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印度新冠疫情再度爆發,黑真菌感染雪上加霜

India Faces Second Wave of COVID-19
JUN.07,2021
常春藤編輯

 臺灣疫情快訊 
In May, hundreds of domestic COVID-19 cases were reported in Taiwan. The sharp rise in local transmissions led the CECC to raise the alert to level 3 for all of Taiwan.
在五月,臺灣有數百起本土新冠肺炎案例通報。由於本土感染情況急遽增加,疫情指揮中心因而將全臺提升到第三級警戒。

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印度新冠疫情再度爆發,黑真菌感染雪上加霜
source: Copyright (c) 2021 Mr Subir Halder/Shutterstock.  No use without permission.

India Faces Second Wave of COVID-19

In mid-March, India began seeing a rapid rise in COVID-19 infection rates, marking the start of a second wave that made India one of the worst affected countries at the time. By the end of April, India was reporting more than 400,000 recorded daily cases. Amid this second wave of infections, doctors reported a number of cases of patients with a rare fungal infection.

Referred to as “black fungus,” the infection was found in recovering or recovered COVID-19 patients. The infection affects the sinuses, brain, and lungs, and physicians believe that it may have been triggered by steroid treatments. In mid-May, the World Health Organization expressed concern about the B.1.617 variant in India and reported that it had been found in 44 countries across the globe.

印度新冠疫情再度爆發,黑真菌感染雪上加霜

三月中旬,印度的新冠肺炎感染率開始急速上升,顯示第二波疫情已然開始,這使得印度成為當時受疫情影響最嚴重的國家之一。截至四月底,印度匯報的每日病例記錄超過四十萬例。在第二波感染中,醫生公布了若干患者罹患罕見真菌感染的病例。

這種稱為「黑真菌」的感染是在康復中或已康復的新冠肺炎患者身上發現的。這種感染會影響鼻竇、腦部與肺部,醫生認為這可能是由類固醇治療所引起。五月中旬,世界衛生組織表示印度的 B.1.617 變種病毒令人擔憂,並公布全球已有四十四國發現了這種病毒。(取材自《常春藤解析英語》)

infection [ ɪnˈfɛkʃən ] n. 感染;傳染病
amid [ əˈmɪd ] prep. 在(紛亂、嘈雜)的事件中
fungal [ ˈfʌŋgəl ] a. 真菌的,由真菌引起的
fungus [ ˈfʌŋgəs ] n. 真菌
refer to A as B  稱 A 為 B
sinus [ ˈsaɪnəs ] n. 鼻竇
physician [ fəˈzɪʃən ] n. 醫生(正式用法)
trigger [ ˈtrɪgɚ ] vt. 引發(尤指一系列事件)
steroid [ ˈstɛrɔɪd ] n. 類固醇
variant [ ˈvɛrɪənt ] n. 變種,變異體
globe [ glob ] n. 地球,世界(與定冠詞 the 並用)

 

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作者介紹

常春藤編輯
常春藤編輯
不一要學好英文,但我們懷著不斷學習的心,關心腳下踩的這片土地。若有其他想學的英文,歡迎來信告訴我們:service@ivy.com.tw