盛典於六十多年前首次舉行,表揚了音樂產業的傑出成就。
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目錄 / Words in Use / Practical Phrases / Words for Reference / More to Learn / 中文翻譯

 歷史迴廊 

  There are few awards ceremonies that get more attention than the Grammys. This annual ceremony, first held more than six decades ago, recognizes outstanding achievements in the music industry. The trophy that is presented to winners is in the shape of an old-fashioned record player called a gramophone.

  The idea for the Grammys first came about in the 1950s. People in the recording industry were concerned that musicians, singers, and songwriters were not getting the same recognition as people working in film and television. The movie industry, for example, had been awarding Oscars since 1929, and the television industry handed out the first Emmy in 1949. As the idea for an awards ceremony celebrating music became more popular, influential people in the industry began considering a catchy name to rival the Oscars and Emmys. An early favorite was the “Eddies” in honor of the inventor of the phonograph, Thomas Edison. However, the organizers eventually chose the “Grammys” after the invention of the gramophone by Emile Berliner.

  The inaugural Grammy Awards took place on May 4, 1959 in Los Angeles and New York City. The following year, the ceremony was broadcast on television around the nation. Since then, Los Angeles has hosted the most events, followed by New York City and other places like Nashville and Chicago. While the first ceremony handed out fewer than 30 awards, the number grew to well over 100 by the 2000s. In the past decade, however, an average of 83 trophies have been awarded each year.

  Similar to actors, directors, producers, and screenwriters who are awarded Oscars, winning a Grammy is a huge honor for the recipient, ensuring a bright future in the music industry.

 

Words in Use

      1.    ceremony [ˋsɛrəmonɪ ] n. 典禮,儀式
      an award ceremony  頒獎典禮
•   At last, the movie star has arrived at the award ceremony.
那位電影明星終於到達了頒獎典禮現場。

      2.    annual [ˋænjʊəl ] a. 每年的,一年一度的
•   Labor Day is an annual holiday in many countries.
在許多國家勞動節是一年一度的假期。

      3.    recognize [ˋrɛkəg͵naɪz ] vt. 正式承認;認可
             recognition [ ͵rɛkəgˋnɪʃən ] n. 承認,認可
•   Cindy’s father never recognizes her efforts.
辛蒂的父親從不認同她所做的努力。
•   The artist was given recognition by the government for his achievements.
這位藝術家因為他的成就而得到政府的表揚。

      4.    outstanding [ aʊtˋstændɪŋ ] a. 傑出的
•   I was thoroughly impressed with Mary’s outstanding performance in the speech contest.
瑪麗在演講比賽中的傑出表現令我印象非常深刻。

      5.    award [ əˋwɔrd ] vt. 頒發 & n. 獎,獎項
•   The army awarded a medal to Peter for saving the lives of eight people.
軍方頒發獎章給彼得,獎勵他拯救了八條人命。
•   Henry can’t be here with us today, so I feel honored to accept this award on his behalf.
亨利今天不克前來,所以我很榮幸能代表他接受這個獎項。

      6.    influential [ ͵ɪnflʊˋɛnʃəl ] a. 有影響力的
•   The non-profit organization is very influential in forming public opinion.
這個非營利組織對輿論的形成很有影響力。

      7.    rival [ˋraɪv! ] vt. 比得上,與……匹敵
•   Although this motel is cheap, its service can rival that of any five-star hotel.
雖然這家汽車旅館很便宜,但是它的服務可以媲美任何一家五星級飯店。

      8.    eventually [ ɪˋvɛntʃʊəlɪ ] adv. 最終
•   The secret of the company was eventually disclosed.
那間公司的祕密終於被揭露了。

      9.    invention [ ɪnˋvɛnʃən ] n. 發明物;發明
•   The computer is one of the most important inventions of the 20th century.
電腦是二十世紀最重要的發明之一。

