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LNT:擁抱無痕山林 Valuing and Protecting the Great Outdoors

留住青山,星期三猴子才能去爬山
MAR. 29, 2021
Lauren McCarthy

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Wesley

收聽本篇文章講解 ▶(原文為篇章結構測驗,為方便閱讀則不挖空,點這看原測驗選項)
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LNT:擁抱無痕山林 Valuing and Protecting the Great Outdoors

Anyone that is keen on getting out into nature knows that the pristine, untouched beauty of the outdoors will only remain that way if people respect the environments they visit. To ensure that this happens, the Leave No Trace Center for Outdoor Ethics has come up with a framework of seven principles for people to follow. These principles can be applied whether one is hiking to a remote campsite or enjoying a local park.

任何熱愛走進大自然的人都知道,只有當人們尊重所造訪的環境時,原始而未受破壞的戶外美景才會被保留下來。為了確保這種情況,無痕山林戶外道德中心想出了一個由七個原則組成的準則以供人們遵循。無論是健行至偏遠的露營地,或是在當地的公園享受戶外時光,都可以應用這些原則。

pristine [ ˈprɪstin ] a. 原始的;純樸的
ethics [ ˈɛθɪks ] n. 道德標準(恆用複數)
framework [ ˈfremˌwɝk ] n. 準則,參照標準

延伸學習|environment 除了指「自然環境」外,還可指其他不同環境:

  • 指「生活環境」。

People who don’t adapt to new environments tend to have a great deal of difficulty in life.

  • 指「工作環境」。

If a company fails to provide a safe environment for its employees, it will be fined.

以下介紹其他與「(自然)環境」相關的單字:

  • surroundings [ səˈrɑʊndɪŋz ] 指「住處;四周環境」,恆用複數。
  • circumstance [ ˈsɝkəmˌstæns ] 指「客觀環境」,如:a victim of circumstance(客觀環境的犧牲者);也可以表「情形、情況」,常用複數,且與介詞 under 並用。
  • ecology [ ɪˈkɑlədʒɪ ] 表「生態環境」。
  • ecosystem [ ˈikoˌsɪstəm ] 指「生態系統」。
  • habitat [ ˈhæbəˌtæt ] 指「動植物的自然棲息地」。

 

(F)The Leave No Trace principles offer guidelines for how people can leave a minimal impact in the areas they explore. While most relate to correct behavior for when people are outdoors, the first principle is about planning ahead. Before you head out on an adventure, preparation is essential. (A)Adequate planning helps keep you and your group safe. A little research will also give you a basic understanding of the environment you’ll visit.

無痕原則提供方針指導人們如何在他們所探索的地區中留下最小的衝擊。儘管大多數原則與人們在戶外活動時的正確行為有關,第一個原則是關於提前計劃。在你出發去冒險之前,準備工作極其重要。充分的計畫有助於確保你和團隊的安全。進行一點研究也可以讓你對即將要造訪的環境有基本的了解。

guideline [ ˈgaɪdˌlaɪn ] n. 指導方針
head out  出發
essential [ ɪˈsɛnʃəl] a. 絕對重要的;必不可少的

LNT:擁抱無痕山林 Valuing and Protecting the Great Outdoors

The other rules to follow when you are outdoors are quite simple. You should always walk on proper trails and stay at marked campsites. (D)Everything you bring with you into an area needs to be brought back out. Of course, this means trash like plastic bags and bottles, but it also includes leftovers and food scraps. Further, when you leave a nature area, you should leave what you find(C)That is, don’t take anything from the trail like flowers or rocks with you.

你在戶外時要遵循的其他規則相當簡單。你應該始終走在適當的步道上,並待在有標示的露營地。你攜帶至該地區的所有東西都必須帶走。當然,這意味著要帶走像是塑膠袋和瓶子等垃圾,但其中也包括剩菜剩飯和食物殘渣。此外,當你離開自然區域時,應該保持環境原有的風貌。也就是說,不要帶走步道上像是花朵或石頭等任何東西。

leftovers [ ˈlɛftˌovɚz ] n. 剩菜剩飯(恆用複數)
scraps [ skræps ] n. 廚餘,食物殘渣(恆用複數)
leave what sb finds  保持原貌

LNT:擁抱無痕山林 Valuing and Protecting the Great Outdoors

You should also minimize campfires. It is actually best to carry a portable stove when you go camping. If you are making fires (and if they are even allowed), it is vital that you make sure the fire is out before you leave. The last two principles are about respect and consideration. (B)Respect any wildlife in the area; you’re in their home. Finally, be courteous towards anyone else you meet and think of how your actions may affect others that are enjoying the outdoors alongside you.

你也應該盡量少用營火。實際上,去露營最好攜帶可攜式火爐。如果你要生火(甚至是在允許生火的情況下),確保在離開前將火撲滅是至關重要的。最後兩個原則是關於尊重和體貼。尊重該地區的任何野生動物;你是在牠們的家園。最後,對遇到的任何其他人保持禮貌,並想想自己的行為可能會如何影響與你一起享受戶外環境的其他人。

make a fire  生火
courteous [ ˈkɝtɪəs ] a. 有禮貌的

 

篇章結構選項
(A)
Adequate planning helps keep you and your group safe.
(B) Respect any wildlife in the area; you’re in their home.
(C) That is, don’t take anything from the trail like flowers or rocks with you.
(D) Everything you bring with you into an area needs to be brought back out.
(E) It provides education opportunities, so every person who goes outside can enjoy the world responsibly.
(F) The Leave No Trace principles offer guidelines for how people can leave a minimal impact in the areas they explore.

 

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