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薰衣草|浪漫‧芬芳‧療癒 Lavender: A Spice, Fragrance, and Medicine?

英國女王伊莉莎白一世堅持每天都要有新鮮的薰衣草擺放在花瓶裡
#閱讀測驗 #植物
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薰衣草|浪漫‧芬芳‧療癒 Lavender: A Spice, Fragrance, and Medicine?
薰衣草除了是一種鮮豔的花園植物外,也被用於各式各樣的香水和古龍水中
>> 大驚奇!美國加州外海發現 「全球最大章魚花園」 Research Reveals Octopuses’ Smart Thinking in Their Quest to Survive

文章主講 Bruce, Angela, Wesley

Chances are good that you have smelled or even tasted lavender without knowing it. In addition to being a colorful garden plant, lavender is used in a variety of perfumes and colognes. It is used as a spice in culinary dishes, like pasta, salads, dressings, and desserts. It can also be found in cosmetics.

你很可能曾在不知情的狀況下聞過或甚至嚐過薰衣草。 薰衣草除了是一種鮮豔的花園植物外,也被用於各式各樣的香水和古龍水中。它作為香料被加進像是義大利麵、沙拉、醬料和甜點等料理中。在化妝品中也能見到薰衣草。

perfume [ ˈpɝfjum ] n. 香水
cologne [ kəˈlon ] n. 古龍水(芳香化合物含量較低的香水)

culinary [ ˈkʌləˌnɛrɪ / ˈkjuləˌnɛrɪ ] a. 烹飪的
cosmetics [ kɑzˈmɛtɪks ] n. 化妝品(恆用複數)

薰衣草|浪漫‧芬芳‧療癒 Lavender: A Spice, Fragrance, and Medicine?

While the above uses of lavender are well known, more controversially, lavender is considered by some to be a medicine. Lavender is native to the Mediterranean and the Middle East. Today it can be found nearly everywhere. Indeed, in parts of Australia, it grows so well that it is displacing native plants and is regarded as an invasive species.

雖然上述這些薰衣草的用途廣為人知,但比較有爭議的是,有些人認為薰衣草是一種藥。薰衣草原生於地中海及中東。如今幾乎在各地都找得到薰衣草。甚至在澳洲的一些區域裡,薰衣草長得太好了,以致於它正排擠原生植物,還被認為是入侵物種。

controversially [ ˌkɑntrəˈvɝʃəlɪ ] adv. 受爭議地

 薰衣草|浪漫‧芬芳‧療癒 Lavender: A Spice, Fragrance, and Medicine?

Lavender was a commonplace herb in the Roman Empire and even earlier in ancient Egypt, where it was placed in tombs. The Greeks and Arabs were also fans. Some people of historic note are rumored to have fallen in love with lavender. Cleopatra, Queen of Egypt during Roman times, is said to have used it to attract her lovers Julius Caesar and Mark Antony. Queen Elizabeth I of England insisted on having fresh lavender placed in vases daily. Charles VI of France ordered that his pillow contain lavender so that he could get a good night’s sleep. Napoleon Bonaparte, another Frenchman, was keen on lavender, too.

薰衣草在羅馬帝國是一種常見的藥草,甚至在更早期的古埃及,它會被放入墳墓裡。希臘人和阿拉伯人也喜歡薰衣草。有些歷史名人據說也曾愛上薰衣草。古羅馬時期的埃及女王克麗奧佩脫拉據說曾用薰衣草來吸引她的愛人朱利烏斯.凱薩及馬克.安東尼。英國女王伊莉莎白一世堅持每天都要有新鮮的薰衣草擺放在花瓶裡。法國國王查理六世下了命令,他的枕頭內必須要有薰衣草,這樣他才能一夜好眠。另一位法國男士拿破崙.波拿巴也熱愛薰衣草。

commonplace [ ˈkɑmənˌples ] a. 普通的
tomb [ tum ] n. 墓塚

sb/sth + of note 知名的人∕物

會看英文不等於會用英文"對話",讓專業外籍老師一對一陪你開始說英文。(點我看詳情)

Most people agree that lavender is attractive in sight, smell, and taste, but whether it has medicinal properties is another story. Though lavender is used to make medicines for anxiety, insomnia, relieving pain, and many other conditions, no well-documented studies prove its effectiveness for many of these uses. That being said, we can always enjoy this natural, fragrant treasure. 

大多數人都會同意薰衣草看起來、聞起來和嚐起來都很吸引人,但它是否有藥性則是另一回事了。 雖然薰衣草被用來製造治療焦慮、失眠、鎮痛以及其他許多疾病的藥物,但並沒有充分的研究證實它在這些諸多用途上的效果。儘管如此,我們還是可以一直享受這種自然芬芳的珍寶。

anxiety [ æŋˈzaɪətɪ ] n. 焦慮
insomnia [ ɪnˈsɑmnɪə ] n. 失眠(症)
well-documented [ ˈwɛlˈdɑkjumɛntɪd ] a. 有大量文字資料證明的

 

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單字片語整理

Words in Use
perfume
[pɚˋfjum]
n. 香水(不可數)
vt. 使充滿香氣
cologne
[ kəˈlon ]
n. 古龍水(芳香化合物含量較低的香水)
culinary
[ˋkjulɪ͵nɛrɪ]
a. 烹飪的
cosmetics
[kɑzˋmɛtɪks]
n. . 化妝品(恆用複數)
controversially
[ ˌkɑntrəˈvɝʃəlɪ ]
adv. 受爭議地
commonplace
[ˋkɑmən͵ples]
a. 普通的
tomb
[tum]
n. 墳墓
anxiety
[æŋˋzaɪətɪ]
n. 焦慮
insomnia
[ɪnˋsɑmnɪə]
n. 失眠
well-documented
[ ˈwɛlˈdɑkjumɛntɪd ]
adj. 有大量文字資料證明的
Practical Phrases
sb/sth + of note
 知名的人∕物

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作者

Bruce E. Bagnell
Bruce E. Bagnell
常春藤解析英語雜誌資深外籍教師,中英文流利,曾為台灣大學資深教授,與賴世雄老師為多年好友。
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