讀取中
正在加載···
公開精選文章

✶地球超載日: 8/2 起全球陷生態赤字 Earth Overshoot Day 2023 Quickly Passes

Earth Overshoot Day 2023 Quickly Passes
#環境·保育 #時事 #氣候 #永續發展 SDGs
12/20 解析英語

聽講解

 

聽朗讀

難度 收藏文章
地球超載日: 8/2 起全球陷生態赤字 Earth Overshoot Day 2023 Quickly Passes
2023 年八月二日成為一個意義重大的日子。這天是地球用完了每年資源預算的一天
>> ✶藍色慢活區教你長壽的祕訣 Blue Zones: The Secrets to Longevity
目錄 /
More to Learn
/
中文翻譯(& 答案)

新聞英語

        August 2 turned out to be a significant day in the year 2023. It was the day the Earth ran out of its annual resource budget, also known as Earth Overshoot Day or Ecological Debt Day. In less than eight months, humans used up all the natural resources the planet can regenerate within one year.

     To calculate Earth Overshoot Day each year, an organization called the Global Footprint Network collects data from the UN that includes the ecological footprint of each country as well as the biocapacity of the planet. Biocapacity refers to the planet’s ability to produce renewable resources and absorb waste. When the overshoot day passes each year, it means any natural resources used after the day cannot be replenished, and any extra carbon dioxideproduced will just accumulate in the atmosphere.

 

>> 藍色慢活區教你長壽的祕訣 Blue Zones: The Secrets to Longevity

        While Earth Overshoot Day 2023 is months earlier than December 25, the date of the first recorded Earth Overshoot Day in 1971, it is five days later than the previous year. This indicates that the rate at which we use our resources is gradually starting to slow down. However, many things still need to be done to move Earth Overshoot Day to the end of the year.
    The Global Footprint Network has stated that increasing the share
of low-carbon energy sources to 75% could push the date back by 26 days. Other things, such as halving food waste and reforesting land, could move the date back as well. If steps like these aren’t taken and overshoot days

continue to move up, natural disasters like heat waves, droughts, forest fires, and floods will only worsen.

 

What does biocapacity refer to?

(A) The size of each country’s ecological footprint.

(B) The number of days it takes for the planet to generate resources.

(C) The planet’s consumption of resources and release of greenhouse gases.

(D) The Earth’s ability to produce sustainable resources and soak up waste

2. According to the passage, how has Earth Overshoot Day changed over the years?
(A) The data used is different.
(B) It has moved back significantly.
(C) It has moved forward dramatically.
(D) The way it is calculated has changed.

Which of the following is NOT listed as an action that can delay Earth Overshoot Day?

(A) Raising the percentage of energy sources with low-carbon emissions.

(B) Manufacturing a greater quantity of recyclable products.

(C) Reducing food waste by 50%.

(D) Restoring forests.

 

答案: 1.D 2.C 3.B

 

單字片語整理

Words in Use
annual
[ˋænjʊəl]
a. 每年的;年度的,一年的
ecological
[͵ɛkəˋlɑdʒɪkəl/͵ikəˋlɑdʒɪkəl]
a. 生態 (學) 的
calculate
[ˋkælkjə͵let]
.vt. 計算;估計
absorb
[əbˋsɔrb]
vt. 吸收;理解
accumulate
[əˋkjumjə͵let]
vt. & vi. . 累積
atmosphere
[ˋætməs͵fɪr]
n. 大氣;空氣;氛圍
halve
[hæv]
vt. 減半
disaster
[dɪˋzæstɚ]
n. 災害,災難(尤指天災);大失敗
worsen
[ˋwɝsn]
vi. 惡化
sustainable
[səˋstenəb!]
a. 可維持的;可持續的
manufacture
[͵mænjəˋfæktʃɚ]
vt. & n. (用機器大量)生產,製造
overshoot
[ˋovɚˋʃut]
n. 超越/超出(某種限制或目標的現象)
footprint
[ˋfʊt͵prɪnt]
n. 腳印,足跡
biocapacity
[ˌbɑɪəkəˈpæsətɪ]
n. 生態承載力
share
[ʃɛr]
n. 一份
vt. & vi. 分享;分擔
low-carbon
[ˌloˈkɑrbən]
a. 低碳的
heatwave
[ˋhitwev]
n. 熱浪
drought
[draʊt]
n. 乾旱
emission
[ɪˋmɪʃən]
n. (氣體、光線等)排放
Practical Phrases
turn out to be
 結果/竟然是⋯⋯

All of townspeople believed in Tony,but he turned out to be a thief.
所有的鎮民都信任東尼,但他竟然是個小偷。

run out of sth
 用盡某物

Our car was running out of gas.

