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✶那些你不知道的醫護服裝二三事 Healthcare Uniforms: The Colors of Professionalism and Perception

Healthcare Uniforms: The Colors of Professionalism and Perception
#混合題型 #安全·醫療
3/27 解析英語

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那些你不知道的醫護服裝二三事 Healthcare Uniforms: The Colors of Professionalism and Perception
醫師通常穿白袍,但在醫院內還經常可以看到另一種服裝
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混合題型

    White coats are commonly worn by doctors, but there is another type of clothing typically found in hospitals. This plain-looking clothing is known as scrubs. Scrubs are made up of a loose-fitting top and comfortable pants with an elastic waistband. They were originally designed to protect wearers from patients’ body fluids or infectious substances in an operating room. The name “scrubs” comes from the fact that surgeons and nurses scrub their hands before surgery. Today, scrubs are worn by many hospital personnel.

    In contrast to doctors’ white coats, scrubs come in various colors. Several decades ago, surgeons wore white scrubs to emphasize cleanliness. However, this color intensified the brightness of the lights in the operating room. Thus, the color was changed to green, which allows surgeons to see the red color of blood clearly and reduce eye fatigue. In many operating rooms, it is required that all personnel wear scrubs for safety reasons. Normally, surgical scrubs are owned or leasedby hospitals to ensure sterility.

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    Other colors of scrubs are also common in hospitals. As blue is associated with calm emotions, it is worn by nurses or other healthcare workers who provide direct care for patients. Nurses who serve children or pregnant women tend to wear lighter-colored scrubs such as pink, which are considered warm and harmonious. Dental assistants and staff at private healthcare centers often wear white scrubs to show their professionalism. While there are no set rules for the colors of scrubs, they may potentially influence patients’ emotions.

1. What can we learn about the doctor’s coat from the Day 1 passage?(多選題)
(A) Only doctors could wear this kind of clothing in the past.
(B) Its color has remained the same since a change in the late 1800s.
(C) The white coat is now an accessory that makes doctors recognizable.
(D) Its color used to be the same as scientists’ clothing but is now different.
(E) The white coat is primarily worn for its ability to prevent contamination.
(F) The color of the doctor’s coat was changed to white to make it less threatening to patients.
2. Which word in the passage means “required by a law or rule”?(簡答)
____________________________________________________________________________________
3. What is the original purpose of wearing scrubs?(簡答)
They were worn to ____________________________________________________________________.

4. Please help the following people find the most suitable scrubs according to their jobs and place their names in the blanks.(填空)

♥ Kathy provides help during surgery.
♥ Mark takes care of little kids with rare diseases.
♥ Jill serves elderly patients living in hospital wards.
_____(a)_____ _____(b)_____ _____(c)_____

單字片語整理

Words in Use
protect
[prəˋtɛkt]
vt. & vi. 保護,防禦
scrubs
[skrʌbz]
n. (醫療人員穿著的)刷手服
elastic
[ɪˋlæstɪk]
a. 有彈性的
n. 橡皮筋(可數);鬆緊帶(不可數)
waistband
[ˋwest͵bænd]
n. 束腰帶
personnel
[͵pɝsnˋɛl]
n. 人員,員工(集合名詞);人事部
lease
[lis]
n. . 租約
vt. 租借
harmonious
[hɑrˋmonɪəs]
adj. 和諧的
accessory
[ækˋsɛsərɪ]
n. . 附加物件;衣物配件(皆常用複數)
recognizable
[ˋrɛkəg͵naɪzəb!]
a. 可分辨的,認得出的
loose
[lus]
a. 寬鬆的;鬆脫的;不受控制的
substance
[ˋsʌbstəns]
n. 物質
scrub
[skrʌb]
vt. 用力擦
n. 擦洗,擦淨(恆為單數)
surgery
[ˋsɝdʒərɪ]
n. 外科手術(不可數)
intensify
[ɪnˋtɛnsə͵faɪ]
vi. 加劇
vt. 增強,強化
ensure
[ɪnˋʃʊr]
vt. 確保
pregnant
[ˋprɛgnənt]
a. 懷孕的
assistant
[əˋsɪstənt]
n. 助理
a. 助理的
staff
[stæf]
n. (全體)職員(集合名詞,不可數)
vt. 為……配備人員(一般用被動)
potentially
[pəˋtɛnʃəlɪ]
adv. 可能地,潛在地
Practical Phrases
be made up of...
 由……組成

The puzzle is made up of a hundred pieces.
這個拼圖是一百片組成的。

protect A from B
 保護A免受B所害
= shield A from B
in contrast to... 
 與……成對比

The puppy appears small in contrast to its mother.
這隻小狗母狗比起來模樣小多了。

come in
 某物有⋯⋯的顏色/尺寸

The shirt comes in three sizes: small, medium, and large.
這款襯衫三種尺寸:小、中和大。

become / be associated with....
 與……有關

Lung cancer is mostly associated with smoking.
肺癌大多吸菸有關

an operating room
 手術室

surgeon  n. 外科醫師
The surgeon performed heart surgery that saved the patient’s life.
那位外科醫師動了一次拯救該病患性命的心臟手術。


以下介紹其他常見科別的「醫師」:

physician 內科醫師;醫師
dentist  牙醫
ENT doctor
ENT = ear, nose, and throat
耳鼻喉科醫師
pediatrician 小兒科醫師
dermatologist  皮膚科醫師
neurologist  神經科醫師
psychiatrist 身心科醫師
cardiologist 心臟科醫師

Family physicians diagnose and treat a range of health problems.
家醫科醫師會診斷並治療各種健康問題。
ENT doctors treat conditions that affect the ear, nose, and throat.
耳鼻喉科醫師會治療影響耳朵、鼻子和喉嚨的疾病。

In many operating rooms, it is required that all personnel wear scrubs for safety reasons.