      10.  broadcast [ˋbrɔd͵kæst ] vt. 廣播,播放(三態同形)
•   A hockey event will be broadcast on channel 6 tonight.
第六頻道今晚會播出曲棍球比賽。

      11.  host [ host ] vt. 主辦;主持
•   My dad hosted a dinner for his overseas customers.
我老爸招待他的外國客戶吃晚餐。

      12.  recipient [ rɪˋsɪpɪənt ] n. 接受者
•   As the recipient of numerous awards, the novelist has achieved iconic status.
身為眾多獎項的得獎人,這位小說家已經達到指標性的地位。

Practical Phrases

      1.    in the shape of...  以……的形狀
•   Grace was wearing a pin in the shape of a heart.
葛瑞絲佩戴著一枚心型的別針。

      2.    come about  發生
             =    happen [ ˋhæpən ] vi.

•   The increase in production has come about through the use of technology.
科技的運用使生產量增加。

      3.    hand out... / hand... out  發放∕分發……
•   Jimmy got a part-time job handing out flyers in front of the store.
吉米找到一份在商家前發傳單的兼職工作。

      4.    in honor of sb/sth  紀念某人;慶祝某事
•   Saigon was renamed Ho Chi Minh City in honor of the leader.
為了紀念這位領袖,西貢被改名為胡志明市。

      5.    an average of + 數字  平均有……(數目)
•   The workaholic works an average of 16 hours a day.
這個工作狂每天平均工作十六小時。

Words for Reference

◆   trophy [ˋtrofɪ ] n. 獎杯,獎座
◆   gramophone [ˋgræmə͵fon ] n. 唱盤式留聲機
(第一個使用唱片的留聲機,record player 的舊稱)
◆   catchy [ˋkætʃɪ ] a.(曲調等)動聽而易記的
◆   phonograph [ˋfonə͵græf ] n. 留聲機
(最早於 1877 年由美國發明家愛迪生所發明)
◆   organizer [ˋɔrgə͵naɪzɚ] n. 主辦人,籌備人
◆   inaugural [ ɪnˋɔgjərəl ] a. 首次的,開始的
◆   screenwriter [ˋskrin͵raɪtɚ ] n. 影視編劇

More to Learn

ensure [ ɪnˋʃʊr ] vt. 確保
ensure (sb) sth  確保(某人)某事
•   To ensure success, we need to make good preparations.
為了確保成功,我們需要先做好準備。
•   This hotel ensures guests the highest quality of service.
這家飯店確保為客人提供最高品質的服務。

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以下介紹 ensure、assure、insure 這三個 -sure 結尾的單字用法:

a.    ensure 之後除了名詞,還可接 that 子句作受詞:
       ensure + that 子句  保證∕確保……
•   Please ensure that all lights are turned off before you leave.
離開前請確保所有燈都關了。

b.    assure [ əˋʃʊr ] vt. 向……保證,擔保
      使用本字時,通常以人作主詞,受詞也必須是人。
      assure sb of sth  向某人保證某事
      assure sb + that 子句  向某人保證……
•   I can assure you of their loyalty to the company.
我可以向你保證他們對公司的忠誠。
•   I can assure you that this painting is genuine.
我可以向你保證這一幅畫是真跡。

c.    insure [ ɪnˋʃʊr ] vt. 為……投保;保險
      使用本字時,主詞必須是人,受詞必須是物,尤用於下列片語中:
      insure sth against...  為某物投保……之險
•   Have you insured your house against fire?
你有為房子投保火災險嗎?

