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✶花見 日本賞花文化 The Japanese Tradition of Hanami

The Japanese Tradition of Hanami
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花見 日本賞花文化 The Japanese Tradition of Hanami
日本一直以來都是世界各地人們的熱門旅遊目的地。
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    Japan has long been a popular tourist destination for people worldwide. Travelers love to experience the country’s unique culture, stunning sites, and delicious cuisine. Springtime is a particularly popular period to visit. Cherry blossoms, or sakura, are in full bloom, and tourists and locals alike can take part in hanami.

     __1__ The word hanami literally translates to “flower viewing.” While hanami can be as simple as taking a stroll through a park with blooming cherry trees, the activity is typically much more elaborate. __2__ They can spend the entire day eating food, chatting with their companions, and of course, enjoying the beautiful scenery.

 

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    While there is some debate about the origins of this tradition, most people believe it started during the Nara period from 710 to 794. __3__ The first hanami festival that celebrated cherry blossoms was organized by Emperor Saga during the Heian period. By the time of the Edo period from 1603 to 1868, the trend to hold cherry blossom viewing parties had spread from the nobility to the general public. Hanami has only grown in popularity since then.

    Participating in hanami can be beneficial to people’s mental health. Relaxing in a park surrounded by the soft pink hues of cherry blossoms can help relieve stress and calm the mind. __4__ The anti-inflammatory  properties of cherry blossom extracts provide relief from redness, rashes, and irritations. Furthermore, cherry blossoms are rich in antioxidants that help cleanse the skin. So if you visit Japan in the spring, enjoy cherry blossoms’ mental and physical benefits.
 

(A) Additionally, cherry blossoms are known for having physical benefits.

(B) Hanami is the Japanese tradition of viewing cherry blossoms when they are in bloom during the spring.

(C) During this time, the Japanese royal court originally observed plum blossoms, an activity exported from China.

(D) Friends and families will head to parks with trees in bloom early in the morning and set up picnic blankets.


 

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   Japan has long been a popular tourist destination for people worldwide. Travelers love to experience the country’s unique culture, stunning sites, and delicious cuisine. Springtime is a particularly popular period to visit. Cherry blossoms, or sakura, are in full bloom, and tourists and locals alike can take part in hanami.

     Hanami is the Japanese tradition of viewing cherry blossoms when they are in bloom during the spring. The word hanami literally translates to “flower viewing.” While hanami can be as simple as taking a stroll through a park with blooming cherry trees, the activity is typically much more elaborate. Friends and families will head to parks with trees in bloom early in the morning and set up picnic blankets. They can spend the entire day eating food, chatting with their companions, and of course, enjoying the beautiful scenery.

  While there is some debate about the origins of this tradition, most people believe it started during the Nara period from 710 to 794. During this time, the Japanese royal court originally observed plum blossoms, an activity exported from China. The first hanami festival that celebrated cherry blossoms was organized by Emperor Saga during the Heian period. By the time of the Edo period from 1603 to 1868, the trend to hold cherry blossom viewing parties had spread from the nobility to the general public. Hanami has only grown in popularity since then.

    Participating in hanami can be beneficial to people’s mental health. Relaxing in a park surrounded by the soft pink hues of cherry blossoms can help relieve stress and calm the mind. Additionally, cherry blossoms are known for having physical benefits. The anti-inflammatory  properties of cherry blossom extracts provide relief from redness, rashes, and irritations. Furthermore, cherry blossoms are rich in antioxidants that help cleanse the skin. So if you visit Japan in the spring, enjoy cherry blossoms’ mental and physical benefits.

 

單字片語整理

Words in Use
destination
[͵dɛstəˋneʃən]
n. 目的地
literally
[ˋlɪtərəlɪ]
adv. . 照字面地,直譯地;真正 / 確實地
elaborate
[ɪˋlæbə͵ret]
vt. & vi. 詳細說明,闡述
a. 精緻的
organize
[ˋɔrgə͵naɪz]
vt. 組織
beneficial
[͵bɛnəˋfɪʃəl]
a. 有益的
surround
[səˋraʊnd]
vt. 環繞
relieve
[rɪˋliv]
vt. 減輕;緩和
property
[ˋprɑpɚtɪ]
n. 財產(不可數);特性(可數)
cleanse
[klɛnz]
vt. 使清潔
stunning
[ˋstʌnɪŋ]
a. 令人吃驚的
cuisine
[kwɪˋzin]
n. 菜餚
nobility
[noˋbɪlətɪ]
n. 貴族 ; 高貴 (不可數)
hue
[hju]
色調
anti-inflammatory
[͵æntɪɪnˋflæmə͵torɪ]
a. 抗炎的
extract
[ɪkˋstrækt]
n. 萃取物
vt. 提煉;摘錄;獲取(情報、錢)
rash
[ræʃ]
n. 疹子
a. 草率的
irritation
[͵ɪrəˋteʃən]
n. . 生氣;發炎
antioxidant
[͵æntɪˋɑksədənt]
n. 抗氧化劑
Practical Phrases
take part in...
 參與......,參加……
= participate in...

How many students took part in the speech contest?

這次演講比賽有多少學生參加?

translate to / into...
 意同/意思相當於⋯⋯

The Spanish word “hola” translates to “hello”in English.
西班牙語單字 hola 在英語中意同 hello。

take a stroll
 散步
= go for a walk
= go for a stroll
= take a walk

We took a stroll around the picturesque city of 
Prague and enjoyed its relaxing atmosphere. 
我們在風景如畫的布拉格城裡散步,享受它悠閒的氣氛。

grow in popularity
 越來越受歡迎

That actress has grown in popularity after starring in the hit movie.

