讀取中
正在加載···
公開精選文章

✶聖誕老人進化史大揭曉 How the Modern Santa Came to Be

How the Modern Santa Came to Be
#國外 #節日 #時事 #人物 #神話
12/25 生活英語

聽講解

 

聽朗讀

難度 收藏文章
聖誕老人進化史大揭曉 How the Modern Santa Came to Be
人見人愛的聖誕老人與他的起源故事
>> 【英文感謝用語大全】從「表達感謝」到「回覆感謝」一次學會!
目錄 /
Tips in Use 重點解析
/
You Can Do This 英文試金石
/
中文翻譯

追根究底 本集 精彩教學影片(講解老師:Shane& Betty老師)

 

    The story behind the jolly old man we all know and love.

    Christmas is celebrated throughout the world. Almost everyone knows the image of Santa Claus, also known as Old St. Nick. After all, he is hard to miss with his bright red clothing and big white beard. But who is Santa Claus, and why is he associated with Christmas, a holiday that represents the birth of Jesus?

    Long before the birth of Jesus, many cultures already celebrated festivals in winter, where people gathered and shared gifts. Over time, many of these traditions became part of Christmas. Some believe the big, jolly fellow giving gifts in the middle of winter may take after figures like Odin from Norse mythology or Dionysus from Greek traditions.

>> 比薩斜塔其實是建築業的黑歷史!?The Leaning Tower of Pisa: From Flawed Construction to Tourist Marvel

    The name Santa Claus comes from Sinterklaas, which is a character from Dutch folklore based on Saint Nicholas. Saint Nicholas was a Greek bishop   from the 4th century. The Catholic Church made him a saint because of his many kind acts, such as giving gifts to the poor. He inspired many people to help those in need. Eventually, people began to celebrate his legacy each December. Unlike the figures from mythology and folklore, Saint Nicholas was a real historical figure whom we still remember today.

單字片語整理

Words in Use
beard
[bɪrd]
n. 下巴及兩耳下方的鬍鬚
represent
[͵rɛprɪˋzɛnt]
vt. 代表;象徵
fellow
[ˋfɛlo]
n. (男)人;同伴;(大學裡有領獎學金的)研究生
adj. 同伴的
character
[ˋkærɪktɚ]
n. 性格;品格(不可數);(書、劇中的) 角色;(中文、日文等的)文字
jolly
[ˋdʒɑlɪ]
a. . 快樂的
adv. 很,非常
vt. (說好聽的話)哄(某人)
n. 尋歡作樂(可數)
associate
[əˋsoʃɪɪt]
vi. 交往
vt. 使有關聯
folklore
[ˋfok͵lor]
n. . 民間傳說(不可數)
bishop
[ˋbɪʃəp]
n. 主教
legacy
[ˋlɛgəsi]
n. 遺產;歷史遺產
Practical Phrases
after all
 終究;畢竟

You should forgive Laura. She is your sister after all.
你應該原諒蘿拉。她終究是你的妹妹啊。

take after...
 長得像⋯⋯;與⋯⋯相像

It is clear that Tom's son takes after him.
很明顯地,湯姆的兒子長得很像他。

be based on / upon sth
 依據某物
= be grounded in / on...

The movie was based on a true story.
這部電影是根據一個真實故事所拍攝的。

in need
 (資源或金錢缺乏而)需要幫助的 / 窮困的

This charity helps Africans in need eat well and stay warm.
這個組織援助需要幫助的非洲人吃飽穿暖。

A kind woman helped Tina when she was in need.
提娜窮困的時候有一位熱心的女士幫了她。

 

♦「be known + 介詞 + 名詞」的常見組合
1. be known as + 身分/稱號
以⋯⋯身分出名/為人所知;被稱為⋯⋯
※ 本文即為此用法。

例: Mount Everest is known as the tallest mountain in the world.
聖母峰以全世界最高山峰為人所知。

2.be known for sth  因某事物聞名/為人所知
例: The city is known for its rich culture.
該城市因其豐富的文化聞名。

3.be known to sb  為某人所(熟)知
例: The hidden path to the beach is known to the locals.
通往海灘的隱密小徑是當地人所熟知的。

4.be known to sb  為某人所(熟)知
※ by 之後常接特色或行徑等名詞。
例: The singer is best known by her powerful voice.
這名歌手憑藉她強而有力的歌聲而為人所知。

請從下欄選出最適合的句子來完成該句
___ The artist said that the painting
___ Every month, Kate gives some money
___ Dave wants to look more mature,
A. to help those in need.
B. represents her love for nature.
C. so he is trying to grow a beard.
D. because he takes after his father.

 

 

 

答案: 1. B 2. A 3. C

人見人愛的聖誕老人與他的起源故事
  世界各地都會慶祝聖誕節。幾乎每個人都知道聖誕老人的形象,他也以聖尼古拉斯老人的身分為人所知。畢竟,他穿著鮮紅的衣服,留著大白鬍子,很難被忽視。但聖誕老人是誰,為什麼他與聖誕節這個代表耶穌誕生的節日有關聯?
  早在耶穌誕生之前,許多文化已在冬天慶祝節日,人們會齊聚一堂分享禮物。隨著時間推移,許多這類的傳統成為聖誕節的一部分。有人相信這位在冬天期間發送禮物的歡樂大傢伙可能與北歐神話的奧丁或希臘傳統中的戴歐尼修斯等人物相似。
  聖誕老人的名稱來自於 Sinterklaas,他是以聖尼古拉斯為根據的荷蘭民間傳說人物。聖尼古拉斯是西元四世紀的希臘主教。由於他的眾多善舉,例如贈送禮物給窮人,天主教會封他為聖人。他啟發許多人去幫助窮困的人。最終,人們開始在每年十二月慶祝他的傳奇。與神話和民間傳說人物不同的是,聖尼古拉斯是一位我們至今仍記得的真實歷史人物。

想看完整文章內容嗎?《常春藤生活英語》雜誌裡有更多實用的單字片語、例句與文法補充喔!

點我訂閱回家看 >>

本篇內容出自《常春藤解析/生活英語雜誌》,
2024/06/16 00:00 前買享優惠
Ivy Engrest 訂戶在訂閱期間訂閱紙本(無贈品版本)再享最低 62折優惠!)>>
【雜誌訂閱】機會命運請選擇

回饋與建議

為了提供更好的閱讀體驗與學習感受,有任何建議或問題歡迎留言讓我們知道,感謝~
1000

學會了嗎?✋來答題得 熊贈點






作者

Enjoy Editors
Enjoy Editors
學英文就是要暢所欲言才夠酷▝ν▘希望讓大家學到更多英文單字、正確發音及最道地的用法,讓我們成為你在英語學習道路上的最佳戰友!歡迎來信給我們鼓勵鼓勵:service@ivy.com.tw
輸入關鍵字,免費領取單字包!