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✶ 你所不知道的老虎 Five Fun Facts You Probably Didn’t Know about Tigers

Five Fun Facts You Probably Didn’t Know about Tigers
7/22 解析英語

聽講解

 

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你所不知道的老虎 Five Fun Facts You Probably Didn’t Know about Tigers
(全英文講解) 老虎是現存最大的貓科動物
>> 貓狗寶貝大節日! A Day to Celebrate Your Furry Friends
目錄 /
More to Learn
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Grammar Tips
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中文翻譯(& 答案)

閱讀測驗  (全英文講解) 

        Tigers are the largest cats in existence. Below you’ll learn some lesser-known facts about these awe-inspiring creatures.

1. Tigers have an excellent memory. 

        Did you know that tigers have one of the best memories of any animal? In fact, their short-term memory is even better than that of humans. Studies show that tigers can remember information for 30 seconds longer than we can.

2. A group of tigers is called an ambush or a streak.

        You can remember these terms if you keep in mind that tigers attack their prey by ambushing them, and that they have streaks of black on their orange fur. However, tigers are usually solitary animals.

3. Tigers can imitate the sounds of other animals.

        A useful hunting skill that tigers possess is the ability to copy sounds made by their prey. For example, they’ve been heard making a “pook” sound similar to that of the sambar deer, one of their favorite meals. This ability can trick the deer into thinking the approaching tiger is one of them.

4. Tiger urine smells like buttered popcorn.
        While this may be the weirdest fact on the list, it is undeniably true (according to those who’ve taken a
whiff). It’s not because tigers enjoy this movie theater snack, though. It’s just that their pee, along with that of a few other mammals in the world, contains a chemical that, by coincidence, has the same smell.

5. Tigers don’t see humans as prey.

        You’ll be happy to know that you don’t look like lunch to a tiger. Even though we are quite easy to catch, tigers don’t seem to have a taste for human meat. There have been cases of tigers eating humans, though, so it’s not a good idea to test this fact out.

 

 

 

1. What type of passage is this?

(A) Fictional.

(B) Informational.

(C) Opinion-based.

(D) News-oriented.

2. What can we learn about tigers from the passage?

(A)  They have better long-term memory than humans.

(B)  They can change color to match their environment.

(C)  They have never preyed on humans.

(D)  They seldom spend time in groups.

3. Which of the following aspects regarding tigers is NOT mentioned in the passage?

(A) Their hunting skills.

(B) Scent left by them.

(C) Habitats suitable for them.

(D) Their dietary preferences.

4. Which of the following parts serves as an inspiration for naming a group of tigers?

 

page69image32200176 

 

(A) a. (B) b. (C) c. (D) d.

答案:1. B   2. D.  3. C   4. D 

>> ✶ 你所不知的鯊魚二三事 Fun and Fascinating Facts about Sharks

單字片語整理

Words in Use
approach
[əˋprotʃ]
vt. & vi. 接近
n. 方法
trick
[trɪk]
n. 惡作劇;竅門;把戲
vt. 欺騙
prey
[pre]
n. 獵物(集合名詞,不可數)
vi. 捕食
possess
[pəˋzɛs]
.vt. 擁有,持有;(鬼魂)附身於(用於下列片語中)
imitate
[ˋɪmə͵tet]
vt. 模仿,仿效
coincidence
[koˋɪnsɪdəns]
n. 巧合
habitat
[ˋhæbə͵tæt]
n. (動物) 棲息地
mammal
[ˋmæm!]
n. 哺乳動物
solitary
[ˋsɑlə͵tɛrɪ]
a. . 單獨的
awe-inspiring
[ˋɔɪn͵spaɪərɪŋ]
a. 令人敬畏/欽佩的
whiff
[hwɪf]
n. 一股淡淡的氣味
urine
[ˋjʊrɪn]
n. (正式用法) pee
pee
[pi]
n. 尿(口語用法)
dietary
[ˋdaɪə͵tɛrɪ]
a. (有關)飲食的
Practical Phrases
in existence
 現存

This is the oldest building in existence in our town.
這是我們鎮上現存最古老的建築物。

keep in mind + that 子句
 牢記/記住⋯⋯

Keep in mind that without hard work, you will get nowhere.
要記住,不努力你就會一事無成。

have a taste for...
 喜愛/愛好⋯⋯

Harry has a taste for expensive clothes.
哈利喜歡穿昂貴的衣服。

test sth out / test out sth
 測試某物

The teacher let the students test out their designs during the class.
這名老師讓學生在課堂上測試他們的設計。

 

ambush [ ˋæmbʊʃ ]

n. 一群(老虎)& n. & vt. 埋伏,伏擊

An ambush of tigers was spotted roaming around the lake.

 有人發現一群老虎在那座湖邊遊走。

The troops ambushed the enemy in the dense woods.

該部隊埋伏在茂密的樹林中伏擊敵人。


以下介紹其他陸地哺乳動物表「一群」的用法:

a. 一群老虎亦可說 “a streak of tigers”。

streak [ strik ] 原為「條紋,條痕」之意。

b. herd [ hɝd ] n. 一群(牛、馬等)

a herd of cattle / deer / horses 一群牛/鹿/馬

Running in front of a herd of angry bulls is a popular activity in Spain.

在一群發怒公牛面前奔跑是西班牙的一項熱門活動。

c. flock [ flɑk ] n.(羊的)群

a flock of goats / sheep 一群山羊/(綿)羊

(sheep 單複數同形,此處為複數)

We saw a flock of sheep grazing on the hillside.

