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回顧歐盟緣起 From Trade to Unity: The Formation and Growth of the EU

From Trade to Unity: The Formation and Growth of the EU
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回顧歐盟緣起 From Trade to Unity: The Formation and Growth of the EU
經歷第一次世界大戰和第二次世界大戰後,歐洲成了一 片廢墟。
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歷史迴廊

        After World War I and II, Europe was in ruins. In an effort to promote peace, stability, and economic cooperation, the European Union (EU) began to take shape in 1951 with the establishment of the European Coal and Steel Community (ECSC). This initiative was proposed in 1950 with the aim of creating a common market for steel and coal across its member countries— France, Germany, Italy, Belgium, the Netherlands, and Luxembourg—and preventing future wars.

        In 1957, these six countries signed the Treaty of Rome, leading to the creation of the European Economic Community (EEC). Its primary objective was to establish a common market by eliminating trade barriers and facilitating the free movement of people, goods, services, and capital among its member states. The EEC also aimed to promote growth and economic development throughout Europe. In 1967, the ECSC, the EEC, and the European Atomic Energy Community merged and eventually developed into the modern-day EU.

 

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單字片語整理

Words in Use
formation
[fɔrˋmeʃən]
n. 形成,構成;(軍語)隊形
stability
[stəˋbɪlətɪ]
n. 穩定 (性) (不可數)
cooperation
[ko͵ɑpəˋreʃən]
treaty
[ˋtritɪ]
n. 條約,協定
eliminate
[ɪˋlɪmə͵net]
vt. 消除,排除;殲滅 (敵人)
barrier
[ˋbærɪr]
n. 障礙(物)
facilitate
[fəˋsɪlə͵tet]
vt. 促進,幫助
merge
[mɝdʒ]
vi. & vt. (使)合併
profound
[prəˋfaʊnd]
a. 深遠的;很有深度的
currency
[ˋkɝənsɪ]
n. 貨幣
catastrophic
[͵kætəˋstrɑfɪk]
adj. 災難性的
overlook
[͵ovɚˋlʊk]
vt. 忽略;俯瞰
take shape
成形,形成
integration
[͵ɪntəˋgreʃən]
n. 整合
citizenship
n. 公民身分
neighboring
[ˋnebərɪŋ]
adj. 鄰近的
Brexit
[brɛzit]
n. 英國脫離歐盟
Practical Phrases
be in ruins
 淪為/成為廢墟

The small town was in ruins after a volcanic eruption.
這座小鎮在一場火山爆發後淪為廢墟

with the aim of...
 旨在⋯⋯;為了⋯⋯的目的

The band is currently on tour with the aim of raising money for children with rare diseases.
該樂團目前正在巡迴演出幫罹患罕見疾病的孩童募款。

come into force
 生效,實施

The new regulations come into force as of today.
新規定自即日起生效

pave the way for
 為……鋪路;為……奠基

The decision paved the way for a future merger with another company.
這個決定日後與別家公司的合併案打下基礎

be driven by...
 被⋯⋯驅動

Mary is driven by the need to be the best at everything she does.
每件事都要做到最好的這種動力驅使著瑪麗。

本篇內容出自《常春藤解析/生活英語雜誌》,
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作者

Marcus Aurelius Maurice
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