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啃草救森林 山羊消防員立大功 Strategic Grazing with Good Goats

Strategic Grazing with Good Goats
#文意選填 #動物 #永續發展 SDGs
11/6 解析英語

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啃草救森林  山羊消防員立大功 Strategic Grazing with Good Goats
你可能會認為山羊是可愛的動物,但牠們也能成為有效 率的消防隊員。
>> 1. 波音 787 首降南極 可望減少汙染 2. 義大利斥資鞏固古塔 擺脫倒塌命運

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        While you may think of goats as cute animals, they also make for effective firefighters. In Chile, a country that suffers from frequent and __1__ wildfires, these hungry animals are being used as a natural and sustainable way to protect forests. They do this by feeding on the dry vegetation that __2__ the flames. The technique is known as strategic grazing and has been used successfully in other countries like Portugal and Spain. It is proving to be more efficient and cheaper than __3__ methods.

        One place where goats have been making a positive __4__ is the Bosques de Chacay, a 16-hectare park near the city of Santa Juana. Co-founded by Rocio Cruces, the park features rare and endangered plant species. After deadly wildfires __5__ the region, Cruces started the Buena Cabra project, which means “good goat” in Spanish. She began with 16 goats in 2017 and now has 150 of them that roam freely in the park and nearby areas. Each animal __6__ as much as 10 kilograms of vegetation per day.

 

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單字片語整理

Words in Use
strategic
[strəˋtidʒɪk]
a. 戰略
sustainable
[səˋstenəb!]
a. 可維持的;可持續的
vegetation
[͵vɛdʒəˋteʃən]
n. 植物 (總稱,不可數)
flame
[flem]
n. 火焰
vi. 燃燒
endangered
[ɪnˋdendʒɚd]
adj. 瀕臨絕種的
roam
[rom]
vt. & n. & vi. 漫步
ravage
[ˋrævɪdʒ]
vt. 摧殘,嚴重破壞
adopt
[əˋdɑpt]
vt. 採用,採納
vt. & vi. 收養
avert
[əˋvɝt]
vt. . 阻止;轉移(目光等)
enrich
[ɪnˋrɪtʃ]
vt. . 使富庶,使豐富
graze
[grez]
vt. . 擦傷
vt. & vi. (動物)吃草(= graze on the grass)
technique
[tɛkˋnik]
n. 技巧,手法
hectare
[ˋhɛktɛr]
n. 公頃
firebreak
[ˋfaɪr͵brek]
n. 火障(指樹林或森林中樹木被清除以防火災蔓延的地帶)
biodiversity
[baɪo͵daɪˋvɝsətɪ]
n. 生物多樣性
droppings
[ˋdrɑpɪŋz]
n. (動物的)糞便(恆用複數)
erosion
[ɪˋroʒən]
n. 腐蝕
Practical Phrases
make for...
 使⋯⋯變得可能

Travel guide apps make for smooth sailing when someone visits a new place.
旅遊導覽應用程式可讓造訪新地點的旅途一路順遂。

suffer from...
 飽受(疾病)之苦,罹患(疾病)

My father suffers from diabetes.
我爸爸患有糖尿病。

feed on...
 (動物)以……為食

Cattle feed on grass.
為食

be surrounded by
 被⋯⋯包圍

Our troops are surrounded by the enemy on all sides.
我們的部隊敵人團團包圍了。

soil erosion
 水土流失

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