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劃破天際的飛機雲 Contrails: A Trail of Cloud Out of the Blue

Contrails: A Trail of Cloud Out of the Blue
#素養 #數位·科技·科學 #氣候 #娛樂·新奇
4/17 生活英語

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劃破天際的飛機雲 Contrails: A Trail of Cloud Out of the Blue
有些人常將凝結尾誤認成化學尾跡
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    Some people often mistake contrails for chemical trails, or chemtrails. People have even claimed that the trails left behind by planes contain chemicals purposely released into the atmosphere. Some believe that governments are spraying chemicals for various purposes, such as to change the weather or to control the population with drugs. However, these conspiracy theories lack proof. After looking into these claims, scientists have stepped forward to dismiss them.

    Contrary to what some people believe, scientists have explained that contrails are not directly harmful to humans. Contrails that last for a long time, though, might become an increasingly serious problem for the environment. In particularly ideal conditions, some contrails can spread and form cirrus clouds that last for hours. These artificial cirrus clouds can cool the planet by blocking radiation from the Sun and reflecting it back into space. However, they also trap heat from the Earth’s surface and stop it from escaping into space. This effect is a major concern for  scientists as contrails can play a part in global warming.

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單字片語整理

Words in Use
spray
[spre]
vt. 噴灑
n. 噴霧劑
proof
[pruf]
a. 防……的(多用於『名詞 -proof』 的複合字)
n. 證明(集合名詞,不可數)
artificial
[͵ɑrtəˋfɪʃəl]
a. 人造的;虛偽的,不真誠的
reflect
[rɪˋflɛkt]
vt. 反射;反應
vi. 思考(與介詞 on 並用)
airline
[ˋɛr͵laɪn]
n. 航空公司
ongoing
[ˋɑn͵goɪŋ]
a. 前進的;不斷發展中的
chemtrail
[ˋkɛm͵trel]
n. 化學尾跡
purposely
[ˋpɝpəslɪ]
adv. 故意地
dismiss
[dɪsˋmɪs]
.vt. 摒棄;開除;解散;使下課
increasingly 
[ɪnˋkrisɪŋlɪ]
adv. 越來越多地
radiation
[͵redɪˋeʃən]
n. (核)輻射;放射,散發
precise
[prɪˋsaɪs]
a. 正確的;精確的
manufacturer
[͵mænjəˋfæktʃərɚ]
.n. 廠商;製造商
Practical Phrases
mistake A for B
 誤將 A 當成 B

Because of his long hair, I mistook the boy for a girl.
因為那男生留長髮,所以我誤認成女生。

step forward
 出面,挺身而出

Samʼs friends stepped forward to support him when he needed help.
山姆需要幫助時,他的朋友挺身而出支持他。

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