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楓糖漿短缺 加拿大釋出「緊急儲備」 High Demand and Low Supply Lead to Maple Syrup Concerns

High Demand and Low Supply Lead to Maple Syrup Concerns
5/10 解析英語

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楓糖漿短缺 加拿大釋出「緊急儲備」 High Demand and Low Supply Lead to Maple Syrup Concerns
楓糖漿產量下降導致供應短缺,這讓世界上最大的楓糖漿生產商集團釋出一些緊急儲備。
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 新聞英語 

High Demand and Low Supply Lead to Maple Syrup Concerns

        A favorite topping for pancakes, porridge, and so much more, maple syrup is a kitchen essential for many households. Demand for the sweet liquid has increased dramatically over the past year, thanks in part to the increased cooking many people have been doing during pandemic-related lockdowns. However, a decrease in maple syrup production has caused a shortfall in supply, causing the world’s largest group of maple syrup producers to release some of their emergency reserve.

  The Quebec Maple Syrup Producers, or QMSP, is often referred to as the OPEC of the maple syrup industry. This is due to the large amount of the global supply it is responsible for producing. Around three-quarters of all maple syrup is supplied by QMSP. Unfortunately, because of the weather conditions during the previous spring harvest season, the amount of maple syrup produced dropped significantly.

  Maple syrup production is highly dependent on the weather. Maple trees can only be tapped when temperatures are below freezing at night and slightly above freezing during the day. Unusually warm weather this past spring ended up limiting the number of days when maple syrup could be collected.

  Fortunately, QMSP maintains a large reserve of maple syrup for just this type of situation. The group announced that it will be releasing 22 million kilograms of syrup to meet the shortage. So fans of this sweet treat have no need to worry; there will be enough maple syrup for our muffins, teas, and more.

 

1.   What is a reason given for the increased demand for maple syrup?

(A)  Maple syrup production has dropped sharply for the past year.

(B)  Maple syrup has been proven effective in curing the pandemic.

(C)  People started to cook more frequently at home during the pandemic.

(D)  People are trying to eat healthier, and maple syrup is good for health.

 

2.   Why is the QMSP often called the OPEC of the maple syrup industry?

(A)  They produce approximately 75% of the world’s maple syrup supply.

(B)  Their maple syrup is of a higher quality than that of other producers.

(C)  Their maple syrup is sold at a faster rate than that of other producers.

(D)  They usually sell 22 million kilograms of maple syrup each year.

 

3.   What is necessary for people to collect maple syrup?

(A)  Maple tree leaves need to fall off completely.

(B)  Maple trees must be planted during the previous harvest season.

(C)  The weather needs to be warm and sunny during the spring harvest season.

(D)  Daytime temperatures must be above 0°C and nighttime temperatures below 0°C.

 

 

答案:  1.   C    2.   A    3.   D

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單字片語整理

Words in Use
limit
[ˋlɪmɪt]
vt. 限制
n. 限制(可數);範圍(常用複數)
household
[ˋhaʊs͵hold]
n. 家庭(= family)
a. 家用的;家庭的
fortunately
[ˋfɔɪtʃənɪtlɪ]
adv. 幸運地
essential
[ɪˋsɛnʃəl]
a. 必要的,不可或缺的
n. 要素,要點(常用複數)
reserve
[rɪˋzɝv]
vt. 預訂
n. 儲備;保護區
release
[rɪˋlis]
vt. & n. 釋出,釋放(= let go of);發行,發布
tap
[tæp]
n. 水龍頭〔英〕
vi. 輕敲
vt. 輕拍
harvest
[ˋhɑrvɪst]
vt. & n. 收穫
decrease
[ˋdikris]
n. 下降,減少
significantly
[sɪgˋnɪfəkəntlɪ]
adv. 顯著地
dramatically
[drəˋmætɪk!ɪ]
adv. 大幅度地
pandemic
[pænˋdɛmɪk]
n. (範圍廣大的)流行病,疫情
lockdown
[ˈlɑkˌdɑʊn]
n. 封鎖
shortfall
[ˋʃɔrt͵fɔl]
n. 不足;短缺
OPEC
石油輸出國組織,全文為「Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries」,成立宗旨為統 一及協調會員國的石油政策與價格,並確保石油市場的穩 定。在本文中則為「龍頭、大老」之意。
approximately
[əˋprɑksəmɪtlɪ]
adv. 大約
Practical Phrases
because of...
 由於……
= as a result of...
= due to
= thanks to+ N/V-ing
= on account of...

Because of COVID-19, we couldn t travel abroad.

由於新冠肺炎,我們無法出國旅行。

due to + N/V-ing
 由於……

Jim was absent from work yesterday due to illness.
吉姆昨天生病而沒來上班。

thanks to+ N/V-ing
 由於/幸虧⋯⋯
= as a result of...
= because of...
= due to

Thanks to the new treatment, the patient’s condition has improved.
幸虧有新的療法,這位病人的情況已經好轉。

lead to...
 導致……
= contribute to
= result in
= bring about

The driver's carelessness led to the accident.

駕駛員的粗心導致這起意外。

be dependent on...
 依賴……;視……而定

The elderly are often dependent on their children for many things.
老人在很多事情上時常依賴子女。

Your success is dependent on your effort.
成功與否要你的努力而定

end up + V-ing
 到頭來做......,最終/結果/到頭來⋯⋯

I knew you would end up borrowing money from me.

我就知道你最後還是會跟我借錢。

in part
 部分地

Peter’s success is due in part to our help. 
彼得的成功有一部分要歸功我們的幫助。

refer to A as B
 把 A 稱作 B

Do not refer to Mandy as your girlfriend. She’s your ex-girlfriend now.
別稱曼蒂為女友。她現在是你的前女友。

below / above freezing
 在冰點以下/上

At the height of winter, temperatures can be as low as ten degrees below freezing.
隆冬時,氣溫可能降到零下十度。

內容皆出自《常春藤解析英語》與《常春藤生活英語》
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