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✶照過來! 大胃王祕辛報你知 Eating as a Spectator Sport

Eating as a Spectator Sport
#閱讀測驗 #美食料理 #健康
1/16 解析英語

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照過來! 大胃王祕辛報你知 Eating as a Spectator Sport
當人們說吃東西是一項集體活動時,他們一般是指坐著 與他人共享餐點時所感受到的友誼和親密感。
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    When people talk about eating as a communal activity, they generally refer to the feeling of friendship and togetherness that comes from sitting down and sharing a meal with others. Yet, there is another way in which eating can be seen as a group experience: eating contests.

    Competitive eating contests challenge a person’s eating speed or overall food consumption. Such events draw huge crowds and have become more and more popular with the streaming capabilities of the internet. While no one knows for sure how long food competitions have been around, there is a 13th-century Norse myth that features an eating contest between the trickster god Loki and a giant’s servant. If the concept was prevalent enough to appear in ancient folklore, it had probably existed for a long time before that.

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    In the realm of contemporary eating contests, the governing body of the sport traces its roots back to 1916, when Nathan’s Famous in New York City held a hot dog eating contest. However, these early competitions were mostly publicity stunts or county fair sideshows. It wasn’t until the 1990s that competitive eating took off and rigorous regulations were also formed. A pair of brothers relaunched Nathan’s Famous’ contest as a major sporting event, and since then, the world has been introduced to fast-eating champions like Joey Chestnut and Takeru Kobayashi.

    In more recent years, a viral video trend known as mukbang, or eating shows, arose in South Korea in 2010. Either prerecorded or streamed, such videos show creators consuming large quantities of food in front of cameras. Viewers who often dine alone claim that watching these people eat makes them feel less lonely. Others find fulfillment in watching someone eat quantities that they themselves could never manage.

單字片語整理

Words in Use
spectator
[spɛkˋtetɚ]
n. 觀點
communal
[ˈkɑmjʊnl̩ / kəˈmjʊnl̩]
a. 集體的
competitive
[kəmˋpɛtətɪv]
a. 競爭的
overall
[ˋovɚ͵ɔl]
a. 整體的,大致的
consumption
[kənˋsʌmpʃən]
n. (能源、資源) 消耗 (量) ; 攝取 (食物) ; 消費 (皆不可數)
consume
[kənˋsjum]
vt. 消費;吃;喝;消耗
capability
[͵kepəˋbɪlətɪ]
n. 能力;軍事武力
myth
[mɪθ]
n. 神話;迷思,錯誤的想法
folklore
[ˋfok͵lor]
n. . 民間傳說(不可數)
prevalent
[ˋprɛvələnt]
adj. 盛行的,流行的
contemporary
[kənˋtɛmpə͵rɛrɪ]
n. 同時期的人
adj. 現代的;同時期的
rigorous
[ˋrɪgərəs]
a. . 嚴格的
viral
[ˋvaɪrəl]
a. 網路上迅速流傳的;病毒的
arise
[əˋraɪz]
vi. 產生,形成
fulfillment
[fʊlˋfɪlmənt]
n. 實現;成就(感)(= fulfilment〔英〕)
realm
[rɛlm]
n. 領土;(知識、興趣的)範圍
introduce
[͵ɪntrəˋdjus]
vt. 介紹;引進,推出(產品等)、使認識
togetherness
[təˋgɛðɚnɪs]
n. 親密無間
streaming
[ˋstrimɪŋ]
n. (影音的)串流
Norse
[nɔrs]
a. 古代斯堪地那維亞的(現在譯為北歐的)
trickster
[ˋtrɪkstɚ]
n. 惡作劇者;騙子
publicity
[pʌbˋlɪsətɪ]
n. 名氣;(公眾的)關注;宣傳
stunt
[stʌnt]
n. (通常指電影中的)特技 動作
sideshow
[ˋsaɪd͵ʃo]
n. 穿插節目
relaunch
[riˋlɔntʃ]
vt. 重新開辦
Practical Phrases
go viral
 在網路上迅速流傳

Within days, Sandy's blog about helping people in need went viral.
短短幾天內,珊蒂那個關於幫助貧困者的部落格在網路上迅速流傳

in the realm / area / field of... 
 在……的範圍 / 領域內

Henry is an expert in the realm of gardening.
園藝的領域中,亨利是個專家。

introduce A to B
 把 A 介紹給 B,向 B 介紹 A

The chairman introduced the speaker to the audience.
主席向聽眾介紹這位演講者。

The Dutch were the first to introduce tea to Europe.
首次將茶引進歐洲的是荷蘭人。

a governing body
 管理機構
a publicity stunt
 publicity stunt
a county fair
 (美國每年夏季的)縣市集

contestn n. 比賽,競賽
Eli entered the singing contest and won.
伊萊參加那場歌唱比賽,而且獲勝了。
competition [ :kampJ`tISJn ] n. 比賽,競爭
The competition between companies in the tech industry is fierce.
科技業裡,各大公司之間的競爭是很激烈的。


英文裡的「比賽」分很多種,以下介紹常見的用字:
a. contest 是指比較誰的能力較出色的比賽,而competition 可以指任何一種競賽或競爭。
b. game 是遊戲類的比賽,如:a card game(紙牌賽)。另外,game 也可以指兩人以上的球類運動比賽,如:a basketball game(籃球賽)。
c. race 表比速度的「競賽」,如:a car race(賽車)。
d. match 通常指兩人或兩隊對打的「運動比賽」,例如:a tennis match(網球比賽)、a boxing match(拳擊賽)。
e. tournament  是指要打很多場、逐漸
淘汰參賽者直到產生冠軍的「錦標賽」。
f. championship 尤指體育比賽的「冠軍賽;錦標賽」。

    當人們說吃東西是一項集體活動時,他們一般是指坐著與他人共享餐點時所感受到的友誼和親密感。但是還有另一種群體一起吃東西的體驗:大胃王比賽。

    大胃王比賽挑戰一個人吃東西的速度或整體的進食量。這樣的活動吸引龐大的群眾,且網路的串流功能使其變得愈來愈受歡迎。雖然沒有人能確定食物競賽存在多久,但有個十三世紀的北歐神話提到一場惡作劇之神洛基與一個巨人的僕人的吃東西競賽。如果這個概念盛行到出現在古老民間傳說中,那它可能更早以前就存在了。

    在現代大胃王比賽的領域中,這項運動的管理機構(編按:指 Major League Eating(職業大胃王聯盟),負責監管所有職業大胃王比賽的世界組織)追溯其起源至 1916
年,當時紐約市的納森熱狗店舉辦了吃熱狗大賽。然而,這些早期的比賽大多是宣傳噱頭,或是縣市集的穿插節目。直到 1990 年代,大胃王比賽才開始成功,也制定了嚴謹的規定。一對兄弟以大型運動賽事的規模重新開辦納森的比賽,自那時起,世界迎來了像是喬伊.徹斯納特和小林尊等快食冠軍。

    在更近期的幾年,被稱為吃播的爆紅影片趨勢於 2010年在南韓出現了。這樣的影片是以預錄或直播的方式呈現出創作者在鏡頭前吃下大量的食物。時常獨自吃飯的觀眾說,
看這些人吃東西讓他們覺得較不孤單。其他人則覺得,看著某人吃下自己永遠無法承受的食物量時,有一股滿足感。

本篇內容出自《常春藤解析/生活英語雜誌》,
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Lauren McCarthy
Lauren McCarthy
Your Attitude determine your direction.
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