介紹意志動詞的用法

句型:S + 意志動詞 + that + S + (should) + 原形動詞

意志動詞是表示建議、堅持、命令、要求等強烈意志的動詞,其後接 that 子句作受詞時,that 子句中須使用助動詞 should,但 should 可予以省略,直接接原形動詞。

The law requires that cars (should) give way to pedestrians who are crossing the road.

法律規定,汽車須讓正在過馬路的行人通過。

意志動詞共有以下五大類:

要求:ask、demand、desire、request、require。

Our client desired that we (should) complete the project within a month.

我們的客戶要求我們在一個月內完成該企劃。

建議:advise、move、propose、recommend、suggest、urge。

Kent proposed that we (should) go to the movies this weekend.

肯特建議我們這週末去看電影。

命令:command、order。

The commander ordered that all soldiers (should) retreat.

指揮官命令所有士兵撤退。

規定:regulate、rule、prescribe、stipulate。

It is regulated that all students living at the dorm (should) return to their room by 10 p.m.

住宿的學生被規定要在晚上十點前回到自己的房間。

主張:advocate、maintain、insist。

The organization advocates that women (should) have salaries equal to those of

men.

該組織主張女性應跟男性同酬。

-------------------------------------------------------------------------

 精選試題 

The manager demanded _____ the problem by the end of today.

(A) that Jim solves (B) Jim solving

(C) that Jim solve (D) Jim is to solve

 

答案:C

    醫師通常穿白袍,但在醫院內還經常可以看到另一種服裝。這種看起來樸素的服裝被稱為刷手服。刷手服是由寬鬆的上衣和舒適、有鬆緊帶的長褲組成。起初,刷手服的設計是要保護穿著者在手術室內不會接觸到病患的體液或傳染性物質。scrubs 這個字的由來是外科醫師和護理師在手術前會刷洗(scrub)他們的雙手。如今,許多醫事人員都會穿刷手服。
    相對於醫師的白袍,刷手服有各種顏色。數十年前,外科醫師穿白色的刷手服以強調乾淨。但是這個顏色會增強手術室內的光線亮度。因此,刷手服的顏色變成綠色,這讓外科醫師得以看清血的顏色,也能降低眼睛疲勞。在許多手術室中,所有人員都因為安全而被要求穿著刷手服。一般來說,手術用的刷手服是醫院所有或要跟醫院租借以確保無菌。
    其他顏色的刷手服在醫院裡也很常見。因為藍色和平靜的情緒有關聯,提供病患直接照護的護理師或其他醫療照護工作者會穿著藍色。照護小孩或孕婦的護理師往往會穿如粉紅色等較淺色的刷手服,這些顏色的刷手服被認為是溫暖且和諧的。牙醫助理和私人醫療中心的員工常穿白色的刷手服來展現自身的專業。雖然刷手服的顏色沒有固定的規則,但其顏色可能會對病患的情緒有潛在影響。

1. 我們從第一天文章中可以得知關於醫師袍的什麼事?
(A) 過去只有醫師可以穿這種服裝。 (B) 其顏色自從 1800 年代末期改變後就維持不變。
(C) 白袍現在是能辨認出醫師的一項配件。 (D) 其顏色過去曾跟科學家的服裝一樣,但現在不同了。
(E) 一開始會穿白袍是因其能避免汙染。 (F) 醫師袍的顏色被改成白色是為了讓其較不會嚇到病患。
2. 文中哪一個字的意思是 “required by a law or rule”?
3. 起初穿著刷手服的目的是什麼?
4. 請根據以下人員的工作,幫他們找出最適合的刷手服,並將名字填入空格中。
♥ 凱西在手術期間提供協助。
♥ 馬克照顧罹患罕見疾病的孩童。
♥ 吉兒照護住在醫院病房的年長病患。
題解: 根據第二天文章第二段,在手術室中穿著綠色刷手服較佳;最後一段則提到,提供病患直接照顧的醫護人員會穿藍色刷手服;照護小孩或孕婦的護理師往往會穿粉紅色。由此可知,凱西應穿綠色,(b) 應填 Kathy;馬克適合穿粉紅色,(a) 應填 Mark;而吉兒可以穿藍色,(c) 應填 Jill。

 

答案:
1. B、C
2. mandatory / Mandatory.
3. protect wearers from patients’ body fluids or infectious substances in an operating room
4. (a)Mark (b)Kathy (c)Jill

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