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上路不路怒 安全有守護 Understanding and Combating Road Rage

Understanding and Combating Road Rage
#克漏字 #心靈·療癒 #安全·醫療
3/8 解析英語

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上路不路怒 安全有守護 Understanding  and Combating  Road Rage
曾開過車的人可能在開車的某個時刻經歷過憤怒。
>> ✶無繩跳繩: 小空間也能大燃脂 Jumping without the Rope

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     Anyone who has ever driven a vehicle has probably experienced anger while behind the wheel at some point. While some people's anger is mild, others' can be aggressive. The sudden violent anger provoked in driving conditions is known as road rage, a term that gained media attention in the 1980s.

     __1__ those who are most likely to experience road rage, evidence suggests that young male drivers tend to be the most aggressive. In addition, anyone experiencing high levels of stress in other areas of their life is __2__ harboring residual aggression when they drive. However, road rage can also be caused by external factors, such as traffic congestion, or incidents like being abruptly cut off by other vehicles.

     Studies have shown that road rage is a serious societal problem. Between 1990 and 1996, road rage was __3__ more than 200 deaths and 1,000 injuries worldwide. Experts analyzed that drivers suffering from road rage are irritated, and thus often make wrong decisions. Some aggressive drivers express their anger by speeding around other cars, while others may get into a fight. Such dangerous behavior poses a threat to both the drivers themselves and other road users.

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單字片語整理

Words in Use
rage
[redʒ]
n. 憤怒;狂熱
vi. 發怒;肆虐
vehicle
[ˋviɪk!]
n. 車輛;任何有輪子的運載工具
mild
[maɪld]
a. (天氣)溫暖的;(個性)溫和的;(食物)味道淡的
aggressive
[əˋgrɛsɪv]
a. 有侵略性的;積極進取的
harbor
[ˋhɑrbɚ]
vt. 窩藏,庇護;心懷
n. 港口
incident
[ˋɪnsədnt]
n. 事件
injury
[ˋɪndʒərɪ]
n. (身體)傷害(可數);(名譽)損壞(不可數)
analyze
[ˋæn!͵aɪz]
vt. 分析,解析
behavior
[bɪˋhevjɚ]
n. 行為(不可數)
strategy
[ˋstrætədʒɪ]
n. 策略,謀略
constructively
[kənˋstrʌktɪvlɪ]
adv. 有建設性地
combat
[ˋkɑmbæt]
n. 戰鬥
vt. 打擊
provoke
[prəˋvok]
vt. 引發 ; 激怒
residual
[rɪˋzɪdʒʊəl]
a. 剩餘的
aggression
[əˋgrɛʃən]
n. 侵略,攻擊 (不可數)
external
[ɪkˋstɝnəl]
adj. 外部的
n. 外觀,外形
congestion
[kənˋdʒɛstʃən]
n. 擁塞;擠滿
abruptly
[əˋbrʌptlɪ]
adv. 突然地
societal
[səˋsaɪət!]
a. 社會的
irritated
[ˋɪrə͵tetɪd]
a. 被激怒的
cognitive
[ˋkɑgnətɪv]
adj. 認知的
therapy
[ˋθɛrəpɪ]
n. 療法
mindful
[ˋmaɪdfəl]
a. 注意的,留神的
threat
[θrɛt]
n. 威脅,恐嚇;惡兆,兆頭
Practical Phrases
traffic congestion
 塞車,交通堵塞
behind the wheel
 開車

I get nervous whenever my wife is behind the wheel.
每當我太太開車時,我都很緊張。

cut off
 剪掉/移除⋯⋯

After getting the cast cut off, Zack kept it as a souvenir.
拆掉石膏後,柴克把它留下當作紀念。

suffer from...
 飽受(疾病)之苦,罹患(疾病)

My father suffers from diabetes.
我爸爸患有糖尿病。

pose a threat to...
 對……造成威脅

Global warming is posing a threat to human survival.
全球暖化正人類生存構成威脅

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作者

Mark Darvill
Mark Darvill
Don’t let the noise of other people’s opinions drown your inner voice.
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