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★ 給予,是一種幸福 The Emotional Benefits of Prosocial Spending

「我們因為給予而獲得。」─ 亞西西的方濟各(編按:天主教聖人)
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>> 招財貓,招來財富與幸福 The Cat that Beckons

 篇章結構   電子報精選文章 

文章主講 Wesley

For it is in giving that we receive. – Francis of Assisi

「我們因為給予而獲得。」─ 亞西西的方濟各(編按:天主教聖人)

Indeed, treating ourselves to something nice can make us feel good. However, recent research has shown that prosocial spending—spending money on others—can lead to an even greater sense of happiness and well-being.

確實,買點好東西給自己可以使我們感覺良好。然而最近的研究表明,「親社會支出」─ 把錢花在別人身上 ─ 可以帶來更大的快樂和幸福感。

well-being [ ˌwɛlˈbiɪŋ ] n. 幸福;健康

Research into prosocial spending is relatively new, but the results are conclusive. __1__ Further, it helps contribute to a sense of community and belonging. In a study conducted by psychologists at Harvard Business School, passersby were handed an envelope. When people opened the envelope, they found a five-dollar bill along with a simple note. __2__ Others found a note that told them to spend this five dollars before 5:00 p.m. on a gift for someone else or a donation to charity.

親社會支出的研究相對較新,但結果無庸置疑。給予他人會影響給予者和接受者的快樂。此外,它有助於增強社區意識和歸屬感。在哈佛商學院心理學家進行的一項研究中,路人被遞上一個信封。當人們打開信封時,他們發現一張五美元鈔票跟一張簡單的紙條。有些人收到的訊息是要他們在下午五點前把這筆錢花在自己身上。另一些人的紙條則告訴他們於下午五點前將這五美元花在買禮物送別人或是捐贈給慈善機構上。

relatively [ ˈrɛlətɪvlɪ ] adv. 相對地
conclusive [ kənˈklusɪv ] a. 無可置疑的,決定性的
conduct [ kənˈdʌkt ] vt. 進行(調查、實驗等)
donation [ doˈneʃən ] n. 捐贈物(尤指捐款)

Later that evening, participants received a call. __3__ The result was that individuals who had spent the money on others were measurably happier than those who spent it on themselves.

當天晚上稍晚時,參與者接到一通電話。他們被詢問一整天的總體心情以及如何花這筆現金。結果是,把錢花在別人身上的人比那些把錢花在自己身上的人要快樂很多。

measurably [ ˈmɛʒərəbl̩ɪ ] adv. 顯著地

給予,是一種幸福 The Emotional Benefits of Prosocial Spending

Numerous other studies have demonstrated a consistent link between generous spending and happiness. This is true regardless of age, culture, and socioeconomic status. __4__ Namely, spending money on others results in the most happiness when one of three conditions is met: when spenders choose freely to offer help (rather than being asked or forced to do so), when spending offers the opportunity to connect with others, and when spenders are able to see the positive influence of their generosity.

許多其他的研究顯示,慷慨的支出和快樂之間存在著始終如一的連結。無論年齡、文化和社經地位如何都是如此。然而,有些特定條件更可能促進更大的快樂感。也就是說,當滿足以下三個條件之一時,將錢花在他人身上會帶來最大的快樂:當支出者自由選擇要提供幫助時(而非被要求或是被強迫這麼做)、當支出提供了與其他人建立良好關係的機會,以及當支出者能夠看到其慷慨所帶來的正面影響時。

demonstrate [ ˈdɛmənˌstret ] vt. 證明,顯示
consistent [ kənˈsɪstənt ] a. 始終如一的;一致的
generous [ ˈdʒɛnərəs ] a. 慷慨的,大方的
namely [ ˈnemlɪ ] adv. 也就是說
freely [ ˈfrilɪ ] adv. 自由地

 

(A) They were asked about their overall mood throughout the day, as well as how they had spent the cash.
(B) Some received a message that instructed them to spend the money on themselves before 5:00 p.m.
(C) There are, however, specific conditions that are more likely to promote greater amounts of happiness.
(D) Giving to others impacts the happiness of the giver and the receiver.

