Mosaics come in all different shapes and forms. Here are just a few of the many different varieties throughout the ages.
Greek and Roman mosaics
The mosaics of both the Greek Empire and Roman Empire often featured mythological subjects like gods and goddesses as well as creatures such as nymphs and centaurs. Scenes that depicted hunts and other pursuits were common. These mosaics often had large borders of geometric patterns.
New laws following the arrival of Islam led to a shift away from figurative mosaics in the Middle East. Instead, they gave rise to the complex geometric designs that are characteristic of Islamic mosaics. Aside from these intricate, repeating patterns, Islamic mosaics also feature animals, plants, trees, and flowers.
Christian and Byzantine mosaics
Christian mosaics began to emerge during the Roman Empire, but it was in the Byzantine Empire, which lasted from the 4th to the 15th century, that the artwork truly flourished. These mosaics depicted biblical figures, such as saints and angels. Many of them were made with the usual tiles found in other mosaics, but several other unique styles can be seen. Some mosaics were made with shining, gold tiles, while others featured miniature religious icons made up of small clay tiles that measured a millimeter or less.
Some of the most famous modern mosaics are by Antoni Gaudi, a Catalan architect. Mosaics he designed at a public park in Barcelona aren’t standard images of people or patterns, nor are they just on walls or ceilings. Gaudi’s mosaics cover statues and benches. They also have a more chaotic design with no pattern but rather a spray of color.
|1.When did religious mosaics first start to appear?
(A) Between 3000 BCE and 1000 BCE.
(B) The 3rd century BCE.
(C) The 7th century.
(D) The 4th century.
|2.What was a feature found in Roman mosaics?
(A) Figures from the Bible.
(B) Creatures from myths.
(C) Extremely small figures.
(D) Flowers grown in the region.
|3.According to the passage, which of the following statements is true?(A) The earliest known mosaics were found in Greece.(B) Mosaics were introduced to central America from the Middle East.(C) The architect Gaudi would often cover statues and benches in mosaics.(D) Greek and Roman mosaics often show famous emperors and other leaders.|
4. What mosaic are you looking at if you visit a historic building and see artwork like the following pattern?
答案：1. D. 2. B. 3. C. 4. D