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歷史與藝術的邂逅 ―― 馬賽克(上) Mosaics through Time

Mosaics through Time
7/19 解析英語

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歷史與藝術的邂逅 ―― 馬賽克 Mosaics through Time
馬賽克是由小塊石頭、玻璃或陶瓷組成的圖案或圖像
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        When you think of artwork, especially ancient works of art, you probably imagine paintings or sculptures. One form of art that often gets overlooked is mosaics. Mosaics are a pattern or image made up of small pieces of stone, glass, or ceramic. They can be found on floors, walls, and ceilings. They are works of art, but they are also about architectural and interior design. They can be utterly spectacular, and they have a long history.

        The oldest known mosaics date back to the 3rd millennium BCE and were found in a temple in what used to be Mesopotamia, or modern-day Iraq. These ancient mosaics feature a variety of materials that were locally sourced, such as stones, seashells, and ivory.

        Other old mosaics that can be traced back to the Bronze Age (from roughly 3000 BCE to 1000 BCE) have been unearthed in Greece. Mosaics were incredibly popular during the time of the Greek and Roman Empires. Starting from around the 3rd century BCE, mosaics in the Mediterranean began to feature tesserae, or small square tiles, rather than pebbles to create more intricate designs and patterns.

        Mosaics were also widely used in and around religious sites. Wall and ceiling mosaics decorated many Christian churches starting in the 4th century. Artists in the 5th and 6th centuries adorned Jewish synagogues with floor mosaics. In the 7th century, Islamic architects decorated mosques and palaces with mosaics.

        Mosaics found in central America go all the way back to the time of the Maya Empire. This discovery indicates that the art of creating mosaics developed independently in the region rather than being introduced by other cultures.

 

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單字片語整理

Words in Use
source
[sors]
n. 來源;消息來源,消息人士;(文章中 引文的)出處
interior
[ɪnˋtɪrɪɚ]
adj. 內部的
n. 內部
architect
[ˋɑrkə͵tɛkt]
n. 建築師
tile
[taɪl]
n. 磁磚;瓦片
vt. 貼磁磚;鋪瓦
site
[saɪt]
n. 地點,位置;網站
vt. 使位於,使設立於
overlook
[͵ovɚˋlʊk]
vt. 忽略;俯瞰
sculpture
[ˋskʌlptʃɚ]
n. 雕刻(不可數);雕刻作品(可數)
vi. 雕刻
spectacular
[spɛkˋtækjəlɚ]
n. (活動) 壯觀場面 ; (表演) 盛大演出
a. 壯觀的 ; 驚人的
bronze
[brɑnz]
n. 青銅
a. 青銅製 / 色的
utterly
[ˋʌtɚlɪ]
adv. 完全地
ceramic
[səˋræmɪk]
n. 陶瓷作品(常用複數)
a. 陶瓷的
pebble
[ˋpɛb!]
n. . 鵝卵石
incredibly
[ɪnˋkrɛdəblɪ]
adv. 難以置信地
mosque
[mɑsk]
n. 清真寺
artwork
[ˋɑrt͵wɝk]
n. 藝術品
architectural
[͵ɑrkəˋtɛktʃərəl]
a. 建築的
adorn
[əˋdɔrn]
vt. 裝飾
independently
[͵ɪndɪˋpɛndəntlɪ]
adv. 獨立地
mosaic
[məˋzeɪk]
n. 馬賽克
millennium
[mɪˋlɛnɪəm]
n. 一千年(單數形)
Mesopotamia
[͵mɛsəpəˋtemɪə]
n. 美索不達米亞
tesserae
[ˋtɛsərə]
n. 紙皮石(複數形)
intricate
[ˋɪntrəkɪt]
a. 複雜的,精細的
synagogue
[ˋsɪnəgɔg]
n. 猶太教堂,猶太會堂
go (all the way) back to + 明確的時間/時期
回溯至⋯⋯(某時)
Practical Phrases
date back (all the way) to + 時間∕時期
 追溯至⋯⋯(時間)

My mother’s antique table dates back to the early 1800s.
我老媽的古董桌可追溯至十九世紀初。

According to scientists, these fossils date back to 2000 BCE.
根據科學家的說法,這些化石可追溯至公元前兩千年。

be traced back to + 明確的時間/時期
 回溯至⋯⋯(某時)

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Lauren McCarthy
Lauren McCarthy
Your Attitude determine your direction.