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✶蛋塔的奇幻旅程 The Wonderful World of Egg Tarts (上)【本篇為全程英文講解】

The Wonderful World of Egg Tarts
#閱讀測驗 #美食料理 #娛樂·新奇 #全英文講解
6/22 解析英語

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蛋塔的奇幻旅程 The Wonderful World of Egg Tarts
蛋塔是在全世界受到喜愛的美味酥皮點心,但這受到 萬千寵愛的甜點從何而來?
>> ✶萬中無一的超級味覺者 Are You a Picky Eater or a Supertaster?
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閱讀測驗

        The egg tart is a delicious pastry-based snack loved the world over, but what is the origin of this much-adored dessert? In modern times, it is considered an Asian invention. However, like many things, it appears that the tart’s origin story lies in colonialism.

        Egg tarts were actually invented in either Portugal or England many centuries ago. Historical records suggest that they were served at the coronation of King Henry IV of England in 1399. Even further back in history, in the 1200s, Portuguese monks at Jerónimos Monastery in Lisbon are believed to have started making egg tarts using egg yolks after previously encountering various delicious pastries in France. Fast-forward to 1820, and monks at the same monastery began selling egg tarts to a nearby sugar refinery to sustain the monastery. Unfortunately, due to a changing political climate in Portugal, the monastery eventually closed down in 1834 and sold their recipe to the owner of the refinery, which subsequently transformed into a bakery. There, you can still buy egg tarts made using the original recipe.

 

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        Regarding how the egg tart came to Asia, it is likely to have been introduced to China when Portuguese sailors first arrived in Guangzhou in 1513. Much later in the 1840s, Hong Kong became a British colony. Tea restaurants offering Western dishes began popping up after World War II. There they created modifications of egg tarts, French toast, and even milk tea. These restaurants continue to thrive.

        This, in a nutshell, is the history of the egg tart and how it became popular in Asia. The most certain thing is that no matter where you believe egg tarts came from, once you start eating them, you won’t be able to stop.

 

單字片語整理

Words in Use
introduce
[͵ɪntrəˋdjus]
vt. 介紹;引進,推出(產品等)、使認識
climate
[ˋklaɪmɪt]
n. 氣候(指某地長期的氣象型態)
political
[pəˋlɪtɪk!]
a. 政治的
adore
[əˋdor]
vt. 喜愛;崇拜
sustain
[səˋsten]
vt. 維持(生命)
modify
[ˋmɑdə͵faɪ]
vt. 修改
modification
[͵mɑdəfəˋkeʃən]
n. 修改
encounter
[ɪnˋkaʊntɚ]
.vt. 遭遇
n. 與……不期而遇(名詞時常與介詞 with 並用)
recipe
[ˋrɛsəpɪ]
n. 食譜;祕訣
thrive
[θraɪv]
vi. 繁榮,興隆 ; 繁茂地生長
pastry
[ˋpestrɪ]
n. 糕點
colony
[ˋkɑlənɪ]
n. 殖民地;一群同類且有組織的動物
monk
[mʌŋk]
n. (天主教)修士;和尚
yolk
[jok]
n. 蛋黃
monastery
[ˋmɑnəs͵tɛrɪ]
n. 修道院,僧院
fast-forward
[͵fæstˋfɔrwɚd]
vi. 快轉
subsequently
[ˋsʌbsɪ͵kwɛntlɪ]
adv. 後來,接著
colonialism
[kəˋlonɪəl͵ɪzəm]
n. 殖民政策/主義
tart
[tɑrt]
n. 塔(一種西式餡餅)
coronation
[͵kɔrəˋneʃən]
n. 加冕典禮
refinery
[rɪˋfaɪnərɪ]
n. 精製廠,提煉廠
Practical Phrases
close down
 關門大吉,倒閉,歇業
= shut down
lie in..
 在於……

The strength of the movie lies in its plot.
這部電影的優點在於它的情節。

introduce A to B
 把 A 介紹給 B,向 B 介紹 A

The chairman introduced the speaker to the audience.
主席向聽眾介紹這位演講者。

The Dutch were the first to introduce tea to Europe.
首次將茶引進歐洲的是荷蘭人。

pop up
 (突然)出現

I didn’t invite Frank, but he just popped up at the party.
我沒有邀請法蘭克來,但他卻突然出現在派對裡。

 

蛋塔是在全世界受到喜愛的美味酥皮點心,但這受到 萬千寵愛的甜點從何而來?在現代,蛋塔被認為是亞洲人 發明的。然而,跟許多事物一樣,蛋塔的起源故事似乎在 於殖民政策。

蛋塔其實是在好幾世紀前於葡萄牙或英格蘭發明的。 歷史紀錄顯示,蛋塔曾在 1399 年於英格蘭國王亨利四世 的加冕典禮上供應。再更久遠一點至1200 年代,有人認 為里斯本熱羅尼莫斯修道院的葡萄牙修士過去在法國接觸 到美味的糕點後,便開始使用蛋黃製作蛋塔。時間快轉到 1820 年,同間修道院的修士開始販售蛋塔給鄰近的糖廠 以支撐修道院。不幸的是,因為葡萄牙政治局勢的改變, 該修道院最後在 1834 年關閉了,他們便將蛋塔的食譜 賣給糖廠老闆,那間糖廠後來則變成了一間麵包店。在那 裡,你仍可以買到用最初的食譜製成的蛋塔。

關於蛋塔是如何傳至亞洲,可能是在 1513 年葡萄牙 水手首次登陸廣州時傳入中國。過一段時間到了 1840 年 代,香港成為英國殖民地。二戰後,提供西方餐點的茶 餐廳開始出現。他們做出蛋塔、法式吐司甚至奶茶的修改 版。這些餐廳至今仍生意興隆。

簡而言之,這就是蛋塔的歷史,以及蛋塔是如何在 亞洲受到歡迎。最能確定的事是,不管你認為蛋塔起源何 處,一旦你開始吃蛋塔,就停不下來了。

 

本篇內容出自《常春藤解析/生活英語雜誌》,
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Mark Darvill
Mark Darvill
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