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★ 門口效應: 我要做什麼來著?What Was I Doing Again?

常常走到房間,就忘了自己進來幹嘛XD
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介紹門口效應,以及你該如何克服它
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文章主講 Bruce, Antony

   Have you ever walked through a door and thought to yourself: “What was I doing?” For some people, it happens every day. This is called the doorway effect, though it isnt limited to doors. _(1)_ this phenomenon can teach us about our minds and how our memory works.

  你是否曾經走進一道門,然後想著:「我要做什麼去了?」對有些人來說,這種事是家常便飯。這就叫做「門口效應」,但它不只限於發生在門口。了解這個現象可以幫助我們理解我們的心理和記憶是如何運作的。

be limited to...  僅限/限制於⋯⋯

   It turns out that our brains are quite good at doing many things at the same time. Your brain will focus on more difficult tasks, _(2)_ it will also try to handle as many simple tasks as it can. For example, youre not forgetting to breathe as you read this, are you?

事實證明,我們的大腦對同時多工處理事情相當在行。你的大腦會專注在較為困難的事項,而同時它也會盡可能嘗試處理愈多的簡單工作。舉例來說,你不會在讀這篇文章時忘記呼吸,對吧?

breathe [ brið ] vi. 呼吸

   However, as your brain _(3)_ too many difficult tasks at once, its easy to forget some of the simpler tasks you were planning. For instance, maybe you were hungry and went to the kitchen to make a sandwich. But in the _(4)_ of getting up, walking to the fridge, and opening the door, you forgot what you wanted to get.

然而,當你的大腦一次承接太多困難的工作時,它便會很容易忘記一些你本來計劃的簡單事項。比方說,也許你本來肚子餓並打算去廚房做個三明治。但正當你起身,走到冰箱打開門時,過程中你已經忘了你原本要做什麼事。

fridge = refrigerator  [ frɪdʒ ] n. 電冰箱

     One thing you can do to _(5)_ this is to focus on the details of your plans. Imagine yourself doing the task first and putting each ingredient on your sandwich. Of course, you may still forget. However, if you can t remember what you were doing, it probably wasn t all that important anyway.

為了預防這種情況,你能做的一件事是專注在你的計畫細節上面。先想像自己在做這件事情,並將各個食材放到三明治裡面。當然,你最後還是有可能忘記。不過,如果你對先前在做的事毫無印象,那件事大概其實也無足輕重。

1. (A) Understand (B) Understood (C) Understands (D) Understanding
2. (A) because (B) while (C) until (D) once
3. (A) takes on (B) moves on (C) gives in (D) hands in
4. (A) manner (B) occasion (C) process (D) addition
5. (A) release (B) prevent (C) scatter (D) leak

 

Ans: 1. D 2. B 3. A 4. C 5. B

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