讀取中

正在加載···

解析英語精選文章

宜家效應:為何親手做讓人自我感覺良好 The Ikea Effect—Why We Like Products We Help Make

我超棒der!
DEC. 07, 2020
Brian Foden

文章難易度 3 顆星

 生活居家  4 分鐘閱讀

Wesley

收聽本篇文章講解 

宜家效應:為何親手做讓人自我感覺良好
圖片來源:LCV / Shutterstock.com

Experienced marketing professionals know about human behavior and psychology. These professionals play a critical role in helping businesses promote and market their products and services. One psychological strategy some marketers use has been named the “Ikea Effect.” This principle is named after the Swedish company famous for manufacturing and selling furniture that must be assembled at home.

經驗豐富的專業行銷人士很了解人類的行為和心理。在協助企業促銷及行銷商品和服務時,這些專業人士扮演著關鍵角色。某些行銷人員使用的一種心理策略被稱為「宜家效應」。這個原則是以一家瑞典公司的名字命名,該公司以製造與銷售必須在家組裝的傢俱而聞名。

psychology [ saɪˈkɑlədʒɪ ] n. 心理學
psychologist [ saɪˈkɑlədʒɪst ] n. 心理學家

 

宜家效應:為何親手做讓人自我感覺良好
圖片來源:ben bryant / Shutterstock.com

Essentially, the “Ikea Effect” states that consumers place a higher value on products they have helped build or create. Besides Ikea, another business using the strategy is YouFoodz, an Australian company which offers “ready-to-create” meal kits. These packs contain the raw ingredients that people need for cooking for themselves. The “Ikea Effect” was coined by academic researchers from Harvard Business School, Yale University, and Duke University in 2011. However, their research is actually based on a phenomenon originally noted in the 1950s.

基本上,「宜家效應」是指消費者會比較重視他們有出力打造或創造的商品。除了宜家家居之外,另一家採用這項策略的企業是 YouFoodz,那是一家提供方便煮料理包的澳洲公司。這些包裝裡有人們下廚所需的生鮮食材。「宜家效應」一詞是由哈佛商學院、耶魯大學與杜克大學的學術研究人員於 2011 年所創。然而,他們的研究其實是根據最早在 1950 年代就被注意到的現象。

essentially [ ɪˈsɛnʃəlɪ ] adv. 基本上,本質上
raw [ rɔ ] a. 生的,未煮熟的
ingredient [ ɪnˈgridɪənt ] n. 食材;原料
academic [ ˌækəˈdɛmɪk ] a. 學術的

「新朋友獨享~3個月打造英語耳」樂讀方案,小量訂閱常春藤解析英語雜誌 3 期>>

 

宜家效應:為何親手做讓人自我感覺良好
圖片來源:Zety Akhzar / Shutterstock.com

Back then, a food brand named Betty Crocker wanted to increase sales of its cake mixes. It hired a psychologist named Ernest Dichter, who advised General Mills (the owner of the Betty Crocker brand) to change its recipe. Based on Dichter’s advice, General Mills stopped using a dried egg powder in its Betty Crocker cake mixes. Instead, housewives would need to add a fresh egg when making the cake.

當時,有個名為 Betty Crocker 的食品品牌想要提升自家蛋糕預拌粉的銷量。他們聘請了一名叫做恩斯特.迪希特的心理學家,他建議通用磨坊(即擁有 Betty Crocker 品牌的企業)改變其食譜。根據迪希特的建議,通用磨坊停止在 Betty Crocker 的蛋糕預拌粉裡使用乾燥蛋粉。相反地,家庭主婦在做他們家的蛋糕時需要加一顆新鮮雞蛋。

會看英文不等於會用英文"對話",讓專業外籍老師一對一陪你開始說英文。(點我看詳情)

宜家效應:為何親手做讓人自我感覺良好

After General Mills made the change, sales of its cake mixes improved dramatically. It was determined that if housewives were required to add an egg to the cake mix, then the product was viewed more desirably. Academic researchers wanted to test if the required participation by consumers in the creation of a product was the reason. To do so, the research team asked subjects to assemble Ikea boxes, build shapes with Lego blocks, and fold paper to make origami figures.

通用磨坊做了這項改變之後,其蛋糕預拌粉的銷量便大幅提升。該公司認為,如果家庭主婦被要求在蛋糕預拌粉裡加顆雞蛋,那麼人們就會更加喜歡該產品。學術研究人員想要測試,要求消費者參與製作產品是否為這種現象的成因。為了做到這一點,研究團隊要求受試者組裝宜家家居的箱子、用樂高積木組合各種造型,以及把紙摺成摺紙模型。

desirably [ dɪˈzaɪrəblɪ ] adv. 有吸引力地,令人渴望地
participation [ pɑrˌtɪsəˈpeʃən ] n. 參與  

宜家效應:為何親手做讓人自我感覺良好

They found that people were willing to pay more money for items that they had a hand in making. This confirmed the theory that when people are involved in making something, they perceive it as more valuable.

他們發現人們願意為他們親手製作的物品付出更多錢。這證實了一項理論,那就是當人們參與製作某物時,他們會認為這樣的物品更有價值。

perceive [ pɚˈsiv ] vt. 視為,看待
perceive A as B  視 A 為 B

 

接著閱讀

古典人物肖像為何總是皮笑肉不笑? Smile, Smirk, or Serious?
用盆栽清淨空氣?你想太多了 Do Houseplants Really Clean the Air?
迷因?彌因?到底什麼是 Meme? Meme Time

 

想要閱讀完整文章嗎?本篇文章取自《解析英語 109/12/23》,雜誌內有更多單字片語、例句與文法補充,立即到IVY書城帶回家看。

↓ ↓ 看完文章收穫滿滿嗎?快分享給需要一起學好英文的他/她。轉爆這篇文章,給作者愛的鼓勵!(厚嘿。:.゚ヽ(*´∀`)ノ゚.:。) ↓ ↓ 

想看完整文章內容嗎?《常春藤解析英語》雜誌裡有更多精闢的單字片語、例句與文法補充喔!

點我訂閱回家看 >>