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✶品嘗各國筷子的文化 Get a Grip on Chopsticks

Get a Grip on Chopsticks
#閱讀測驗 #素養 #飲食
5/8 解析英語

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亞洲使用筷子已有三千多年的歷史。
亞洲使用筷子已有三千多年的歷史。
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    Chopsticks have been used in Asia for over 3,000 years. The earliest chopsticks ever unearthed date back to about 1200 BCE. These chopsticks were made of bronze and discovered in Henan, China. Over the next 2,000 years, they spread throughout East and Southeast Asia. In the past century, chopsticks have become recognized in many parts of the world, along with the growing popularity of Asian cuisine.

    Chopsticks vary across different cultures in Asia. The three most well-known types are Chinese, Japanese, and Korean. Chinese chopsticks are typically longer with wide, rounded points at the end. Plastic or bamboo sets are common in Chinese dining settings. In contrast, Japanese chopsticks are shorter and more pointed, with a thicker top that gradually tapers to a slender point. Traditionally, Japanese people prefer chopsticks made of lacquered wood.

 

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    Korean chopsticks are the most easily recognizable. They are flat rather than round and made of metal rather than wood. Some theories trace the origin of metal Korean chopsticks back to palace culture. Royalty used silver chopsticks to see if their food was poisoned because silver was thought to change color upon contact with poisons. Later, brass and iron became popular choices among the general population. Though chopsticks are vital to Korean culture, when Koreans are eating rice, spoons are more commonly used than chopsticks. Traditional Korean dining sets include matching metal spoons and pairs of chopsticks.

     The Vietnamese also use chopsticks daily. Vietnamese chopsticks are similar to Chinese ones, both of which have blunt ends and are longer than Japanese and Korean ones. Vietnamese chopsticks are often made of bamboo or wood. The Vietnamese also have a unique style of chopstick that has broad, flat ends. These chopsticks are used specifically for stirring and blending ingredients during the cooking process.

單字片語整理

Words in Use
recognized
[ˋrɛkəg͵naɪzd]
a. 受到認可的
popularity
[͵pɑpjəˋlærətɪ]
n. 聲望;普及,流行
cuisine
[kwɪˋzin]
n. 菜餚
vary
[ˋvɛrɪ]
vt. 改變
vi. 變化 ,相異,有不同之處
setting
[ˋsɛtɪŋ]
n. 環境;背景
slender
[ˋslɛndɚ]
a. 窈窕的,苗條的
theory
[ˋθiərɪ]
n. 學說;理論
contact
[ˋkɑntækt]
vt. 聯繫
n. 聯繫;接觸,碰到
vital
[ˋvaɪt!]
a. 維持生命必需的;極重要的
specifically
[spɪˋsɪfɪk!ɪ]
adv. 尤其,特別地
stir
[stɝ]
vt. & n. 攪拌;騷動
blend
[blɛnd]
.vt. & vi. 混合;很協調
n. 混合
ingredient
[ɪnˋgridɪənt]
n. (食品)成分;(成功的)要素
Extra Words
unearth
[ʌnˋɝθ]
vt. 發掘
bronze
[brɑnz]
n. 青銅
a. 青銅製 / 色的
pointed
[ˋpɔɪntɪd]
point的動詞過去式、過去分詞
taper
[ˋtepɚ]
vi. 使一端逐漸變窄/細
lacquered
[ˋlækɚd]
a. 塗漆的
royalty
[ˋrɔɪəltɪ]
n. . 皇室(集合名詞,不可數);版稅(常用複數)
brass
[bræs]
n. 黃銅
a. 銅管樂器的
blunt
[ b|ʌnt ]
vt. 使變鈍;使(情感)減弱
a. 鈍的,不利的;直言不諱的
Practical Phrases
date back (all the way) to + 時間∕時期
 追溯至⋯⋯(時間)

My mother's antique table dates back to the early 1800s.
我老媽的古董桌可追溯至十九世紀初。

According to scientists, these fossils date back to 2000 BCE.
根據科學家的說法,這些化石可追溯至公元前兩千年。

be made of
 由......製成(用於可辨認原材料時)

Emma’s bag was made of plastic.

艾瑪的背包是塑膠製成的。

along with sb/sth
 連同某人 / 物,以及某人 / 物
= together with...

My camera was stolen, along with my cellphone.
我的相機連同手機一起被偷了。

in contrast
 相對地,相較之下

Sarah is usually quiet. In contrast, her brother is always noisy.
莎拉通常很安靜。相較之下,她弟弟一向很吵。

trace sth back to...
 追溯某物至⋯⋯

We can trace our family back to the early inhabitants of this island.
我們家族的起源可追溯至這座島上的早期居民。

get a grip on...  弄懂/理解⋯⋯

grip  n. 理解,了解

The supervisor is trying to get a grip on the complex situation.

該主管嘗試弄懂那複雜的情況。


以下介紹 grip 不同的詞性和意思:

a. (n.) 握法

The tennis player adjusted the grip on the racket for a better swing.

該網球選手為了能夠更好地揮拍而調整球拍握法。

b. (n.) 握住,緊握

Billy tightened his grip on his dad’s hand when he saw the fierce dog.

比利看到那隻凶猛的狗時,更用力地握緊了爸爸的手。

c. (n.) 控制,支配

The military invaded the nation and now has a grip on the government.

軍隊入侵該國,現正控制該國政府。

d. (vt. & vi.) 握住,緊握

The kid gripped the toy with excitement and wouldn’t let go.

那個小孩興奮地緊抓著玩具,不肯放手。

e. (vt.) 使入迷,吸引⋯⋯的注意力

The exciting story gripped readers from the first chapter to the end.

那個刺激的故事讓讀者從第一章到結尾都很入迷。

    亞洲使用筷子已有三千多年的歷史。挖掘出來最早期的筷子可以追溯到西元前 1200 年左右。這些筷子由青銅製成,是在中國河南發現的。在接下來的兩千年裡,筷子傳遍東亞和東南亞。在過去的一世紀中,筷子在世界上的許多地方都得到了認可,亞洲美食也同樣變得日益流行。
    亞洲不同文化中的筷子各有不同。最知名的三種類型是中國筷、日本筷和韓國筷。中國筷通常較長,筷頭寬又圓。塑膠筷或竹筷在中式餐飲環境中很常見。相較之下,日本筷較短、較尖,筷子上端較厚並逐漸變細成一個細細的尖端。傳統上,日本人更喜歡漆木製成的筷子。
    韓國筷是最容易辨認的。它們呈扁平狀而非圓形、是由金屬而非木材製成。一些理論將韓國金屬筷子的起源追溯到宮廷文化。皇室使用銀筷來檢查他們的食物是否被下毒,因為人們認為銀接觸到毒物會變色。後來,黃銅和鐵筷在普羅大眾之間很盛行。儘管筷子對韓國文化極為重要,但韓國人在吃米飯時,更常用湯匙而不是筷子。傳統的韓國餐具包含成套的金屬湯匙和筷子。
    越南人也是每天使用筷子。越南筷與中國筷相似,都是鈍頭,而且都比日本筷和韓國筷長。越南筷通常由竹子或木頭製成。越南人還有一種獨特的筷子種類,筷端又寬又平。這類筷子專門用於烹飪過程中攪拌和混合食材。

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作者

Duncan DeAeth
Duncan DeAeth
Time is what we want most and what we use worst.
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