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北半球陷極端天氣威脅 A Summer of Extreme Weather in the Northern Hemisphere

A Summer of Extreme Weather in the Northern Hemisphere
#時事 #氣候 #永續發展 SDGs
11/2 解析英語

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北半球陷極端天氣威脅 A Summer of Extreme Weather in the Northern Hemisphere
似乎每年一到夏季,新聞標題就會突然湧現關於致命的 極端天氣事件報導。
>> 花蓮外海發生強烈7.2級地震 Strong 7.2 earthquake strikes off Hualien

新聞英語

        It seems that once the summer months roll around each year, the news is suddenly packed with headlines about deadly extreme weather events. 2023 has been no exception to this trend. Multiple severe weather conditions have wreaked havoc across the Northern Hemisphere. Europe has experienced intense heat waves that have resulted in fatalities, while torrential downpours in South Korea have caused dangerous landslides and flash floods around the country.

        Parts of France, Spain, Italy, Croatia, and Greece have all experienced extreme heat waves, with temperatures soaring well above 40°C in July. On the Italian islands of Sardinia and Sicily, temperatures reached near the European record high of 48.8°C. In Greece, major tourist attractions had to be shut down when temperatures peaked during the middle of the day to prevent tourists from getting heatstroke or other heat-related conditions. Even places in central parts of Europe that are known for having mild summers, like Germany and Poland, have seen temperatures rise far beyond the norm during this time of year.

 

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單字片語整理

Words in Use
headline
[ˋhɛd͵laɪn]
vt. 給……加標題
n. (報紙)標題
severe
[səˋvɪr]
a. 嚴厲的;十分嚴重的
severely
[səˋvɪrlɪ]
adv. 嚴重地
fatality
[fəˋtælətɪ]
n. 死亡
torrential
[tɔˋrɛnʃəl]
adj. (雨)猛烈的
soar
[sor]
vi. 急升,飛漲 ; 翱翔
mild
[maɪld]
a. (天氣)溫暖的;(個性)溫和的;(食物)味道淡的
norm
[nɔrm]
n. 常態;平均水準(均須置定冠詞 the);規範(常用複數)
unprecedented
[ ʌn`prɛsəˌdɛntɪd ]
a. 史無前例的
devastation
[͵dɛvəsˋteʃən]
n. 極大的破壞
evacuate
[ɪˋvækjʊ͵et]
vi. & vt. . 撤離
predict
[prɪˋdɪkt]
vt. 預測
hemisphere
[ˋhɛməs͵fɪr]
n. (地球)半球
downpour
[ˋdaʊn͵por]
n. 傾盆大雨
landslide
[ˋlænd͵slaɪd]
n. (指泥土與石頭滑動而造成的)坍方(可數)
heatstroke
[ˋhit͵strok]
n. 中暑
nationwide
[ˋneʃən͵waɪd]
adj. 全國性的
adv. 在全國
regrettably
[rɪˋgrɛtəb!ɪ]
adv. 令人遺憾地
Practical Phrases
hit the headlines
 被媒體大肆報導
roll around
 (時間)到來

By the time Friday rolls around, I will be ready for the weekend.
星期五到來時,我會為週末做好準備。

be no exception
 不例外

Most kids love dessert, and Barry is no exception.
大多數的小孩喜歡甜食,巴瑞也不例外

wreak havoc
 造成嚴重破壞

The severe storms have wreaked havoc on the crops.
這場嚴重的暴風雨對農作物造成嚴重破壞

shut down... / shut... down
 關門大吉,倒閉,歇業

It’s a pity that this grocery store is going to shut down.
很可惜這家雜貨店要關門大吉了。

take a toll
 造成損害

All the extra weight took a toll on the obese man's joints. 
所有額外的重量都對那名肥胖男子的關節有害

be at risk of
 有⋯⋯的風險

Tom is at risk of getting kicked off the soccer team.
湯姆被踢出足球隊的風險

a heat wave
 熱浪
a flash flood
 暴洪(指短時間內突然暴發的洪水)

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