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✶巨人的國境:巴塔哥尼亞 Patagonia: The Legendary Land of the Giants (上)

Patagonia: The Legendary Land of the Giants
#國外 #休閒旅遊
11/13 生活英語

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巨人的國境:巴塔哥尼亞 Patagonia: The Legendary Land of the Giants
探索巴塔哥尼亞的絕美奇景。
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Discover the wonders of Patagonia.

        Patagonia is a region that covers the southern end of South America. It spreads across the lands of Chile and Argentina. The region is bordered by the Atlantic Ocean in the east and the Pacific Ocean in the west. Patagonia covers about a million square kilometers in total. While Patagonia is mostly made up of grassland on its east side, it also includes the southern range of the Andes Mountains with lakes, fjords, glaciers, and rainforests in the west. 

 

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    The name Patagonia came from the word “patagón.” The term was used by the Portuguese explorer Ferdinand Magellan to describe the natives when he arrived in the region in 1520. The early European explorers believed that the natives who lived in the region were giants with large feet. Some accounts even suggested they were up to 4.5 meters in height. These people, who are now believed to have been the Tehuelche people, were taller than the average Europeans of the time. It is also suspected that the early explorers thought they were giants because their feet were thickly wrapped in fur. This caused their footprints to be much larger than those of normal people.

 

單字片語整理

Words in Use
border
[ˋbɔrdɚ]
n. 邊 / 國界
vt. & vi. 與……有共同邊界,與……接壤
native
[ˋnetɪv]
n. 本地人;土著
a. 祖國的;本地的,土生的
account
[əˋkaʊnt]
n. 帳戶;報導,描述
vi. 說明,解釋
suspect
[səˋspɛkt]
vt. 懷疑;猜想
legendary
[ˋlɛdʒənd͵ɛrɪ]
adj. 傳說的,傳奇的
explorer
[ɪkˋsplorɚ]
n. 探險家
footprint
[ˋfʊt͵prɪnt]
n. 腳印,足跡
Practical Phrases
數字 + in total
 總共……
= a total of

Seven players left the team in total.
總共有 7 名選手離開球隊。

be made up of...
 由……組成

The puzzle is made up of a hundred pieces.
這個拼圖是一百片組成的。

up to...
 多達⋯⋯

The stadium is very large and can hold up to 60,000 people.
那間體育館很寬敞,可容納多達六萬人。

be wrapped in...
 被包(覆/裹)在⋯⋯

The gift was wrapped in golden paper and tied with a bow.
這份禮物金色的紙包著,並繫著蝴蝶結。

 

♦ thatthose 作代名詞的用法 

在英文中,相同的名詞在同一句中出現時,為避免重複,通 常改用代名詞 that 或 those 代替,用法如下:

1. 若為單數名詞或不可數名詞,以代名詞 that 替代。

例:The taste of my drink is similar to the taste of yours.

The taste of my drink is similar to that of yours.

我的飲料的味道與你的相似。

2. 若是複數名詞,則以 those 代替。

例:The flowers in this area smell different from the flowers in that area.

The flowers in this area smell different from those in that area.

這區的花聞起來跟那一區的花不一樣。

3. 比較句構中,比較對象要一致,而為避免名詞重複出現, 也經常使用 that 或 those 代替(如本文第二段最後一句用 法)。

例:The price of a car is much higher than the price of a scooter.

The price of a car is much higher than that of a scooter.

一輛汽車的價格要比一輛機車的高很多。

 

 

圈選出最適當的選項以完成句子

❶ The city is (bordered / gathered / recovered) by a river in the south.

The man’s (object / excuse / account) of the accident helped the police understand what happened.

We (reject / suspect / present) that our flight will be canceled due to the terrible weather.

 

答案:1. bordered 2. account 3. suspect

 

 

探索巴塔哥尼亞的絕美奇景。

巴塔哥尼亞是個涵蓋南美洲南端的地區。它遍布智利和阿根廷的 土地。該地區東臨大西洋,西臨太平洋。巴塔哥尼亞總面積約一百萬 平方公里。儘管巴塔哥尼亞東部主要由草原組成,它的西部也包含安 地斯山脈的南段,有湖泊、峽灣、冰川和雨林。

巴塔哥尼亞之名源自 patagón 一詞。這個詞是葡萄牙探險家斐 迪南.麥哲倫在 1520 年到達該地區時用來形容當地原住民的。早期 的歐洲探險家相信居住在該地區的原住民是長著大腳的巨人。有些記 述甚至暗示他們的身高高達 4.5 公尺。這些人現在被認為是特維爾切 人,他們比當時一般的歐洲人還要高。人們也猜測早期探險家以為他 們是巨人,是因為他們的腳以厚厚的毛皮包裹著。這使他們的腳印比 正常人的要大得許多。

 

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