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享受孤獨!日本「超級獨身」文化崛起 Going Solo in Japan

Going Solo in Japan
6/1 解析英語

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享受孤獨!日本「超級獨身」文化崛起 Going Solo in Japan
如今在日本,看到人們獨自露營、健行或看電影並不足為奇…
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 文意選填 

  Humans are very social creatures. Because of this, we generally prefer doing things with others rather than by ourselves. This is particularly true in Japanese culture, where __1__ have traditionally been expected to take part in activities as a member of a group. However, this __2__ has begun to change in recent years with the rise of “super solo” culture.

  As the name suggests, this trend refers to people doing things on their own rather than with other people. Perhaps the most common of these activities is __3__. In the past, it was actually considered embarrassing or even __4__ to be seen eating alone in a restaurant or workplace cafeteria. This is no longer the case. In fact, it’s now common to see restaurants and noodle shops that provide __5__ for single diners. There are even pubs and karaoke establishments that cater to singles. In Japan these days, it’s not surprising to see people camping, hiking, or going to a movie by themselves.

  There are a number of factors that have __6__ to the rise of the “super solo” trend. Since fewer and fewer people are getting married and having children nowadays, the number of single-person households is on the rise. It’s __7__ that within the next two decades, about half of the population will be living alone. People living alone generally have more __8__ pressure since they are unable to share living expenses with roommates or family members. This means they may have to work longer hours, which leaves them less time to do things with others. By serving this growing market sector, restaurants and other __9__ have begun to normalize the nation’s solo consumers.

  Despite the rise of “super solo” culture, Japan still remains a largely collective society with __10__ values. Attitudes towards how people should live their lives have been gradually changing, though. For now, it seems the number of people “going solo” will continue to rise.

(A) estimated   (B) shameful   (C) conservative   (D) businesses   (E) seating   (F) individuals   (G) concept    (H) dining   (I) contributed   (J) financial

 

答案:   1.    F    2.    G    3.    H    4.    B    5.    E   6.  I     7.    A    8.    J     9.    D    10.  C

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單字片語整理

Words in Use
suggest
[səˋdʒɛst]
vt. 建議;暗示
embarrassing
[ɪmˋbærəsɪŋ]
a. 令人尷尬的
alliance
[əˋlaɪəns]
n. 結盟
collective
[kəˋlɛktɪv]
a. 集體的, 共同的
n. 集體企業
largely
[ˋlɑrdʒlɪ]
adv. 大大地;大部分
consumer
[kənˋsjumɚ]
n. 消費者
household
[ˋhaʊs͵hold]
n. 家庭(= family)
a. 家用的;家庭的
particularly
[pɚˋtɪkjəlɚlɪ]
adv. 特別地;尤其
lunar
[ˋlunɚ]
a. . 月亮的,與月亮有關的
corpse
[kɔrps]
n. (尤指人類的)屍體
cafeteria
[͵kæfəˋtɪrɪə]
n. 自助餐廳
celebrated
[ˋsɛlə͵bretɪd]
adj. 著名的,有名的
clump
[klʌmp]
n. 塊狀物
Practical Phrases
refer to...
 提到,言及…… 指的是⋯⋯

Cybercrime refers to any crime committed through the internet.
網路犯罪指的是任何透過網路所犯下的罪行。

cater to...
 滿足 / 提供……的需求……〔美〕

This brand of clothing caters to athletes, especially 
runners and cyclists.
此服裝品牌滿足了運動員的需求,尤其是跑者和騎腳踏車的
人。

be unable to V
 不能做……

Jennie was unable to conduct the research.
珍妮無法進行這份研究。

be on the rise
 上升

Oil prices are on the rise.
油價上漲中。

內容皆出自《常春藤解析英語》與《常春藤生活英語》
2022/10/16 00:00 前購買即享
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作者

Angus Bain
Angus Bain
There are secret opportunities hidden inside every failure.