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馬桶的知識與蹲馬桶的姿勢(下) Toilet Trivia: Interesting Facts about Toilets and Going to the Bathroom

Toilet Trivia: Interesting Facts about Toilets and Going to the Bathroom
7/27 解析英語

聽講解

 

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馬桶的知識與蹲馬桶的姿勢 Toilet Trivia: Interesting Facts about Toilets and Going to the Bathroom
(全英文講解) 隨著馬桶的演進,出現了兩種不同的發展方向 ─ 一 種是坐式馬桶,另一種則是蹲式馬桶
>> 貓狗寶貝大節日! A Day to Celebrate Your Furry Friends

混合題型  (全英文講解) 

        With the evolution of the toilet, there have been two different paths—one of the sitting kind and the other of the squatting type. The former is common in the Western world, particularly in North America and the United Kingdom, where squat toilets are rare. At the same time, the latter is often seen in many parts of Asia and Africa, and even some regions of Southern and Eastern Europe. So, the question arises:  “Which is the more effective, healthier way to go to the bathroom?” There has been much debate—and research—on this matter.

       (1)Interestingly, while many people believe sitting toilets to be more modern and an improvement on squat toilets, there is a strong case to be made that squat toilets are the better choice. (2)In one experiment, an Israeli researcher measured the average time it took subjects to empty their bowelsusing sitting toilets versus squat toilets. It was found that the average time it took while squatting (51 seconds) was shorter than what was needed on a 42-centimeter-high sitting toilet by 79 seconds. (3)Studies have also determined that people experienced less abdominal strain and discomfort while squatting

        (4)The research findings clearly indicate there are benefits to squatting. (5)This is likely due to the fact that the angle created when a person squats allows for a straighter, more direct path for waste to travel from the rectum to the anus.(6)Some even recommend that people who prefer sitting toilets use a stool or some other type of modification to place their feet on to make the angle closer to that of a squat position.

 


1. In what order is the information about toilets of different cultures organized in the Day 1 passage? (單選題)

(A) In order of time.

(B) By cause and effect.

(C) From the West to the East.

(D) With a problem-solution organization.


2. Please complete the form with the information contained in the Day 1 passage.(填空)

Toilet Evolution

The Earliest Toilets

- They were invented by __a.__.
- They were brick chairs positioned above a place in which __b.__.

Flush Toilets

- When the first model was created, people didn’t use it but opted for __c.__. 

- __d.__ helped popularize the use of flush toilets.

 


3. Please fill in the blanks with the information about the Israeli researcher’s study.(填空)

On average, bowel movements on squat toilets took the participants __(a)__ seconds, while they spent __(b)__ seconds using sitting ones.


4. Some sentences in the Day 2 passage are numbered(1)through(6). Please write down the TWO NUMBERS that point out why squatting is better than sitting. (簡答)

_____ & _____

 

答案:

1. A

2. a. the Mesopotamians b. human waste was held c. chamber pots d. Alexander Cumming

3. (a) 51 (b) 130

4.(3),(5)

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>> 馬桶的知識與蹲馬桶的姿勢(上) Toilet Trivia: Interesting Facts about Toilets and Going to the Bathroom

單字片語整理

Words in Use
former
[ˋfɔrmɚ]
adj. 之前的
pron. 前者(此意前面加定冠 詞 the)
latter
[ˋlætɚ]
adj. 後面的;後者的
pron. 後者(此意前面加定冠 詞 the)
research
[rɪˋsɝtʃ]
n. 研究(不可數)
arise
[əˋraɪz]
vi. 產生,形成
recommend
[͵rɛkəˋmɛnd]
vt. 建議
versus
[ˋvɝsəs]
prep. 對抗(縮寫為 vs.)
strain
[stren]
vt. (肌肉)拉傷,損傷,拉緊,盡力
vi. 拉緊
n. 緊張,壓力,拉緊,損傷
modification
[͵mɑdəfəˋkeʃən]
n. 修改
squat
[skwɑt]
a. 矮胖的
vi. & n. 蹲,蹲下
evolution
[͵ɛvəˋluʃən]
n. 進化 ; 發展
particularly
[pɚˋtɪkjəlɚlɪ]
adv. 特別地;尤其
discomfort
[dɪsˋkʌmfɚt]
n. . 不舒適,不適
interestingly
[ˋɪntrəstɪŋlɪ]
adv. 有趣的是
abdominal
[æbˋdɑmən!]
a. 腹部的
anus
[ˋenəs]
n. 肛門
Practical Phrases
the former...the latter...
 前者⋯⋯後者⋯⋯ 

Here are Matt and Duke. The former is my roommate. The latter is my friend from college.
這是麥特和杜克。前者是我室友。後者是我大學同學。

allow for
 使⋯⋯發生/成為可能

The design of the system allows for secure transactions.
那個系統的設計使得交易能夠安全地進行。

a strong case
 令人心服的理由
rectum
 直腸

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作者

Brian Foden
Brian Foden
Every failure is a step to success.