那位女演員演出那部賣座電影後越來越受歡迎

be rich in...
 含有豐富 / 大量的......

Guavas are rich in Vitamin C.

芭樂含有豐富的維生素 C。

Avocados are rich in vitamin C.
酪梨含有豐富的維他命 C。

1. 第一題空格應選 (B)

 理由 

a. 本空格在測試對段落主題句的掌握,空格前一段最後提到 hanami(花見),而本段皆在解釋何謂花見,可推測空格應帶出花見這個主題。

b. 選項 (B) 表示,花見是日本在春天櫻花盛開時賞花的傳統,語意連貫,說明了花見是什麼活動,可知答案應選 (B)。

2. 第二題空格應選 (D)

 理由 

a. 本空格在測試對段落語意連貫性的掌握,空格前一句提到,花見可以是很簡單的在開滿櫻花的公園裡散步,但這個活動其實複雜得多,而後一句提到,他們(They)可以花一整天的時間野餐、賞花,可知空格應進一步說明花見這項活動實際的內容,以及應會提及某一群人。

b. 選項 (D) 表示,親朋好友們會在一大早前往開滿櫻花的公園並鋪好野餐墊,語意連貫,且後一句的代名詞 They 指的即是選項中的 Friends and families(親朋好友們),可知答案應選 (D)。

3. 第三題空格應選 (C)

 理由 

a. 本空格在測試對段落語意發展的掌握,前一句提到,大多數人認為花見始於 710 至 794 年的奈良時代,可推測本句應進一步說明當時的花見活動為何,或是如何開始的。

b. 選項 (C) 表示,在當時,日本皇室一開始是賞梅花,這是從中國傳播出去的活動,語意連貫,且選項中的 this time 指的即是前一句的 710 至 794 年的奈良時代,可知答案應選 (C)。

4. 第四題空格應選 (A)

 理由 

a. 本空格在測試對段落語意連貫性的掌握,前兩句提到花見對心理健康的好處,後一句則提到櫻花萃取物可緩解一些實際的身體症狀,可推測空格應說明櫻花除了有心理上的好處外,也對身體健康有益。

b. 選項 (A) 表示,此外,櫻花也以對身體有益而聞名,語意連貫,且選項中以 Additionally(此外)作為轉折,從櫻花對心理的好處轉而繼續介紹其對生理的好處,可知答案應選 (A)。

blossom  n.(尤指果樹的)花

The peach tree was covered with blossoms.

那棵桃樹開滿了花。


以下介紹 blossom 的其他用法:

a. in (full) blossom  (花朵)盛開

We walked through the garden, admiring all the flowers in full blossom.

我們走過花園,欣賞著所有盛開中的花朵。

b. blossom 亦可作不及物動詞,表「開花」。

The plum tree is blossoming.

那棵梅子樹正在開花。

c. 表「發展」。

blossom into...  發展成⋯⋯

Our small fishing village has now blossomed into an international port.

我們的小漁村現已發展成國際港口。

----------------------------------------------------------------

bloom 亦表「開花」,介紹如下:

bloom  n.(觀賞植物的花)開花 & vi.(花朵)盛開

a. 作名詞

in (full) bloom  (花朵)盛開

Tulips are in full bloom in April in the Netherlands.

在荷蘭,鬱金香於四月盛開。

b. 作不及物動詞

The lilies Tina planted last month are finally blooming.

蒂娜上個月種的百合終於開花了。

c. bloom 作不及物動詞時也可表「蓬勃發展,繁盛」。

Ted’s talent for dance bloomed at the age of four.

泰德四歲時就展露了舞蹈天分。

    日本一直以來都是世界各地人們的熱門旅遊目的地。遊客熱愛體驗該國的獨特文化、令人驚豔的場所,以及美味的佳餚。春天更是特別受歡迎的旅遊時節。櫻花(日文稱sakura)滿開,遊客和當地人都可以參與花見。
    花見是日本在春天櫻花盛開時賞花的傳統。hanami 一詞字面上譯成「花見」。雖然花見可以是很簡單的在有著盛放櫻花樹的公園裡散步,但這個活動通常都要複雜得多。親朋好友們會在一大早前往開滿櫻花的公園並鋪好野餐墊。他們可以花一整天的時間吃東西、與同伴聊天,當然還有欣賞美麗的景緻。
    雖然對於這項傳統的起源有一些爭論,但大多數人認為其始於 710 至 794 年的奈良時代。在當時,日本皇室一開始是賞梅花,這是從中國傳播出去的活動。最初慶祝櫻花的花見節慶是在平安時代由嵯峨天皇所舉辦的。到了 1603 至1868 年間的江戶時代,舉行賞櫻派對的流行從貴族傳到了平民大眾。從那時起,花見的受歡迎程度只增不減。
    參與花見對人們的心理健康可能有好處。在公園裡的淡粉色櫻花包圍下放鬆,有助於紓壓和平靜心靈。此外,櫻花也以對身體有益而聞名。櫻花萃取物的抗發炎特性可以緩解發紅、疹子和發炎。另外,櫻花也富含抗氧化物,可以幫助清潔皮膚。所以如果你在春天造訪日本,就好好享受櫻花所帶來的身心靈好處吧。

答案: 1 B 2 D 3 C 4 A

本篇內容出自《常春藤解析/生活英語雜誌》,
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