JUL. 24, 2020
Enjoy Editors
目錄 / I Got it / Extra Words & Phrases / Words & Phrases / 中文翻譯&答案

Slanted seats are supposed to get employees off the toilet and back to work.

 In the modern world of big business, it may seem like workers are being treated like robots. At companies like Amazon, workers are often pushed to the edge of exhaustion so that the company’s deliveries can be shipped out faster. Some companies even record the eye movements of employees at their desks so that they can _(1)_ their productivity at work.

 With a mind for maximizing worker productivity, there is even a new type of toilet seat _(2)_ to discourage long bathroom breaks. Instead of a horizontal seat which is great for sitting and relaxing, StandardToilet has a seat with a 13-degree decline. This means that people who sit to use the restroom will experience _(3)_ leg strain after a few minutes. As a result, employees are likely to spend less time on the toilet and get back to their desks more quickly.

 Does this toilet seat go too far? Many companies don’t think _(4)_. They believe that every minute an employee is being paid, they should be working. StandardToilet claims that over NT$150 billion is _(5)_ the toilet by employees in the UK in lost productivity each year due to excess time spent in the bathroom. With StandardToilet in the restroom, there might be one less place for workers to catch their breath.

1. (A) decrease (B) neglect (C) convince (D) monitor
2. (A) designing (B) designed (C) to design (D) has designed
3. (A) uncomfortable (B) irresponsible (C) pleasant (D) healthy
4. (A) it (B) such (C) so (D) same
5. (A) stolen from (B) invested in (C) thrown out (D) flushed down

「新朋友獨享~3個月打造英語耳」樂讀方案,小量訂閱常春藤生活英語雜誌 3 期>>



I Got it

1. 第一題空格應選 (D) monitor
a. (A) decrease  vt. 減少

The delay in production has decreased the company’s profits.


 (B) neglect  vt. 疏忽,忽略

Jeff was so busy that he often neglected his family.

 (C) convince  vt. 使相信;說服

Sam tried to convince his mother to let his friends stay over.

 (D) monitor  vt. 監視,監控

This new device can accurately monitor your blood sugar levels.

b.    空格前提到有些公司甚至會錄下員工在辦公桌前的眼球動作,得知錄影屬於「監視」的舉動,故 (D) 為正選。


2. 第二題空格應選 (B) designed
a. 本空格測試形容詞子句化簡為分詞片語的用法:限定修飾的形容詞子句中,若關係代名詞作主詞時,此形容詞子句可化簡為分詞片語。

化簡原則為:刪除關係代名詞,之後的動詞變成現在分詞,若動詞為 be 動詞,變成現在分詞 being 後可省略。

b. 本句可還原為:a new type of toilet seat which is designed to discourage long bathroom breaks。

根據化簡原則,先刪除關係代名詞 which,之後的 be 動詞 is 變成現在分詞 being 後予以省略,保留過去分詞 designed,得知 (B) 為正選。

3. 第三題空格應選 (A) uncomfortable
a. (A) uncomfortable a. 不舒服的

Sean does not enjoy drinking coffee because it makes his stomach uncomfortable.

(B) irresponsible a. 不負責任的

It was very irresponsible of David to put off doing his work until the last minute.

(C) pleasant a. 令人愉快的

(D) healthy a. 健康的

b. 空格前提到,StandardToilet 採用下斜十三度的馬桶座椅;空格後則說,員工花在坐馬桶的時間可能會比較少,然後更迅速地回到自己的辦公桌。

由此推知,坐馬桶的人過幾分鐘之後就會感受到「不適的」腿部壓力,故 (A) 應為正選。

4. 第四題空格應選 (C) so

a. 本空格在測試 so 作代名詞的用法:so 可作代名詞,用來代替前面句中所提過的情況、概念或事物,而且多置於及物動詞 do(做)、think(認為)、hope(希望)之後。

I asked Al to quit smoking, but he refused to do so.

b. 根據上述,so 可用來代替前句中所提 “this toilet goes too far” 的概念,得知 (C) 為正選。

5. 第五題空格應選 (D) flushed down
a. (A) steal sth from...  從……偷竊某物

Judy’s purse was stolen from her bag.

(B) invest A in B  將 A 投資在 B 上

If you want to play it safe, don’t invest all of your money in the stock market.

(C) throw...out / throw out...  丟棄……

The naughty kid threw out his ball from the moving car.

(D) flush...down the toilet  將……從馬桶沖走

Don’t forget to flush the tissue down the toilet.

b. 本空格後出現「馬桶」,根據語意得知應為「沖掉」,故 (D) 應為正選。

Extra Words & Phrases

 slanted a. 傾斜的
 productivity n. 生產力
 horizontal a. 水平的
 decline n. 下降
 strain n. 壓力;拉力,張力

Words & Phrases

1. tilt vt. & vi.(使)傾斜

The old man tilted his body to one side to make himself more comfortable on the sofa.

2. exhaustion n. 筋疲力竭,疲憊不堪

Every night after work, Max comes home feeling nothing but a sense of exhaustion.

3. excess a. 過多的;多餘的

Martha avoids eating cake since she wants to cut excess amounts of sugar from her diet.

4. catch sb’s breath  某人喘口氣

Working hard to make ends meet, Allen rarely has time to catch his breath.




  為了達到將員工生產力極大化的想法,現在甚至有公司設計出了一款新型的馬桶座椅來防止員工長時間上廁所。StandardToilet 採用了下斜十三度的座椅,而非適合坐著放鬆的水平馬桶座。這意味著坐馬桶的人過幾分鐘之後就會感受到不適的腿部壓力。因此,員工花在坐馬桶的時間可能會比較少,然後更迅速地回到自己的辦公桌。

  這款馬桶座椅是否做得太過火了?許多公司可不這麼認為。他們相信員工拿薪水所過的每一分鐘都應該要賣力工作。StandardToilet宣稱,英國每年因員工待在廁所太久而被他們「沖走」的生產力相當於新臺幣一千五百多億元。廁所裡設有 StandardToilet 的話,員工可能又少了一個得以喘口氣的去處了。

答案:1. (D) 2. (B) 3. (A) 4. (C) 5. (D)


點我訂閱回家看 >>