文章主講 Bruce, Antony
For decades, the 40-hour work week has been more or less the standard . Most people clock in at nine in the morning and leave around five in the afternoon. But why is 40 hours a week considered the right amount of time?
It all goes back to the Industrial Revolution in the early 19th century. Back then, American factory workers routinely worked 80 to 100 hours a week. This was of course very tiring and unhealthy. By the mid-19th century, many were calling for a standard eight-hour workday.
In 1869, US President Ulysses Grant passed a law for an eight-hour day for government workers. Then, in 1926, auto manufacturer Henry Ford found that an eight-hour workday actually increased workers ’ efficiency. What ’ s more, he realized that for the economy to grow, people needed more free time to spend the money they earned . By 1940, the 40-hour work week was required by national law in America. Employees who worked longer than eight hours a day would receive a higher rate of pay for the additional hours.
在 1869 年，美國總統尤里西斯‧格蘭特通過一條法令讓政府員工每天工作八小時。接著，在 1926 年，汽車生產業者亨利‧福特發現一天八小時的工時其實提高了工人的效率。此外，他意識到如果經濟要有所成長，人們得有更多的休閒時間花他們賺到的錢。到了 1940 年，美國的法律已規範一週四十小時的工時。一天工作超過八小時的員工會因為額外的工時而獲得更高的工錢。
Our idea of what a perfect schedule looks like is still changing today. Some companies are experimenting with 32-hour weeks and three-day weekends. So far, the results are mixed , but as technology and people ’ s needs change, our work schedules will as well.
You Can Do This 英文試金石
Ans: 1. standard 2. tiring 3. earned