 

延伸學習|介紹表達「快樂,開心」的其他英文單字

happiness [ ˈhæpɪnɪs ] n. 快樂

  • joy [ dʒɔɪ ] n. 歡樂,快樂
  • pleasure [ ˈplɛʒɚ  ] n. 愉快,歡樂
  • delight [ dɪˈlaɪt ] n. 高興
  • bliss [ blɪs ] n. 極樂,狂喜
  • cheerfulness [ ˈtʃɪrfələns ] n. 歡樂,愉快

Ans: 1. D 2. B 3. A 4. C

>> 招財貓,招來財富與幸福 The Cat that Beckons

 篇章結構   電子報精選文章 

文章主講 Wesley

For it is in giving that we receive. – Francis of Assisi

「我們因為給予而獲得。」─ 亞西西的方濟各(編按:天主教聖人)

Indeed, treating ourselves to something nice can make us feel good. However, recent research has shown that prosocial spending—spending money on others—can lead to an even greater sense of happiness and well-being.

確實,買點好東西給自己可以使我們感覺良好。然而最近的研究表明,「親社會支出」─ 把錢花在別人身上 ─ 可以帶來更大的快樂和幸福感。

well-being [ ˌwɛlˈbiɪŋ ] n. 幸福;健康

Research into prosocial spending is relatively new, but the results are conclusive. __1__ Further, it helps contribute to a sense of community and belonging. In a study conducted by psychologists at Harvard Business School, passersby were handed an envelope. When people opened the envelope, they found a five-dollar bill along with a simple note. __2__ Others found a note that told them to spend this five dollars before 5:00 p.m. on a gift for someone else or a donation to charity.

親社會支出的研究相對較新,但結果無庸置疑。給予他人會影響給予者和接受者的快樂。此外,它有助於增強社區意識和歸屬感。在哈佛商學院心理學家進行的一項研究中,路人被遞上一個信封。當人們打開信封時,他們發現一張五美元鈔票跟一張簡單的紙條。有些人收到的訊息是要他們在下午五點前把這筆錢花在自己身上。另一些人的紙條則告訴他們於下午五點前將這五美元花在買禮物送別人或是捐贈給慈善機構上。

relatively [ ˈrɛlətɪvlɪ ] adv. 相對地
conclusive [ kənˈklusɪv ] a. 無可置疑的,決定性的
conduct [ kənˈdʌkt ] vt. 進行(調查、實驗等)
donation [ doˈneʃən ] n. 捐贈物(尤指捐款)

Later that evening, participants received a call. __3__ The result was that individuals who had spent the money on others were measurably happier than those who spent it on themselves.

當天晚上稍晚時,參與者接到一通電話。他們被詢問一整天的總體心情以及如何花這筆現金。結果是,把錢花在別人身上的人比那些把錢花在自己身上的人要快樂很多。

measurably [ ˈmɛʒərəbl̩ɪ ] adv. 顯著地

給予,是一種幸福 The Emotional Benefits of Prosocial Spending

Numerous other studies have demonstrated a consistent link between generous spending and happiness. This is true regardless of age, culture, and socioeconomic status. __4__ Namely, spending money on others results in the most happiness when one of three conditions is met: when spenders choose freely to offer help (rather than being asked or forced to do so), when spending offers the opportunity to connect with others, and when spenders are able to see the positive influence of their generosity.

許多其他的研究顯示,慷慨的支出和快樂之間存在著始終如一的連結。無論年齡、文化和社經地位如何都是如此。然而,有些特定條件更可能促進更大的快樂感。也就是說,當滿足以下三個條件之一時,將錢花在他人身上會帶來最大的快樂:當支出者自由選擇要提供幫助時(而非被要求或是被強迫這麼做)、當支出提供了與其他人建立良好關係的機會,以及當支出者能夠看到其慷慨所帶來的正面影響時。

demonstrate [ ˈdɛmənˌstret ] vt. 證明,顯示
consistent [ kənˈsɪstənt ] a. 始終如一的;一致的
generous [ ˈdʒɛnərəs ] a. 慷慨的,大方的
namely [ ˈnemlɪ ] adv. 也就是說
freely [ ˈfrilɪ ] adv. 自由地

 

(A) They were asked about their overall mood throughout the day, as well as how they had spent the cash.
(B) Some received a message that instructed them to spend the money on themselves before 5:00 p.m.
(C) There are, however, specific conditions that are more likely to promote greater amounts of happiness.
(D) Giving to others impacts the happiness of the giver and the receiver.

 

延伸學習|介紹表達「快樂,開心」的其他英文單字

happiness [ ˈhæpɪnɪs ] n. 快樂

  • joy [ dʒɔɪ ] n. 歡樂,快樂
  • pleasure [ ˈplɛʒɚ  ] n. 愉快,歡樂
  • delight [ dɪˈlaɪt ] n. 高興
  • bliss [ blɪs ] n. 極樂,狂喜
  • cheerfulness [ ˈtʃɪrfələns ] n. 歡樂,愉快

Ans: 1. D 2. B 3. A 4. C

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Sean Gale
Sean Gale
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