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人類何時開始 翱翔天際 The Early Years of Human Flight

The Early Years of Human Flight
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人類何時開始 翱翔天際 The Early Years of Human Flight
。在 1783 年十一月二十一日這天,有兩個人乘坐著孟格菲兄弟打造的熱 氣球飛行,環繞了巴黎二十五分鐘,此舉也標誌著人類史上頭一遭的 自由飛行。
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Stephen、Minnie

The Wright brothers are famous for building and flying the world’s first airplane. However, the story of human flight started over 100 years before that with another pair of brothers: Joseph-Michel and Jacques-Éienne Montgolfier. Their family owned a paper manufacturing company in France, but the Montgolfier brothers dreamed of bigger things. Joseph-Michel was the more creative brother. He made his own parachutes and tested them by jumping off houses. Jacques-Éienne was better at business and had a talent for building things.

       In 1782, Joseph-Michel had a vision while staring into a fire. He imagined soldiers sailing into battle on a giant balloon powered by heat. He contacted Jacques-Éienne and he agreed to help him build it. Their first hot-air balloon test flight failed, but they made some improvements and tried again. They set up another flight with a rooster, a duck, and a sheep as their passengers. The flight lasted for eight minutes, and the balloon landed successfully. This gave them confidence that their hot-air balloon would be safe for humans. On November 21, 1783, two people went on a 25-minute flight around Paris in the Montgolfier’s hot-air balloon, making it the first free flight by humans in history. 

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