中文翻譯

葛萊美獎:音樂人的盛典

  很少有頒獎典禮比葛萊美獎更受注目。這個一年一度的盛典於六十多年前首次舉行,表揚了音樂產業的傑出成就。頒發給獲獎者的獎杯是一個稱作唱盤式留聲機的老式錄音播放器。

  葛萊美獎的想法最早出現於 1950 年代。唱片業人士擔心音樂家、歌手和詞曲創作者沒有像從事電影和電視工作的人那樣得到認可。例如,電影業從 1929 年就一直在頒發奧斯卡獎,而電視業在 1949 年頒發了第一座艾美獎。隨著慶祝音樂的一個頒獎典禮的想法變得越來越普遍,業內有影響力的人開始考慮一個動聽又好記的名字,可與奧斯卡獎和艾美獎相媲美。起初最受喜愛的名字是「愛迪」,為了紀念留聲機的發明者湯瑪斯.愛迪生。然而,在愛米爾.貝利納發明唱盤式留聲機之後,主辦方最終選擇了「葛萊美獎」。

  首屆葛萊美獎於 1959 年五月四日在洛杉磯和紐約市舉行。次年,頒獎典禮在全國各地的電視上播出。從那時起,洛杉磯主辦最多次,其次是紐約市以及諸如納許維爾和芝加哥等其他地方。雖然第一次頒獎典禮頒發的獎項不到三十個,但到了 2000 年代,數目增加到一百多個。但是,在過去十年中,平均每年頒發八十三個獎杯。

  與獲得奧斯卡獎的演員、導演、製片和編劇相同的是,獲得葛萊美獎對得獎者來說是一項巨大的榮耀,確保了在音樂界的光明未來。

 

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單字片語整理

Words in Use
host
[host]
vt. 主辦
n. 男主人
recognize
[ˋrɛkəg͵naɪz]
vt. 認出;承認,認可
annual
[ˋænjʊəl]
a. 每年的;年度的,一年的
ceremony
[ˋsɛrə͵monɪ]
n. 典禮
eventually
[ɪˋvɛntʃʊəlɪ]
adv. 終究,到頭來
outstanding
[ˋaʊtˋstændɪŋ]
a. 傑出的
recognition
[͵rɛkəgˋnɪʃən]
n. 認出;承認,認可
invention
[ɪnˋvɛnʃən]
n. 發明(不可數);發明物(可數)
influential
[͵ɪnflʊˋɛnʃəl]
a. 有影響力的
recipient
[rɪˋsɪpɪənt]
n. 受領者
a. 接受的
rival
[ˋraɪv!]
a. 競爭的
n. 競爭者,對手
vt. 與......匹敵
trophy
[ˋtrofɪ]
n. 獎杯
organizer
[ˋɔrgə͵naɪzɚ]
n. . 籌辦人
award
[əˋwɔrd]
vt. 授予,給予
n. 獎品
broadcast
[ˋbrɔd͵kæst]
vt. & n. 廣播
screenwriter
[ˋskrin͵raɪtɚ]
n. 影視編劇
gramophone
[ˋgræmə͵fon]
n. 盤式留聲機 ( 第一個使用唱片的留聲機,record player 的舊稱)
catchy
[ˋkætʃɪ]
adj. (曲調等)動聽而易記的
phonograph
[ˋfonə͵græf]
n. 留聲機 ( 最早於 1877 年由美國發明家愛迪生所發明)
inaugural
[ɪnˋɔgjərəl]
adj. 首次的,開始的
Practical Phrases
an average of + 數字
 平均為若干……

The workaholic works an average of 16 hours a day.
這個工作狂每天平均工作 16 小時。

in the shape of...
 呈現……的形狀

I bought a cake in the shape of a star.
我買了一個星形的蛋糕。

come about
 出現,產生

Hostels came about because of the need for affordable places to stay while traveling.
青年旅社的出現是因為在旅行時需要有負擔得起的落腳處。

hand out... / hand... out
 發放/分發⋯⋯

Jimmy got a part-time job handing out flyers in front of the store.
吉米找到一份在商家前發傳單的兼職工作。

in honor of sb/sth
 紀念某人;慶祝某事

Saigon was renamed Ho Chi Minh City in honor of the leader.
為了紀念這位領袖,西貢被改名為胡志明市。

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作者

Angus Bain
Angus Bain
There are secret opportunities hidden inside every failure.