文章主講 賴世雄, Jennifer
When you visit a museum, you will typically see some signs that read, “No Touching.” It should be common sense that one is not supposed to touch any of the exhibits. Occasionally, as with the Louvre’s Touch Gallery or the British Museum’s Hands On desks, visitors are the opportunity—even encouraged—to directly touch certain art displays. Most times, however, museums do not allow the handling or touching of valuable pieces. If everyone could touch the Mona Lisa, for example, the face, eyes, and smile of the lady the canvas. Fiona Candlin, a professor of museology at Birkbeck College in London, has long contemplated why people want to engage directly with objects of art.
當你參觀博物館時，通常會看到一些標誌上寫：「請勿觸摸」。不應該觸碰任何展品應是常識。有時候，遊客被給予機會 ―― 甚至被鼓勵 ―― 直接觸摸某些藝術展品，如同羅浮宮的觸摸藝廊或大英博物館的動手櫃檯。不過大部分時間，博物館是不允許遊客去拿或觸摸珍貴的作品。舉例來說，如果每個人都能觸碰《蒙娜麗莎》，那位女士的臉龐、眼睛和微笑都將從畫布上被抹去。費歐娜．坎德林（倫敦大學伯貝克學院的博物館學教授）長期以來一直在思考，人們為什麼會想要直接接觸藝術品。
We checked out the calligraphy exhibit at the National Palace Museum.（我們在故宮博物院看了書法展。）
The lawyer presented some exhibits in court during the trial.（該名律師於審判中在法庭上提交一些物證。）
Ashley’s paintings have been exhibited all around the world over the past 10 years.（艾希莉的畫作過去十年來一直在世界各地展出。）
The patient exhibited some early signs of the disease.（該名病患顯現出這種疾病的一些早期症狀。）
Candlin speculated that there must be a rational explanation for why people have the impulse to touch they look at. For most people, a museum visit is considered a purely visual experience, but that may be because we are told not to touch the items . In fact, one museum attendant hired to keep an eye out for visitors who cannot resist the urge to touch art pieces without said, “You stop a hundred people touching and there are two hundred more. It’s like trying to turn back the sea.” Candlin wrote the book Art, Museums, and Touch (2010) to better explain this phenomenon. Candlin concluded in the book that people instinctively touch new things because touch is an integral part of humans’ learning experience. Perhaps this is why most people learn better through “hands-on” experiences.
1. (A) denied (B) granted (C) assigned (D) installed
2. (A) are wiped off (B) had been wiped off (C) would be wiped off (D) can have been wiped off
3. (A) that (B) this (C) which (D) what
4. (A) on display (B) in charge (C) at length (D) off duty
5. (A) certificate (B) allowance (C) permission (D) intuition