我們的車子快汽油了。

refer to...
 提到,言及…… 指的是⋯⋯

Cybercrime refers to any crime committed through the internet.
網路犯罪指的是任何透過網路所犯下的罪行。

slow down... / slow... down
 減緩/慢⋯⋯(的速度)

Your presentation is good, but remember to slow down the speed of your speech so that everyone can understand what you're saying.
你的報告很棒,但要記得放慢語速,這樣大家才能理解你在說什麼。

take steps to V
 採取措施做⋯⋯

The social media platform has taken steps to crack down on misinformation.
該社群媒體平臺已採取措施制裁不實資訊。

take steps
 採取措施
= take measures

We must take steps to expand our customer base. 
我們必須採取措施以拓展客戶群。

soak up... / soak... up
 吸乾某物 / 吸收某事

Young children are like sponges because they can soak up information incredibly quickly. 
幼童就像海綿,吸收資訊的速度快得驚人。

carbon dioxide
 二氧化碳
carbon dioxide
 二氧化碳

Plants absorb carbon dioxide and produce oxygen.
植物吸收二氧化碳並且製造氧氣。

a heat wave
 熱浪
a greenhouse gas
 溫室氣體

 

本文中出現好幾個以字首 re-(再)開頭的單字,整理如下:

The student passed out in class due to the intense heat.


a. regenerate  vi. 重新生長出

Forests have the remarkable ability to regenerate after wildfires.
森林具有在野火後重新生長的驚人能力。

b. renewable  a.(能源)可再生的

The businessman has decided to invest in renewable energy.
該生意人已經決定要投資可再生能源了。

The drought intensified and spread.

那場旱災加劇並擴散開來。

c. replenish  vt. 補充

We must use natural resources wisely— many of them cannot be replenished.
我們必須善用天然資源 ── 它們有很多是無法再填補的。

d. reforest  vt. 重新造林

They will reforest the area by planting trees this spring.
他們將在今年春天於這一區重新造林。

 

e. recyclable  a. 可回收的

These used envelopes are recyclable.
這些用過的信封可回收再利用。

f. restore  vt. 恢復

The police restored order to the city after the protesters got out of hand.
在抗議群眾失控後,警方恢復了該城的秩序。

以下再列舉一些其他常見用法:

 

g. recharge  vi. & vt. 恢復精力;再充電

Ted took a week off to recharge himself.
泰德休了一星期的假來讓自己充電。

The battery is dead, so it needs to be recharged.
這顆電池沒電了,所以需要再充電。

h. recover  vt. 重新獲得,找回

Zack helped me recover my lost contact lens.
柴克幫我找回遺失的隱形眼鏡。

i. renew  vt. 更新

Eric renewed his passport yesterday.
艾瑞克昨天換發了新護照。

 

j. reunion  n. 重聚
a class reunion  同學會

Bruce suggested this restaurant for the class reunion.
布魯斯提議在這家餐廳辦同學會。

 

地球超載日:8/2 起全球陷生態赤字

    2023 年八月二日成為一個意義重大的日子。這天是地球用完了每年資源預算的一天,也被稱為「地球超載日」或「生態負債日」。人類在不到八個月的時間,就耗盡了地球一年內能夠再生的所有自然資源。

    為了要計算每一年的地球超載日,一個名為「全球足跡網絡」的組織會從聯合國蒐集數據,其中包括每個國家的生態足跡以及地球的生態承載力。生態承載力指的是地球生產再生資源和吸收廢棄物的能力。當過了每年的超載日時,意味著該日之後所使用的任何自然資源都無法填補,而且任何額外產生的二氧化碳將只會累積在大氣中。

    儘管 2023 年地球超載日比於 1971 年首次記錄的地球超載日 ── 十二月二十五日 ── 提前了幾個月,卻比前一年晚了五天。這表示我們使用資源的速度正逐漸開始減緩。然而,仍然有許多事要完成,以將地球超載日推遲至年底。

    全球足跡網絡已聲明,將低碳能源的份額增加到 75%,可能得以將地球超載日推遲二十六天。其他像是把食物浪費減半和重新造林等措施,可能也會將日期往後推。如果不採取像這樣的措施、且超載日的現象持續提前的話,像是熱浪、乾旱、森林大火和洪水等自然災害只會變得更嚴重。

 

1. 生態承載力指的是什麼?

(A) 各國生態足跡的大小。
(B) 地球產生自然資源所需的天數。
(C) 地球的資源消耗和溫室氣體的排放。
(D) 地球產生永續資源和吸收廢棄物的能力。

2. 根據本文,地球超載日這些年來如何變化?

(A) 地球超載日使用的數據不同。
(B) 地球超載日大幅度地往後了。
(C) 地球超載日提前很多。
(D) 計算地球超載日的方式已經改變了。

3. 以下哪一項並被未列為可以推遲地球超載日的行動之一?

(A) 提高低碳排放能源來源的比例。
(B) 生產更多可回收的產品。
(C) 將食物浪費減少一半。
(D) 恢復森林。

 

 

 

回饋與建議

為了提供更好的閱讀體驗與學習感受,有任何建議或問題歡迎留言讓我們知道,感謝~
1000

學會了嗎?✋來答題得 熊贈點






作者

Analytical Editors
Analytical Editors
透過英文閱讀,一點一滴累積核心素養~別害怕看不懂,我們都會一一解析給你知道。歡迎來信告訴我們,你還想學什麼:service@ivy.com.tw
輸入關鍵字,免費領取單字包!