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以「火」攻「火」的奇效 Fighting Fire with Fire

Fighting Fire with Fire
5/9 解析英語

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以「火」攻「火」的奇效 Fighting Fire with Fire
火是一種長期讓人類愛恨交織的元素。它賜給我們光明和烹飪食物的能力,但它也很容易造成失火及破壞。
>> ✶ 肚子餓了嗎?先去讀書吧! Why You Should Always Learn on an Empty Stomach

 克漏字 

  Fire is an element that humans have long had a love-hate relationship with. It has given us light and the ability to cook food, but it also easily burns and causes destruction. When fires get out of control, they can burn entire neighborhoods and forests to the ground. Although wildfires are a natural part of a forest’s death and rebirth cycle, they often __1__ for any humans living nearby. The people of California know all too well how devastating these wildfires can be.

  Fire needs oxygen, heat, and fuel to burn. If you take any of these away, it will die. Therefore, the most practical approach to fighting fires would be to use water, as it would __2__ the heat. But this method tends to be applied when wildfires are already in progress, and it is not always successful. Firefighters have discovered that taking away a fire’s fuel is often a more __3__ strategy. They do this by starting their own “controlled” fires, which burn away dead trees, fallen logs, overgrown brush, and any other dry vegetation. A plan is made, an area is mapped out, and firefighters keep a close watch on the fires __4__ they are ready to be put out.

  Fighting fire with fire __5__ a winning solution for places like California. Recently, firefighters were able to stop a wildfire before it reached the Giant Forest, which is home to the biggest sequoia trees in the world.

 

1.   (A) provide assistance          (B) spell bad news

      (C) expand farmlands           (D) create extreme climates

2.   (A) eliminate      (B) acquire  (C) identify  (D) occupy

3.   (A) intensive      (B) noticeable    (C) effective (D) considerate

4.   (A) whether (B) once      (C) while     (D) until

5.   (A) used to be    (B) has proven to be (C) were to be   (D) must prove to be

 

 

答案:  1.   B    2.   A    3.   C    4.   D    5.   B

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單字片語整理

Words in Use
approach
[əˋprotʃ]
vt. & vi. 接近
n. 方法
brush
[brʌʃ]
n. 刷子
vt. 刷
destruction
[dɪˋstrʌkʃən]
n. 破壞(不可數)
vegetation
[͵vɛdʒəˋteʃən]
n. 植物 (總稱,不可數)
neighborhood
[ˋnebɚ͵hʊd]
n. 鄰近地區
fuel
[ˋfjʊəl]
vt. 激起(憤怒等)
n. 燃料
vi. & vt. 填加燃料
element
[ˋɛləmənt]
n. 要素
devastating
[ˋdɛvəs͵tetɪŋ]
adj. 毀滅性的
strategy
[ˋstrætədʒɪ]
n. 策略,謀略
wildfire
[ˋwaɪld͵faɪr]
n. 野火
rebirth
[riˋbɝθ]
n. 再生,重生,新生
overgrown
[ˋovɚˋgron]
adj. 草木叢生的
Practical Phrases
be / go out of control
 失控

The whole situation suddenly went out of control.
整個情況突然失控

get out of control
 失控
= be / go out of control

The forest fire got out of control nearly a week ago.
將近一週前的森林大火一發不可收拾。

in progress
 在進行中

Work on the subway is still in progress.
地鐵的施工仍在進行中。

map out... / map... out
 策劃⋯⋯;詳細安排⋯⋯

A series of policies has been mapped out by the president to manage the COVID-19 crisis.
總統已經策劃一系列的政策來因應新冠肺炎的危機。

keep a close watch on...
 密切觀察⋯⋯

The doctor requested that Andy keep a close watch on his injuries while dressing them.
醫生要求安迪上藥時密切觀察自己的傷口。

put out... / put... out
 撲滅⋯⋯ 發行/出版/製作⋯⋯

Smoking is not allowed here, so please put your cigarette out.
這裡不允許吸菸,所以請將你的菸熄掉

Taylor put out two albums in a year, which surprised a lot of fans.

泰勒在一年內發行了兩張專輯,讓許多粉絲很驚訝。

sequoia tree
 紅杉樹

內容皆出自《常春藤解析英語》與《常春藤生活英語》
2022/08/16 00:00 前購買即享
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作者

Leila Pereira
Leila Pereira
Train your mind to be stronger than your feelings.