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【111年學測英文試題講解】#4 文意選填

三、文意選填 Q21-Q30
題型演練·寫作
#文意選填 #108新課綱 #素養 #學測 #111年學測英文試題講解
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【111年學測英文試題講解】#4 文意選填
賴世雄老師親自剖解111年大學學測英文試題,逐題解析,幫助考生掌握108課綱考題新趨勢。
延伸閱讀 >> 【111年學測英文試題講解】#3 綜合測驗 Part 2

111年升大學學測英文試題

三、文意選填(占 10 分)
說明︰ 第 21 題至第 30 題,每題一個空格,請依文意在文章後所提供的 (A) 到 (J) 選項中分別選出最適當者,填入空格中。每題 1 分。

第 21 至 30 題為題組
  A stunt person is a man or a woman who performs dangerous acts, usually in the television or movie industry. In this line of work, the person is paid to do daring actions that are deemed too _(21)_ for the regular actor to perform, including jumping from heights, crashing cars, or fighting with weapons.
  Stunt work emerged out of _(22)_ over time. In the early days of the film industry, actors themselves shot acrobatic acts and dangerous scenes, until they began to get injured. There were, however, no _(23)_ crew members to perform impressive stunts at that time. If something dangerous needed to be done for a scene, the producers would hire anyone crazy or desperate enough to do it. These people were not trained to perform stunts, so they often _(24)_ things for the first time during the actual shooting. They had to learn from their own mistakes, which _(25)_ some their lives, and almost all suffered light or severe injuries.
  Beginning around 1910, audiences developed a taste for serial action movies, which _(26)_ the use of dedicated stunt people to perform in dangerous scenes. Such demand increased with the rise of western movies, and many cowboys with masterful skills on horseback found a new _(27)_ as a stunt person. Tom Mix and Yakima Canutt were among the most famous. The 1960s and '70s _(28)_ the development of most modern stunt technology, like air rams and bullet squibs. That technology has continued to evolve into the present.
  Today, CGI (computer generated imagery) is widely used in filmmaking, and it is now _(29)_ to create very lifelike scenes without using real stunt people. However, CGI has difficulties of its own, and there will always be a demand for the realism and thrilling _(30)_ of an actual stunt. So the stunt industry is probably in no immediate danger of dying off.
(A) possible    (B) sensation      (C) risky          (D) cost
(E) witnessed  (F) professional  (G) called for  (H) tried out
(I) necessity    (J) career

題組翻譯及選項解析如下:

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延伸閱讀 >> 【111年學測英文試題講解】#2 綜合測驗 Part 1

單字片語整理

Words in Use
possible
[ˋpɑsəb]
adj. 可能的
act
[ækt]
vt. 扮演;裝出;舉動像
vi. 做事,行動(+on/for);起作用,見效(+on/upon)
n. 行為;行動;戲幕;節目
cost
[kɔst]
vt. 花費;使失去
n. 費用;代價
career
[kəˋrɪr]
n. 職業(尤指終身職業)
a. 職業的
professional
[prəˋfɛʃən!]
n. & a. 專家;職業選手
a. 專業的,職業的
perform
[pɚˋfɔrm]
vt. 執行;履行
vi. 表演;表現
sensation
[sɛnˋseʃən]
n. 感覺, 知覺;轟動(的事情)
witness
[ˋwɪtnɪs]
n. 證人
vt. 目擊
severe
[səˋvɪr]
a. 嚴厲的;十分嚴重的
desperate
[ˋdɛspərɪt]
a. 奮不顧身的;極度渴望的;絕望的
realism
[ˋrɪə͵lɪzəm]
n. 實際情況 ; (繪畫、文學等) 現實主義 (皆不可數)
evolve
[ɪˋvɑlv]
vi. 進化 ; 發展為
risky
[ˋrɪskɪ]
adj. 危險的,有風險的
emerge
[ɪˋmɝdʒ]
vi. 出現,冒出(常與介詞 from 並用)
necessity
[nəˋsɛsətɪ]
n. 需要(不可數);必需品(可數)
serial
[ˋsɪrɪəl]
a. . 連續的
deem
[dim]
vt. . 認為
dedicated
[ˋdɛdə͵ketɪd]
a. 奉獻的
daring
[ˋdɛrɪŋ]
a. 大膽的,敢冒險的
filmmaking
[ˋfɪlm͵mekɪŋ]
n. 電影製作
stunt
[stʌnt]
n. (通常指電影中的)特技 動作
acrobatic
[͵ækrəˋbætɪk]
a. 雜技的
masterful
[ˋmæstɚfəl]
a. 熟練的,精湛的
CGI
n. 電腦影像合成 (computer-generated imagery 的縮寫)
lifelike
[ˋlaɪf͵laɪk]
a. 逼真的
Practical Phrases
try out... / try... out
 試用某物(機器設備或點子想法)

Mom is trying out the new recipe that she read about in the magazine.
媽媽正在試做她在雜誌裡看到的新食譜。

We tried out the new copy machine, but my boss didn't like it.
我們試用了那部新的影印機,但我的老闆不喜歡它。

That sounds like a good idea. We'll try it out.
那個點子聽起來不錯。我們會試試看

call for sth/sb
 需要某物;(公開地)呼籲某事;去接某人

Success calls for hard work and some good luck.
成功需要努力和一點好運。

Environmentalists are calling for immediate action to combat global warming.
環保人士呼籲立即採取行動遏止全球暖化。

The situation calls for immediate action.
這種情況需要立即採取行動。

Scientists around the world are calling for water conservation.
世界各地的科學家都在呼籲節約用水。

I'll call for you at seven o'clock.
我七點鐘來你。

I'll pick you up at seven o'clock.
我七點鐘來你。

air ram
 彈射器(空氣撞錘)
bullet squib
 血包(子彈爆管)
die off
 逐漸消失,相繼死亡

The report concludes that the animals are in danger of dying off.
這篇報導的結論是該動物有絕種的危險。

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賴世雄老師
賴世雄
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