讀取中

正在加載···

生活英語精選文章

綠色新潮 風靡全球!

Greener Pastures
JUN. 12, 2020
Enjoy Editors
目錄 / Words & Phrases / Extra Words & Phrases / Tips in Use / 中文翻譯&答案

The concern for the environment has produced some new human hobbies.
人類因為對環境問題的擔憂而培養了一些新的嗜好。

  Everyone in the modern world agrees that jogging is good for the body, and cleaning up litter is good for the planet. In recent years, some people have been getting the benefits of both by doing them at the same time. The name for this activity is “plogging.” The activity started in Sweden in 2016, when the term was first coined by Erik Ahlström, an athlete who saw it as a way to encourage people to pick up litter.
  The word “plogging” combines two words. The first term is plocka upp, which is the Swedish way to say picking up. The second term is jogging. Putting them together gives us plogging, a brand new word for an environmentally-friendly exercise.
  Since 2016, plogging has spread worldwide. The Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi even went plogging to promote fighting pollution in India. The exercise is a great way for communities to raise awareness of environmental issues. Ploggers organize events in cities and places of natural beauty. At the end of each event, the planet is a little cleaner, and the participants a little more fit.

Words & Phrases

1. concern n. 擔心;憂慮(的事情)
Our major concern with this project is the cost.
我們對這個案子最憂心的地方就是它的成本問題。
2. litter n. 垃圾,廢棄物(不可數)
After summer vacation was over, that beautiful beach was full of litter.
暑假過後,那片美麗的沙灘上到處都是垃圾。
3. benefit n. 益處
Research has found that people can get health benefits from listening to light music.
研究發現,聆聽輕音樂對人體健康有所助益。
4. coin vt. 發明(新字詞)
The writer likes to coin new words in his novels.
那位作家喜歡在他的小說裡發明新字。
5. combine vt. 結合
Vicky combined mangos and ice cream to make a delicious dessert.
薇琪混合芒果和冰淇淋,做成了一道美味的甜點。
6. brand new a. 全新的
John likes to show off his brand new sports car whenever he can.
約翰只要有機會就喜歡炫耀他的新跑車。
7. raise awareness (of / about...)  提高(關於……的)意識
awareness n. 意識
The purpose of this ad is to raise awareness about the dangers of smoking.
這則廣告的目的在於提高人們對吸菸危害的關注。
8. fit a. 健康的
To stay fit, you should exercise every day.
要保持健康就應該每天運動。

Extra Words & Phrases

 greener pastures n. 更好的新地方;更好的職位
    pasture n. 牧草地

 participant n. 參與者

Tips in Use

-friendly 所形成的複合形容詞
-friendly 可以當作字尾,和其他單字搭配形成複合形容詞。常見的意思有下列兩種:
1. 表「對……無害的,不破壞……的」,如本文第二段中的 environmentally-friendly 就是由 environmentally(環境地)和 friendly 所組成,表「對環境無害的,環保的」。常見的字尚有下列:
eco(生態)+ -friendly
= eco-friendly 不破壞生態的,環保的
ozone(臭氧)+ -friendly
= ozone-friendly 對臭氧層無害的
 Single-use cups are not encouraged since they are not really eco-friendly.
一次性使用的杯子並不鼓勵使用,因為它們不環保。
2. 表「對……友善的;方便……的;適合……的」,如下面的用法:
tourist(觀光客)+ -friendly
= tourist-friendly(對觀光客友善的)
user(使用者)+ -friendly
= user-friendly(方便用戶的,便於使用的)
family(家庭)+ -friendly
= family-friendly(適合全家的)
 I decided to buy this laptop because it is very user-friendly.
我決定買這臺筆電,因為它相當容易操作。
 That new restaurant is quite family-friendly.
那家新開的餐廳非常適合家庭聚餐。

中文翻譯&答案

綠色新潮 風靡全球!
人類因為對環境問題的擔憂而培養了一些新的嗜好。 

  現代世界中的每個人都同意慢跑有益身體健康,而清垃圾則對地球有幫助。近年來,有些人因為同時做這兩件事而在雙方面都獲益良多。這種活動的名字就叫做「plogging」。此活動始於 2016 年的瑞典,當時是由艾瑞克‧阿爾斯壯最先創造出這個字,這位運動員認為本活動是鼓勵人們撿拾垃圾的一種好方法。
  plogging 結合了兩個字。第一個字是 plocka upp,也就是瑞典語的「撿起」。第二個字是 jogging(慢跑)。兩個字湊在一起就成了 plogging 這個代指一項環保運動的全新單字。
  自 2016 年起,plogging 已拓展到全世界。印度總理納倫德拉‧莫迪甚至也參與了 plogging,用以推廣印度國內對抗汙染的行動。這項運動是提高各個社群對環境議題相關意識的絕佳方法。plogging 的參與人士會在城市間及自然風景優美處安排活動。在每場盛會落幕後,地球就變得更乾淨了些,與會人士也稍微變得更健康。

「新朋友獨享~3個月打造英語耳」樂讀方案,小量訂閱常春藤生活英語雜誌 3 期>>

想看完整文章內容嗎?《常春藤生活英語》雜誌裡有更多實用的單字片語、例句與文法補充喔!

點我訂閱回家看 >>