我們看見一群羊在山坡上吃草。

*graze [ grez ] vi.(動物)吃草

d. pack [ pæk ] n. 一群(狼、狗等)

There is a pack of stray dogs living in the park.

有一群流浪狗住在那個公園裡。

e. pride [ praɪd ] n.(獅)群

Lions are sociable animals. They live and hunt as a pride.

獅子是群居動物。牠們以群體方式生活及打獵。

 

 

Tiger urine smells like buttered popcorn.

介紹感官動詞的重要用法

感官動詞一共有五個,均譯成「......起來」:

look → 看起來 sound → 聽起來
smell → 聞起來 taste → 嚐起來
feel → 感覺起來  

※ 這五個感官動詞之後一律接形容詞(或可作形容詞用 的分詞)作補語。

Ed seemed to be nervous because his speech sounded unnatural.

艾德似乎很緊張,因為他說話聽起來很不自然。

This short film looked professional even though it was shot by an amateur.

這部短片雖然是業餘人士拍的,但看起來很專業。 

※ 感官動詞若要與名詞並用時,則須在之後加上介詞 like(像⋯⋯),再接名詞(本文即為此用法):

look / sound / smell / taste / feel like + 名詞 

看起來/聽起來/聞起來/嚐起來/感覺起來像⋯⋯

My clothes smelled like grass after I used new detergent.

在我用了新的洗衣精後,我的衣服聞起來像青草。

The dish tasted like chicken, but it was actually tofu.

這道菜嚐起來像雞肉,但它其實是豆腐。 

► 比較 feel 的以下用法:

feel like + 名詞 感覺像⋯⋯

feel like + 動名詞 想要(做)⋯⋯

When singing on stage, Glenn felt like a superstar.

葛倫在臺上唱歌時,感覺自己就像超級巨星。

Jill felt like throwing up after drinking too much bubble tea.

吉兒喝了太多珍奶後想吐。

※ smell、taste、feel 亦可當完全及物動詞,後接名詞 作受詞,但此時意思則改變為:

 smell → 聞、taste → 嚐、feel → 摸 

I suddenly became hungry when I smelled the delicious food.

當我聞到美食的香味時,突然餓了起來。

The chef tasted the sauce and added more salt.

那名廚師嚐了嚐醬料,接著加了更多的鹽。

Danny touched the cat and felt its soft fur.

丹尼觸摸那隻貓,摸摸牠柔軟的毛。

 


 精選試題 

 

The soup my brother made _____ rotten eggs. 

(A) tasted

(B) tasted like

(C) sounded

(D) sounded like

 

 答案:B 

 

 

你所不知道的老虎

 

老虎是現存最大的貓科動物。以下將帶你看看這種雄偉 動物較鮮為人知的一些事實。

1. 老虎擁有絕佳記憶力。

你知道老虎的記憶力是所有動物中數一數二好的嗎?實 際上,牠們的短期記憶甚至比人類更好。研究顯示老虎能夠 記憶資訊的時間還比我們多三十秒。

2. 一群老虎稱為 ambush 或 streak。

如果你記得老虎攻擊獵物時是採取埋伏(ambush), 還有牠們橘色的毛上有黑色的條紋(streak),那你就能記 得這兩個字。然而,老虎通常是獨居動物。

3. 老虎可以模仿其他動物的叫聲。

老虎擁有的一個實用打獵技能是,牠們能夠模仿獵物所 發出的聲音。舉例來說,曾有人聽到牠們發出「pook」的聲 音,這和水鹿(牠們最愛的大餐之一)的叫聲很像。這個能 力可以誘騙水鹿,讓牠們以為接近中的老虎是牠們的一員。

4. 老虎的尿聞起來像奶油爆米花。

這或許是清單上最奇怪的事實,但無疑是真的(根據那 些曾聞過的人所言)。不過,這可不是因為老虎喜歡這種電 影院的點心。這只是因為牠們 ── 還有世界上其他一些哺乳 動物 ── 的尿液中含有一種化學物質,而這種化學物質碰巧有和爆米花同樣的味道。

5. 老虎不將人類視為獵物。

知道自己看起來不像老虎的午餐你會感到開心的。雖然 要獵捕我們相當容易,但老虎似乎不愛人肉。不過,還是有 老虎吃人的案例,所以最好別想測試這個事實。

 

1. 本篇文章是什麼類型?

(A) 虛構的。

(B) 提供資訊的。

(C) 個人意見的。

(D) 新聞導向的。
            

2. 我們可以從本文了解關於老虎的什麼事? 

(A) 牠們的長期記憶比人類更好。

(B) 牠們可以改變顏色以和環境一致。 

(C) 牠們從未獵捕過人類。

(D) 牠們鮮少以團體行動。

3. 下列關於老虎的哪個方面未在文中提及?

(A) 牠們的狩獵技巧。

(B) 牠們留下的味道。

(C) 適合牠們的棲地 

(D) 牠們的飲食偏好。

4. 下列的哪個部位是命名一群老虎的靈感來源?

題解: 根據第 2 點,老虎橘色的毛上有黑色的條紋,因此一群老虎稱為 a streak,故選 (D)。

page69image32200176 

 

 

內容皆出自《常春藤解析英語》與《常春藤生活英語》
2022/10/16 00:00 前購買即享
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作者

Nick Kembel
Nick Kembel
Don’t let the noise of other people’s opinions drown your inner voice.